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14
Jul

Direct seeding of rice

Direct seeding of Rice

1. This method should be used in the regions having rainfall less than 1000 mm.

2. This method is followed in non- traditional areas of Maharashtra like Marathwada, Western Maharashtra.

3. In this method, 80-100 kg seeds require for one hectare.

4. Seed treatment of Thiram @ 2 g/kg of seeds, 24 hours before sowing is necessary to pre

14
Jul

Characteristics of good seed

Characteristics of good seed

1. Seed must be true to its type i.e. genetically pure, free from admixtures and should belong to the proper variety or strain of the crop and their duration should be according to agroclimate and cropping system of the locality.

2. Seed should be pure, viable, vigorous and have high yielding potential.

3. Seed should be free from seed borne diseases and pest infection.

4. Seed should be clean; free from weed seeds or any i

14
Jul

Seed quality

Seed quality

Following are the advantages of using good quality seeds,

1. Uniform germination thus avoiding replanting, gap filling.

2. Vigorous seedling growth, which reduces weed and disease, damages.

3. Uniform growth stages, maturity and products.

4. Maintain good quality under storage conditions.

5. Reduced cost of cleaning, standardization and disinfections. 6. Reduced cost.

14
Jul

Dapog method of Nursery

Dapog method of Nursery

Dapog method of raising nursery consists of growing seedlings on a concret floor or a raised soil bed covered with polyethelene sheets. The method is used especially in places where supply of water in the seed-bed is dependable.

1. Seed rate: 25-35 kg/ha seed

2. Seed treatment: Dry se

14
Jul

Wet Nursery

Wet Nursery

1. Seed rate: 50-60 kg/ha for coarse variety, 35- 40 kg/ha for fine variety and 20 kg/ha for hybrids.

2. Seed treatment: Dry seed treatment: Seeds are treated with fungicide like Bavistin or Thiram @ 2 g/kg of seeds, 24 hours before sowing and the seeds are treated with Azospirillum at 600g per ha of seeds.<

14
Jul

Dry Nursery

Dry Nursery

1. Seed rate: 50-60 kg/ha for coarse variety, 35- 40 kg/ha for fine variety and 20 kg/ha for hybrids.

2. Seed treatment: Seeds are treated with fungicide like Bavistin or Thiram @ 2 g/kg of seeds, 24 hours before sowing and the seeds are treated with Azospirillum at 600g per ha of seeds.

3.

14
Jul

Nursery Management

Nursery Management

Different types of Rice Nursery:

1. Dry Nursery

2. Wet Nursery

3. Dapog method of Nursery.

14
Jul

Advantages and dis advantages of 2-wheel tractors

Advantages and dis advantages of 2-wheel tractors

The advantages of 2-wheel tractors are:

1. Multi-purpose vehicle

2. Operate in harder conditions than animals or humans

3. Operate in both wet and dry conditions

4. Fairly simple mechanical design

The disadvantages are:

1. Cost of owning and oper

14
Jul

Importance and types of farm power

Importance and types of farm power

i) Draft animals: Land preparation, weed management, crop threshing and transport are all undertaken using animal power. Oxen or buffalo are the most popular animal power source for agricultural practices in Maharashtra.

ii) Human power: Many operations like land preparation including ploughing, soil leveling and constructing levees and drains, plant establishment, pest control, crop harvesting and transporting, grain processi

14
Jul

Wetland Tillage

Wetland Tillage

1. Under wetland system the land is prepared by puddling for planting wet rice. Puddling means mechanical manipulation of saturated soil with standing water in the field.

2. The optimum depth of puddling is about 15-20 cm in the clay and clay-loam types of soils.

3. Good puddling means soil should be soft, uniformly levelled without we

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