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18
Aug

Rice area, production, productivity in Maharashtra

1. A cursory look at the graph reveals that, in Maharashtra, over a period of four decades the productivity has more than doubled. 2. But in recent years there is stagnation in the productivity trend. In the state, Rabi productivity is 2.1 t/ha. Compared to this Kharif (1.6 t/ha] productivity is far below. 3. The production factors favour during the rabi season compared to the Kharif season.

18
Aug

Rice Based Cropping Systems in Maharashtra

1. Rice-Finger millet (ragi) 2. Rice-Pulses 3. Rice-Sorghum (Jowar) 4. Rice-Groundnut 5. Rice-Sugarcane 6. Rice-Oilseeds Other
18
Aug

Importance of Agriculture in Maharashtra State Economy

1. The state has cultivated area of 17.43 m ha which is about 80% of the geographical area. 2. The net irrigated area is 2.94 m ha comprising of 17% of geographical area. 3. The major crops are sugarcane, cotton, sorghum, pearl millet, chickpea, soybean, sunflower and safflower.
18
Aug

Agro ecological zones of Maharashtra

The state has been divided into following agro ecological zones: 1. Agro ecological zone 1: Very high rainfall, lateritic soils; 2. Agro ecological zone2: Very high rainfall, non-lateritic soils; 3. Agro ecological zone 3: Ghat zone; 4. Agro ecological zone 4: Transition 1 with red to reddish brown soils; 5. Agro ecological zone 5: Transition 2 with grayish black soils; 6. Agro
18
Aug

Geography of Maharashtra state

1. Maharashtra lies between 15o44' and 22o6' N latitude and between 72o56' and 80o54' E longitude. 2. It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh in the north, Chhattisgarh in the east, Andhra Pradesh in Southeast and Karnataka and Goa in the south. 3. Climate is warm and humid. Rainfall ranges from 762-4000 mm.
18
Aug

Maharashtra

1. Date of formation of state : 1st May1960 2. No. of districts: 35 3. Area: 8,07,713 sq km 4. Villages: 41,095 5. Capital: Mumbai 6. Towns: 378 7. Population: 96,752,247 8. Per capita income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs 37,081
28
Jul

Portulaca oleracea L. Common purslane

 

Marathi Name: Ghol.

Family: Portulacacaeae.

Description:

• Prostrate succulent herb.

• It produces by seeds and stem fragments.

• Stem is succulent, fleshy, freely branched, normally forming mats when infesting intensively. Branches often reddish or purplish.

• Distributed throughout the tropical and subtropica

28
Jul

Eclipta alba

Marathi name: Maka.

Family: Asteraceae .

Description:

• Diffusely branched annual herb.

• Leaves opposite, sessile, linear or oblong lanceolate narrowed at both ends;

• Propagation - seeds.

28
Jul

Commelina benghalensis L. Day flower

 

Marathi Name: Kena Family: Commelinaceae Description: • Broad leaf herbaceous weed • Widely distributed in the tropics. • Succulent or fleshy creeping and rooting below • Seeds closely pitted. • It s well adapted to moist swampy conditions making rapid growth and thick infestation can smother low growing crops. • Propagation - broken piece
28
Jul

Celosia argentia L. ( Cox comb)

 

Marathi Name: Kuradu, Kombada

Family: Amaranthaceae

Description:

• Erect glabrous tall herb with 1-1.5 m tall.

• Leaves alternate, simple and unbranched.

• Shallow root system.

• Propagation -seeds which germinates with the onset of rains.

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