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10
Aug

Transportation

The most common modes of transportation are:

1)Road transportation : Road transport is the most predominant by used in the movement of paddy/rice. a.Road transport is used in right from the producing fields to the ultimate consumer. The initial movement of paddy/rice is done on village roads, which are generally non tarred (Kachha), and mostly tracks wind through the fields.

b.Over the years, road transport has expanded phenomenally, due to the development of r

10
Aug

Packaging

Packaging

1.Packaging is closely related to labeling and branding. In present scenario, branding and labeling of rice has significant impact on consumer preference.

2. More care is required in packaging of rice meant for export.

3.This is because of demonstrative effect and the requirements of consumers in different countries; exporters have now started using transparent, colourful and attractive packaging.

4.For good packaging, the

10
Aug

Grading under Agmark

Grading under Agmark

1. Grading under Agmark is carried out by the Directorate of Marketing & Inspection in accordance with the grade specifications notified by the Central Government under the provisions of Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937 and Rules made there-under.

2. Grading of rice under AGMARK is voluntary for internal domestic consumption

10
Aug

Grading at producers’ level

Grading at producers’ level

1.The scheme, “Grading at Producers’ level” was introduced in 1962-63 by Directorate of Marketing and Inspection (DMI).

2.The main objective of this scheme is to subject the produce to simple tests and assign a grade before it is sold for sale.

3.The programme is being implemented by the State Governments.

10
Aug

Adulterants and toxins

Adulterants and toxins

1. Admixtures: Sand, marble chips, stones etc

2. Chemicals: Residues on contaminated seeds like mercury, copper, tin, zinc etc. and pesticide residues.

3. Fungal: Toxins in moist grains from : fusarium Sportrichiella toxins in yellow rice from Penicillium inslandium, Penicillium citreovirede, Penicillium atricum, Rhizopus, Aspergillus etc.

4. Viral: Machupo virus: Due to rodent’s urine.

5. Natural contamination:

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