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Date of formation: 1st Nov 1966 No. of districts: 20 Area: 44,212 sq km Villages: 6764 Capital: Chandigarh Towns: 106 Population: 21,144,564 Per capita income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs 38,832

Harvesting of Rice Crop

1. Harvest paddy rice at the right moisture content (20-25%).

2. At maturity, about 80% of the grains turn yellow whilst part of the stems and leaves remains green.

3. Panicle maturity normally occurs at about 28-34 days after heading.

4. Timely harvest will reduce yield loss due to:

• Grain shattering.

• Cracking of grains in the field and grain breakage during milling.

• Lodging and grain discolouration, under wet weather.

• Bird


Weed control

1. Pre-emergence application of Butachlor or Pendimethilin @ 1.5 kg active ingredient t/ha must be given 1-2 days after sowing or 1-2 days after transplanting.

2. Herbicide should be applied after mixing with 500 litre water/ha.

3. For the Control of Swank, Mesta and Motha use Butachlor at the rate of 1.2 Litre or Anilophos at the rate of 0.53 Litre per Acre.

4. Herbicide should be applied within 72 Hours after transplanting.


Intercropping, Manure and fertilizers

1. In view of low profitability of upland rice, the total income can be increased by intercropping upland rice with soybean or groundnut in the ratio of 3:1 or 2:1 row of rice and soybean/groundnut.

2. Farm yard manure ( 10 -20 t/ha ) and 60 : 60 : 40 kg Nitrogen (N) in the form of urea or ammonium sulphate, Phosphorus (P) in the form of single super phosphate and Potash (K) as Muriate of potash should be applied.

3. Full dose of P and K and half dose of N to be given at sowing/t


Seed rate of rice

• For direct seeding @ 80 -100 kg/ha.

• For transplantation @ 35 -40 kg/ha.

• For common/ Fine/ Superfine Group @10-12 kg/Acre.

 • For basmati Group @ 8 kg/Acre.


Popular rice varieties


EIS,Package of Practices,Recommended POP


Rice Cultivation in Haryana

1. Rice is grown in 18 districts of Haryana. Out of which seven districts are in high productivity group, that is, yield more than 2,500 kg/ha.

2. Triennium average area of these seven districts was 5.15 lakh hectares, which was 48% of triennium average area (10.73 lakh hectares) under rice in the State.

3. Triennium average production was 14.19 lakh tonnes, which was 55.2% of triennium average production (25.68 lakh tonnes) of rice in the State.

4. Triennium average product


Agricultural Production in Haryana

1. A remarkable increase in food grains production is visible in Haryana since inception of the State.

2. Production of total food grains in the State is likely to be 155.28 lakh tonnes in 2009-10.

3. The Wheat and Paddy crops have played a major role in pushing up the agricultural production.

4. The production of Rice is likely to be 36.25 lakh tonnes in 2009.

Average yield  of  Rice:

 The average yield per hectare of Rice during 2009-10 in Harya


Soils of Haryana

1. Clay to clay lam; Low in N; Medium in P, High in K, Low to Medium in Zinc and High in other nutrients Soil is formed almost entirely of alluvium; the state is situated towards the depressions of the rivers Ganges and Indus.

2. It is a broad level plain standing nearly on the watershed between the basins of the two rivers. It is a vast ground of moist land.

3. In the whole of the region except the flood plains of the Yamuna and the Ghaggar, the alluvium is of the old type contai


Agro Climatic Zones of Haryana

Two agro climatic zones are present in Karnataka

1. south western part of Haryana.

2. The north western of Haryana.

3. The north western part is suitable for Rice, Wheat, Vegetable and temperate fruits.

4. South western part is suitable for high quality agricultural produce, tropical fruits, exotic vegetables and herbal and medicinal plants.

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