|Package of Practices
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1. The state recorded positive growth rate for only yield. Among the districts, Khammam is the only district recording positive compound growth rate (CGR), linear growth and percent increase for area, production and yield. 2. The growth in yield increased in majority of the districts like Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Prakasam, Kurnool, Anantapur, Chittoor, Ranga Reddy, Nizamabad, Medak, Khammam, and Mahabubnagar. 3. In Nellore, Nalgonda and Warangal production also had positive growth rates in addition to yield. Negative growth rates are experienced in area, production and yield in Krishna district.
• Pests: Brown planthopper, Whitebacked planthopper, Gall midge, Stem borer, Leaf folder, Gundhi bug
• Diseases: Blast, Bacterial leaf blight, Sheath blight, Sheath rot.
2. Abiotic: Submergence in coastal, Cold in Telangana, Drought in Chittoor, Srikakulam, Salinity-0.81 million hectares (Canal commands 0.14 mha, outside canal 0.39 mha, coastal areas 0.28 mha), Zinc deficiency, Drought (5.6% area in under rainfed rice).
1. Traditional rice varieties: Area under traditional rice varieties is limited. Earlier popular traditional varieties were Kichidi Samba, Rajahamsa, Amritsari, Kakirekkalu, Sanna Akkullu, Molagolukulu types, Oda sanndu, Tella danyalu, Nalla danyalu and Mettu danyalu.
2. Popular varieties
Swarna, Samba Mahsuri, Krishna Veni, Vijetha, IR 64, Rasi, Jaya, Polasa Prabha Mahsuri (JGL 384), Jagitial Sannalu (JGL 1798), Vasumati, Phalguna
Rabi: IR 64, Tella Hamsa, Vijetha, Rasi, Prabhat, Cottondora Sannalu (MTU 1010)
Area, Production and Productivity of indigenous aromatic varieties
Very limited area under long grain and indigenous aromatic lines. Chittimutyalu, Godavari Isukulu are popularly grown under indigenous
aromatic rice category.
Funded Centres: Maruteru, Warangal, Rajendranagar
Voluntary Centres: Baptala, Chintapally, Jagtial, Machilipatnam, Nellore, Ragolu
1. Andhra Pradesh has 10.1 m ha cultivated area, constituting 37% of state’s total geographical area. The irrigated area is 36% of the cultivated area. Rice, sugarcane, black gram, chillies, mango, cotton and tobacco are the main crops. With cropping intensity of 122%, food grains production is 13.4 mt. Rice is grown in 3.98 m ha with a productivity level of 2.98 t/ha.
1. Andhra Pradesh is situated between 12041’ and 220 North latitude and 770 and 840 40 East longitude. It shares common boundaries with Madhya Pradesh and Orissa to the north, Bay of Bengal to the east, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka to the south and Maharashtra to the west.
2. The state has three distinct regions namely Coastal Andhra, Telangana and Rayalaseema. Krishna, Godavari and Penna rivers form the major water source.
3. The state experiences semi arid, humid to sub humid climate; temperature is 12.5oC-21.3°C (min), 34.2oC- 44.8°C (max); average rainfall is 925 mm (69% SW, 22% NE, 9% Winter). Northern parts of Andhra Pradesh receive heavy rainfall from the southwest monsoon while southern areas like Rayalaseema experience more rainfall from north-east monsoon.
4. The state has been divided into nine agro climatic zones based on rainfall, soil type and cropping system. These zones are as follows: Krishna, Godavari, North Coastal, South Coastal, Southern Telengana, Northern Telengana, Central Telangana, Scarce rainfall, High altitude and Tribal; the soils are red, black, alluvial coastal sand and laterite.
1. Date of formation: 1st Nov 1956
2. Area: 2,75,069 sq km
3. Capital: Hyderabad
4. Population: 76,210,007
5. No. of districts: 23
6. Villages: 26,613
7. Towns: 210
8. Per capita income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs 26,211