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1. Upper slope soils are usually situated on convex ridges and steep side slopes. The soils are shallow to moderately deep, light grey, yellowish red and strong brown gravelly sandy loam to sandy loam soils.
2. They are normal to weakly acidic in reaction and low in CEC, base saturation and water holding capacity. These soils are classified under the orders Entisols and inceptisols with sub-orders Orthents and Ochrepts.
3. The soils have low fertility status with shallow rooting depth and low water holding capacity. Care should be taken to develop these lands for irrigation due to their soil depth, coarse texture and steeper slopes.
4. The soils may be restricted to light irrigated crops due to high percolation losses. Application of liberal quantities of organic manure is recommended.