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Soil resources

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 India’s share of soil resources of the world is about 2.3% (geographical area – 329M.ha) supporting 17 and 16% of human population and livestock, respectively. The soils are mainly represented by red and lateritic soils (Alfisols, Ultisols, and Inceptisols – 172.2 M. ha), black soils (Vertisols and their associations – 73.5M.ha), alluvial soils (Entisols and Inceptisols – 58.4 M.ha), desert soils (mostly Aridisols and Entisols – 30M.ha) and Tarai Soils (Mollisols – 8.0 M.ha) (Table 1).    

Soil order

Area (M.ha)

Percent

Entisols

80.

24.3

Inceptisols

95.8

29.1

Vertisols

26.3

8.0

Aridisols

14.3

4.5

Mollisols

8.0

2.4

Ultisols

0.8

0.2

Altisols

79.7

4.3

Oxisols

0.3

0.1

Uncultivable

23.1

7.0

Total

328.7

100.0

 

 

File Courtesy: 
Brajendra and Vijai Pal Bhadana Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad - Published in Rice Knowledge Management for Food and Nutritional Food Security
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