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Geography, Climate of Tamilnadu

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Tamil Nadu is located in the Northern hemisphere in the hot zone between 80 and 13' N latitude and between 780 and 800 E longitude. It is bounded on the east by the Bay of Bengal, in the south by the Indian Ocean, in the west by the states of Kerala and Karnataka and in the north by Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. There are five major physiographic parts including the Kurinji mountainous region, Mullai forest region, Murudham fertile plains, Neidhal coastal region and Palai arid region. The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats meet in the Nilgiris of Tamil Nadu. Rich varieties of flora and fauna are available in the geographical area of Tamil Nadu. The Kurinji plant is the most important of them and it blooms once in 12 years. The longest and the most important river of Tamil Nadu is the Cauvery river. Other rivers are Palar, Pennar, Vaigai and Tamiraparani. Tamil Nadu has a long coastal line about 912 km which is called 'Coromandal Coast' or 'Cholamandalak karai" in the northern half and the southern coast is the pearl fisheries coast. The climate is basically tropical. The state experiences south west and north east monsoon. Average annual rainfall is 925 mm

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Rice Almanac
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