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1. The crop is harvested at higher moisture
content and is left in the field or on bounds of field till it has dried to proper moisture content.
2. Another improved method followed in Japan is to dry harvested crop on racks. There the harvested plants are found in a bundle near the ears and are hung on a rope exposing the ears to the sun.
3. It is felt that since the grains attached to the plant the moisture and temperature stresses causing the sun cracks are not as severe as in case of drying the threshed grain in the sun. However, there are losses of grain due to shattering, birds and rodents.