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Rice Vocs

Rice Vocs
11
Jul

Mitosis

A process of somatic cell division which produces daughter nuclei which are identical genetically to one another and to the parent nucleus. They contain the same number of chromosomes. Mitosis produces genetically equivalent cells in the growing somatic region of organisms. It is a process by which the diploid stage of a cell is maintained, i.e., there is no reduction in chromosome number. The five main stages are prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

11
Jul

Mitochondria

Organelles found in all eukaryotes. Site of respiration (atp synthesis). Contains its own DNA.

11
Jul

Mite

Small arachnid of the order acarina.

11
Jul

Mist chamber

An enclosure containing a device that produces a fine mist of water on plants, facilitating the hatching of gall midge eggs and the movement of first-instar larvae.

11
Jul

Missing hill

The place where transplanted seedlings were damaged, are non-existing, or died before maturing.

11
Jul

Mismatching

Error during annealing of primer to template or probe to target, caused by low stringency.

11
Jul

Minor genes

Genes which individually produce very little effect, but may produce marked effect in combination.

11
Jul

Minimum tillage

The least amount possible of cultivation or soil disturbance done to prepare a suitable seedbed. The main purposes of minimum tillage are to reduce tillage energy consumption, to conserve moisture, and to retain plant cover to minimize erosion.

11
Jul

Minimum support price

The minimum support prices are announced by the Government of India with a view to ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their produce on the basis of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) recommendations. The minimum support prices are perceived by the farmers as a guarantee price for their produce from the Government. These prices are announced by the Government at the commencement of the season to enable them to pursue their efforts with the assurance that the prices would not be allowed to fall below the level fixed by the Govt.

11
Jul

Minikit trial

An extremely small trial with a small number of varieties tested in farmers' fields.

11
Jul

Minerals

Solid particles other than organic matter which act as major components of soils and sources of nutrient elements.

11
Jul

Mineralization

The conversion of an element from an organic form to an inorganic state as a result of microbial decomposition.

11
Jul

Mimicry weed

It is type of crop-associated weeds in which the weed will have similarity in morphology with the host crops.

11
Jul

Milling yield / recovery

The estimate of the quantity of head rice (whole rice or nearly whole kernels) and of total milled rice that can be produced from a unit of rough rice. It is generally expressed as a percentage.

11
Jul

Population peak

When a given population is at its highest level.

11
Jul

Population growth

Increase in numbers of a population over a given period due to reproduction.

11
Jul

Milling recovery rate

Total milled rice yield as a percentage of rough rice yield.

11
Jul

Milling

The process of separating the hull or husk and bran from the paddy or rough rice into milled rice and bran and chaff.

11
Jul

Milled rice

Rice obtained after milling that involves removing all or part of the bran and germ from the husked rice. Depending upon the degree of milling, It could further be classified as Undermilled rice, Well milled rice and Extra well milled rice.

11
Jul

Population

1) In genetics, a community of individuals which share a common gene pool at a given site. In statistics, a hypothetical and infinitely large series of potential observations among which actual observations constitute a sample. 2) A group of individuals (plants) within a species or a variety that are found at one site or field. Plants in the population may or may not be genetically alike.

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