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11
Dec

Harvest hit as farmers given substandard paddy seeds

Sivaganga: Farmers who cultivated paddy in about 200 acres in Idaikattur village in Manamadurai taluk of Sivaganga district had their hopes dashed as they were given substandard paddy seeds by the government seed farm, according to them.

The Primary Agriculture Co-operative banks in Idaikattur supplies paddy seeds, pesticides and fertilizers to farmers of this region. Idaikattur is one region which has been able to tide over the worst water crisis, be it the people's needs or agriculture. This year, people from the villages of Pathinettamkottai, Pappankulam, Kallarkulam, Velur, Sirukudi, Idaikattur and Arulanandhapuram approached the bank for their seeds and were given ADT45 which is suited for their region.

The farmers were happy when the seedlings started showing healthy signs of growth initially, but they got disturbed when the paddy started appearing by the 55th day. According to the farmers, this is a sign of the crop failing, because when the paddy starts emerging at a very early stage it also withers before it mature. The due period for emergence of the paddy is 90 to 120 days, when it matures naturally and gets ready for a good harvest.

According to Thiagavalli of Idaikattur, this is the first time in recent times that the crop is failing. "We have been cultivating paddy in seven acres of land for over 50 years and such signs are bad for our crops," she said. The farmers say that they were confident that they would have a good harvest because their water supply was sufficient. But now the bad seeds have sounded the death knell for them.

CPM union secretary Manamadurai said that they had surveyed the region based on the farmers' request and found that the seeds given were substandard. These farmers said that they had purchased a 30 kg bag of paddy seed for Rs 960. If all had gone well they would have got 50 bags of paddy and made Rs 50,000 per acre, including the Rs 25,000 for the initial cultivation process. But, now nearly 70 farmers have been affected and their livelihood is gone and they are seeking a compensation of Rs 20,000 per acre, he said.

Meanwhile, the additional director of agriculture of Sivaganga visited the affected areas and ordered a testing of the seeds and soil.
Courtesy:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/madurai/Harvest-hit-as-farmers-given-substandard-paddy-seeds/articleshow/27198813.cms

9
Dec

వరిలో విస్తృత పరిశోధనలు

హైదరాబాద్‌, మేజర్‌న్యూస్‌:పెరుగుతున్న జనాభాకు తగ్గట్టుగా అహార భద్రతకోసం వ్యవసాయరంగంలో అధిక దిగుబడులనిచ్చే వంగడాలపై శాస్తవ్రేత్తలు దృష్టి సారిస్తున్నారు. ప్రధానఅహార పంటల్లో అధునాతన శాస్తస్రాంకేతిక విజ్ఙాణాన్ని ఉపయోగించుకుంటూ అధికోత్పత్తులను సాధించాల్సిన అవశ్యకపై ప్రభుత్వం, శాస్తవ్రేత్తలు, రైతులు సమీష్టికృషి దిశగా అడుగులు వేయనున్నారు. హైదరాబాద్‌ కేంద్రంగా వరిలో ఎండాకు తెగులు అన్న అంశంపై జరిగిన అంతర్జాతీయసదస్సులో పలు పలు అంశాలు చర్చకు వచ్చాయి. ఈ సదస్సులో వివిధ దేశాలనుంచి పెద్ద సంఖ్యలో శాస్తవ్రేత్తలు , వరిపరిశోధనరంగం నిపుణులు , అధికారులు పాల్గొని వివిధ అంశాలపై చర్చించారు. వరిలో ఇప్పటికే ప్రపంచవ్యాప్తంగా కొన్ని వందలరకాల వంగడాలు విడుదలయ్యాయి. అయితే అందులో అధికోత్పత్తులనిచ్చే రకం వంగడాలేరైతుల ఆదరణ పోంది నిలదొక్కు కోగలిగాయి.

మన రాష్ట్రం నుంచి అచార్య ఎన్జీరంగా వ్యవసాయ విశ్వవిధ్యాలయం శాస్తవ్రేత్తల పరిశోధనల నుంచి పుట్టుకొచ్చిన సాంబమసూరి వరి వంగడం భహుళ ప్రాచుర్యం పోందింది. గింజ సన్నగా ఉండటంతోపాటు కుక్కింగ్‌క్వాలిటి కూడా ఇతర వంగడాలకంటే బాగుండటంతో సాంబమసూరి రకానికి ధాన్యం మార్కెట్‌లో మంచి డిమాండ్‌కూడా లభిస్తోంది. అయితే ఇతర రకాల్లాగే వరిలో ఎండాకు తెగులు సాంబమసూరికి ప్రధాన సమస్యగా మారింది. వరిలో ఎండాకు తెగులు ఒక్క మనరాష్ట్రానికి మాత్రమే పరిమితం కాకుండా వరిపండించే ప్రధాన దేశాలన్నింటిలోనూ ఉండటంతో ఈ సమస్య ప్రపంచవాప్తసమస్యగా మారింది. సదస్సులో పాల్గొన్న అమెరికా, చైనా, ప్రాన్స్‌, కొరియా, ఫిలిప్పిన్స్‌ తదితర దేశాల ప్రతినిధులు కూడా అయా దేశాల్లొ ఎండాకు తెగుళ్ల వల్ల వరిసాగులో నష్టాలను సదస్సులో చర్చకు తెచ్చారు. ఎండాకు తెగులు వల్ల ప్రపంచవ్యాప్తంగా వరిలో సగుటు దిగుబడిలో 2శాతం తగ్గుతుందని పలువురు శాస్తవ్రేత్తలు వెల్లడించారు.ఇండియాలో ఎండాకు తెగులు ప్రభావం 5శాతం మేరకు దిగుబడులపై ప్రభావం చూపుతున్నట్టు గుర్తించారు. ఈ తెగులు వల్ల రైతులు ఏటా 8వందల కోట్ల రూపాయల విలువైన పంటనునష్టపోతున్నారు.

వరిసాగులో తెగుళ్లకు సంభందించి రైతుల అనుభవాలను కూడ సదస్సులో చర్చించారు. సాంబమసూరి వంగడంలో ఎండాకు తెగులును తట్టుకునే జన్యువును ప్రవేశపెట్టి ఇంప్రూవ్డ్‌సాంబమసూరి రకాన్ని శాస్తవ్రేత్తలు విడుదల చేశారు. అయితే ఈ రకం కూడా రానున్నరోజుల్లో రొగనిరోధకశక్తిని క్రమేపి కోల్పోయే అవకాశం ఉన్నట్టు గుర్తించారు. ఈ కోవలో రోగనిరోధకశక్తిని పెంచె కొత్త వంగడాలకోశం మరిత కృషి జరగాలని సదస్సులో నిర్ణయించారు. అంతే కాకుండా వాతవరణ మార్పులు కూడా పంటసాగుపై ప్రభావం చూపుతున్నాయి. మారుతున్న వాతావరణపరిస్థితులను సవాలుగా తీసుకుని మార్పులకు తట్టుకునే వరివంగడాలు రూపొందించాలని శాస్తవ్రేత్తలకు సదస్సు పిలుపునిచ్చింది. మరో ఐదేళ్ల కాలంలో వరిలో మరిన్ని వంగడాలు విడుదలయ్యే అవకాశం ఉన్నట్టు పలువులు శాస్తవ్రేత్తలు వెల్లడించారు. మూడురోజలపాటు జరిగన సదస్సు చర్చలు వరిలో మరిన్ని కొత్త పరిశోధనలకు పోత్సాహాన్ని ఇచ్చాయని పలువురు శాస్తవేత్తలు పేర్కొన్నారు.
Courtesy:http://www.suryaa.com/andhra-pradesh/article-162177

9
Dec

KAU unit promotes mat nursery in paddy

A participatory technology development programme has been launched by the Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS) of the Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) at Pilicode in Kasaragod to promote manual mat nursery in paddy in a big way.

RARS initiated the programme at Kolachery padashekhara in the district to perfect the technology of mat nursery without the use of machine.

The programme has been conceived under the Lead Farmers Extension Advisory and Delivery Services (LEADS) in association with the Department of Agriculture. The participatory technology development programme is being conducted by enlisting the participation of field assistants of LEADS programme, farmers, officers of the Agriculture Department and KAU scientists.

According to RARS scientists, the mat nursery is usually used for transplanting paddy using machine, namely transplanter. However, it is not practical to use transplanter in many of the paddy fields due to the difficulty in transporting it to the difficult terrain, non-availability of the machine as also shortage of trained persons to operate it, they said.

“The mat nursery does not require the services of traditional women labourers for transplanting,” said K. Abdul Kareem, Associate Director, RARS. Mat nursery saves labour up to 50 per cent and it reduces the nursery area to two cents of land as against 10 cents required for planting one-acre under the conventional nursery, he noted. Moreover, the nursery need not be prepared in paddy fields as it can be prepared anywhere and carried to the location, Dr. Kareem said.

The other advantages include requirement of no additional labour for picking the seedlings from nursery. It is also said that there will not be any incidence of weeds and that it is possible to effectively curb the occurrence of pests and diseases. A one-day practical training and workshop was conducted at Kolachery on December 5 for field assistants and lead farmers as part of the programme. Dr. Kareem inaugurated the programme at a function presided over by Narayanan Namboodiri, a leading rice farmer of the district. Agricultural scientists P.K. Ratheesh, T. Santhoshkumar, and others spoke.
courtesy: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-kerala/kau-unit-prom...

9
Dec

USDA sees fall in India's rice output, exports this year: Report

NEW DELHI: India's rice output is likely to decline to 103 million tonnes in 2013-14 on crop damage and exports are also expected to be lower at 10 million tonnes, a latest USDA report says.

The likely crop damage has pushed up domestic rice prices strongly in November and this has been a major concern for the government, which may liquidate rice stock in the local market to check prices ahead of general elections, it said.

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) said:  "Rice production has been lowered to 103 million tonnes (from 105 million tonnes) as the recent cyclones in the eastern coast and heavy rains have damaged the standing rice crop, which was at maturity and harvest stage, in eastern and southern states."

Harvesting in the rain-affected areas have been significantly delayed as the mechanical harvesters are unable to operate due to wet soil conditions, it said.

Although no official assessment of crop loss due to the recent cyclone and heavy rains is available, market sources report crop loss in the affected areas of around 3 million tonne, it added.

Despite some drop, India's rice output would be it third highest crop ever, it said. The country had achieved an all-time output of 105.30 million tonne in 2011-12 and the second highest crop of 104.40 million tonne in 2012-13.

On impact of likely output fall on prices, the USDA said:"Domestic rice prices have gained strongly in November on reports of crop damage in Andhra Pradesh and other eastern state. Rising domestic rice prices over the last few months has been a major concern for the government."

"With the Parliamentary elections due in next five months, the government may liquidate its 'more than sufficient rice stocks' to contain any further increase in domestic prices," it said.

Prices of common variety rice in India rose to Rs 29,000 per tonne level last month, from the below Rs 24,000 per tonne in the same period last year, USDA data showed.

On rice exports, the USDA said the outbound shipments are expected to decline to 10 million tonnes in the 2013-14 marketing year (October-September), from the estimated 10.9 million tonnes last year.

Noting that sowing of rabi (winter) rice, has started and will continue through December, the USDA said,"Assuming normal weather conditions, higher rabi rice production is likely to partially offset the recent crop loss."

Planting of rabi rice, mostly confined to West Bengal and southern states, is likely to be higher than last year on improved soil moisture, augmented water levels in irrigation reservoirs and relatively firm domestic prices, it said. (MORE) PTI LUX KSR STS RAH 12081128 NNNN

Since early October, three consecutive cyclones -- Phaillin, Helen and Lehar -- on the eastern coast have caused significant damage to the rice crop in the coastal belt of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.

Also, the consequent heavy rains in the eastern states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and eastern Uttar Pradesh have caused some crop lodging, it added.

courtesy: http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/27071310.cms?utm_source=...

9
Dec

'TAL proteins key tool on bacterial blight of rice'

Underscoring the role of TAL (Transcription Activator Like) effectors in providing information on how bacterial blight (BB) works in rice, Jan Leach of Colorado State University, US, said they were becoming very important bio-technology tools.

TALs are xanthamonous proteins that are injected into the host cells (rice plants). These then localise themselves into nucleus of plant cells and activate the transcription of susceptible and resistant genes. The genes they activate sometimes are called as Os Sweet genes 11 and 14, which encode sugar transporters in BB susceptible plants.

However, she said functions of many TAL effectors were still not known. "We have a long way to go in the race-specific resistance by way of TALs. The rice targets for many TAL effectors are predicted and have not been proved yet," said Leach while speaking at the fourth international conference on Bacterial Blight here recently.

The event was jointly organised by CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Directorate of Rice Research (DRR) and Society for Advancement of Rice Research.

BB is caused by bacterial pathogen, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), which cannot be treated chemically and can risk 50 per cent crop. The best way to deal is to develop host plant (resistant) varities.

"We need funding for research. The virulence function and bio-targeting is still far away," she added. At present, there are more than 40 gene varieties and 11 pathotypes detected for various races of rice.

CSIR-CCMB, in collaboration with the DRR, has jointly developed the improved bacterial-resistant 'samba masuri' variety.

Courtesy:http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/tal-proteins-key-tool-on-bacterial-blight-of-rice-113120800801_1.html

7
Dec

Adopt direct paddy seeding, farmers told

Water can be saved under this method, says Vice-Chancellor

B.V. Patil, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, has called upon the farmers to change their method of cultivation for achieving high yields at low costs of production.

He was speaking at a programme, jointly organised by PI Industries Ltd., Gurgaon, and the University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, on Friday, to launch the direct paddy seeding machine developed by PI Industries Ltd.

“Directly seeded paddy crop consumes far less water, compared to transplanted paddy. There will be no difference in terms of output. By adopting the direct paddy seeding method, instead of transplanting, farmers can save water,” he said.

For producing one kg rice, about 4,500 litres of water was being used in India, while mere 50 litres of water was being used in developed countries, he added.

Switching from the transplanting method to direct paddy seeding was imperative, considering the water scarcity being faced in India, he said.

Experiment

Expressing the hope that farmers would change their farming method from transplanting to direct seeding, Mr. Patil said, “Direct seeding was started in one acre of land at Bhimarayanagudi in Raichur district, three years ago, and now it has been extended to 60,000 acres.”

Mr. Patil said that his university would help the farmers in getting subsidies for purchasing direct paddy seeding machine.

Some farmers who had switched over direct seeding method shared their experiences.

R.D. Kapoor, chief executive officer of PI Industries Ltd.; D. Gurusiddaiah, Director, National Horticulture Board; B.K. Desai, Head of the Department of Agronomy, UAS, Raichur, and other senior agricultural scientists were present.

courtesy:http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/adopt-direct-paddy-seeding-farmers-told/article5432161.ece

7
Dec

Haryana, paddy arrival, mandis

Over 54 lakh MT paddy arrives in Haryana

Chandigarh, Dec 6: 

Over 54.78 lakh metric tonnes of paddy has so far arrived in various mandis of Haryana during the current procurement season as compared to the arrival of over 52.01 lakh metric tonnes of paddy during the corresponding period last year.

Stating this here on Friday, a spokesman of the Food and Supplies Department said that out of the total arrival, the government agencies have procured over 35.73 lakh metric tonnes of paddy and millers have purchased over 19.05 lakh metric tonnes of the produce.

He said Food and Supplies Department has purchased over 14.45 lakh metric tonnes of paddy, HAFED over 10.20 lakh metric tonnes, Agro Industries Corporation over 5.84 lakh metric tonnes, Haryana Warehousing Corporation over 3.44 lakh metric tonnes, CONFED over 1.65 lakh metric tonnes and Food Corporation of India 13,157 metric tonnes of paddy.

The spokesman said that district Karnal is leading in paddy arrival where over 9.70 lakh metric tonnes of paddy having arrived in the mandis, followed by Kurukshetra with over 9.43 lakh metric tonnes.
(This article was published on December 6, 2013)

Courtesy:http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/states/over-54-lakh-mt-paddy-arrives-in-haryana/article5429949.ece

7
Dec

Haryana, paddy arrival, mandis

Over 54 lakh MT paddy arrives in Haryana

Chandigarh, Dec 6: 

Over 54.78 lakh metric tonnes of paddy has so far arrived in various mandis of Haryana during the current procurement season as compared to the arrival of over 52.01 lakh metric tonnes of paddy during the corresponding period last year.

Stating this here on Friday, a spokesman of the Food and Supplies Department said that out of the total arrival, the government agencies have procured over 35.73 lakh metric tonnes of paddy and millers have purchased over 19.05 lakh metric tonnes of the produce.

He said Food and Supplies Department has purchased over 14.45 lakh metric tonnes of paddy, HAFED over 10.20 lakh metric tonnes, Agro Industries Corporation over 5.84 lakh metric tonnes, Haryana Warehousing Corporation over 3.44 lakh metric tonnes, CONFED over 1.65 lakh metric tonnes and Food Corporation of India 13,157 metric tonnes of paddy.

The spokesman said that district Karnal is leading in paddy arrival where over 9.70 lakh metric tonnes of paddy having arrived in the mandis, followed by Kurukshetra with over 9.43 lakh metric tonnes.
(This article was published on December 6, 2013)

Courtesy:http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/states/over-54-lakh-mt-paddy-arrives-in-haryana/article5429949.ece

7
Dec

Clamour to restore glory of paddy cultivation

Mudigere, Dec 6, 2013, DHNS:

The Krishi Mela-2013, off to a rousing start in Mudigere

There is a need to improve the economic condition of farmers, who have been incurring losses in the farming sector, said Taluk Panchayat President M A Sheshagiri Kalasa.

Speaking at Krishi Mela 2013, organised at College of  Horticulture premises in Mudigere on Friday, he said the area under paddy cultivation is on decline in Malnad for the last few years.

As farmers are not fetching good income in paddy cultivation, many have deserted the paddy field and have shown inclination towards growing horticulture crops. If the situation continues, then we may have to struggle to get food in the future.

Krishika Samaja Secretary P K Nagesh said “the welfare programmes initiated by the government for the welfare of the farmers should reach the farmers. The horticulture and agriculture departments should ensure that farmers fetch profit.”

Zilla Panchayat member M S Ananth said that the interaction between scientists and farmers should improve. The researches should reach the field. Mechanisation in farming will help in getting good yield. The technology developed in laboratory should reach farmers.

Agriculture and Horticulture University Special Officer Dr P M Salimath said “research is being carried out to find a solution to Yellow Leaf Disease and Fruit Rot Disease affecting areca. A programme has been chalked out wherein scientists will visit Raitha Samparka Kendra and will interact with farmers twice in a month in the future.

Sudha Ramesh who has achieved success in black pepper cultivation was felicitated.

Farm equipment

The exhibition had stalls on seeds, machines, and flowers. Farmers from Kodagu and Hassan districts too participated in the Krishi Mela. Farmers were seen thronging the stalls that had exhibited machinery.

An art piece made of ‘insects’ by the department of Entomology of College of Horticulture was centre of attraction at the venue.

The students created awareness on the insects among farmers

Courtesy:http://www.deccanherald.com/content/373234/clamour-restore-glory-paddy-cultivation.html

7
Dec

Haryana rice mills seek relaxation in paddy damage norms

CHANDIGARH: Rice mills in Haryana are in a limbo as the Food Corporation of India (FCI) has not relaxed norms related to damage of milled rice procured by it from them. Resultantly, Haryana has stopped supply of rice to the central pool from its 1,000-odd mills.

Seeking relaxation on the damage percentage, Haryana rice mill owners are now approaching the state government to pursue their case with FCI. They claim that inclement weather has resulted in the damage of paddy crop. Haryana Rice millers Association (HRMA) said that faced a damage of 5 to 7% as against the FCI's norm of 3%.

"This is not just the case in Haryana but other paddy growing states like Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh are also involved. FCI and the Centre should increase the damage percentage to 4.5% for the survival of farmer and the miller. We have also written to Union state minister for agriculture K V Thomas besides giving representations to Kurukshetra MP Navin Jindal and Sirsa MP Ashok Tanwar," said Rajender Aggarwal, HRMA president.

courtesy:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Haryana-rice-mills-seek-relaxation-in-paddy-damage-norms/articleshow/26981591.cms

6
Dec

ICAR Sikkim Centre Organised Scientists’ Capacity Building Programme under NAIP-RKMP

Rice is one of the major food crops of India in terms of area, production and consumer preference. India is the second largest producer and consumers of rice in the world with substantial share in the global rice production that hovering in the range of 19.5 to 24.5 per cent. India earns a foreign exchange of more than Rs. 7000 crores and tops the list of rice export in the world (2012) with a figure of 10.3 million tonnes followed by Vietnam (7.7 million tonnes) and Thailand (7 million tonnes).

However, in spite of having several breakthroughs in rice production technologies and rice development programmes, some major rice growing areas are still lagging behind due to several constraints associated with rice production; amongst which existing rice information sharing mechanism is found to be prominent. Realising the need for evolving strategies to improve the production and productivity of rice through capacity building, seven-day training programme was organized under the NAIP-I funded project “Development and Maintenance of Rice Knowledge Management Portal”(RKMP) from 28th November to 04th December, 2013 at ICAR Sikkim Centre with the aim to train the professionals working in the field of rice about the recent developments in rice production technologies. Thirty five participants from across the country comprising of professionals from KVKs, ICAR institutes, CAUs and SAUs participated in this training programme. They were exposed to various rice production technologies through open interaction with scientists and field visits.
The Chief Guest during the Valediction (4th December, 2013) Shri P. T. Bhutia, Principal Director cum Secretary, FS&AD Department, Govt. of Sikkim expressed his concern over the negative impact of green revolution and emphasized upon the need for “evergreen revolution” the term coined by Prof. M. S. Swaminathan and also called upon the trainees to utilize the knowledge and benefits gained from this training for the welfare of farming community. Attending the programme the Guest of Honour Dr. M. C. Diwakar, Director, DRD, Patna, stressed upon the need to go for high yielding/ hybrid varieties in rice in order to achieve the goals of Nutritional Security Mission and reduce the hunger and malnutrion in the country. Dr. R. K. Avasthe, Joint Director, ICAR Sikkim Centre, in his deliberation highlighted the role of ICAR in technology development and voiced his will to extend full support and cooperation to Govt. of Sikkim for the improvement of agriculture and allied sectors in the state. He also said that we, the agricultural professionals are seriously concerned for feeding the people of India and urged the participants to carry forward the technologies gained from this training to the farmers of their region. Dr.A. K. Mohanty, Prog. Coordinator, KVK, East Sikkim and Co-PI, NAIP-RKMP gave a brief introduction about the RKMP Project and also highlighted the significance of organising such capacity building programmes. Earlier, Shri, Chandan Kapoor, Scientist (Plant Breeding) welcomed the gatherings and at the end, Dr. R. Gopi, Scientist, (Plant Pathology) proposed the vote of thanks.

5
Dec

Odisha faces Opposition ire over distress sale of paddy

Farmers forced to sell paddy at Rs 800 to Rs 900 per quintal against Centre-fixed MSP of over Rs 1,300

Alleging neglect towards the farmers, the opposition parties led by Congress today severely criticised the government on the distress sale of paddy in the state.

Initiating a debate on an adjournment motion on the topic in the assembly, Congress MLA Anup Kumar Sai said, the farmers are forced to sell paddy at Rs 800 to Rs 900 per quintal against the Centre-fixed minimum support price (MSP) of over Rs 1,300. “This has happened because of non-opening of mandis by the government,” he added.

Sai said, paddy is being sold at a much lesser rate this year compared to previous years.

He urged the government to pay bonus to the farmers to make up for their losses.

The Union government has fixed the MSP of paddy for 2013-14 at Rs 1,310 per quintal for common rice and Rs 1,345 for better grade rice.

Complaining that the paddy is still sold through the middlemen, he said, “There are instances of farmers committing suicide in Lakhanpur. The government should giver proper compensation to the farmers for the loss of crop due to the Phailin.”

Expressing similar concern, Jharsuguda MLA Naba Kishore Das flayed the state government for not taking actions against the rice millers, who refuse to lift paddy from the farmers.

He demanded that government should fix a timeline for procurement of paddy from the farmers.

Participating in the discussion, Bargarh MLA Sadhu Nepak said, slow lifting of paddy in the market yard is leading to distress sale of paddy.

Refuting the allegations, state minister for Civil Supplies, Pratap Keshari Deb, said, the government has opened mandis in six districts. The districts are Bargarh, Boudh, Kalahandi, Sambalpur, Nuapada and Subarnapur.

Deb informed the House that on the basis of decision taken at the district level procurement committee (DLPC) meeting, paddy procurement has started in Bargarh, Boudh, Kalahandi, Nuapada and Sambalpur districts.

Similarly, more mandis will be opened in Bolangir, Deogarh, Keonjhar, Kandhamal, Nabarangpur, Nayagarh, Rayagada and Subarnapur districts in the first week of December.

Paddy procurement will be taken up in Cuttack and Kendrapada districts in the first week of January, 2014, the minister added. He said, Food Corporation of India (FCI) has procured 11.11 lakh tonne rice in the last Kharif marketing season (KMS) as on December 2 and the target is to buy another 75,000 tonne of rice by the end of this month.

FCI has transported 8.7 lakh tonne rice to other states as on December 2, which is a record.
Courtesy: http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/odisha-faces-op...

5
Dec

Bengal to introduce mobile based information system for paddy procurement

KOLKATA: The department of food and supplies is introducing mobile based sms information system for paddy procurement in the state.

From now on the daily purchase of paddy by the rice mills and the six CMR agencies like NAFED, CONFED, ECSC and NACOF etc will be recorded by the food and supplies department on a daily basis by way of receiving information from GPS enabled mobile SMS regarding the amount of paddy being purchased and the number of farmers involved from the point the purchase will be made.

It will be a web based application and there will be a central server where the information received through SMSs will be automatically recorded and will be seen on the geographical map of the state. This will help the department to keep track as to in which locations the paddy procurement is taking place, how much are being purchased and whether there is any discrepancy occurring in the process. A comprehensive data base by way of a micro plan has been developed that are interlinked with the stakeholders of the operation such as the rice millers, CMR agencies, state officials and district administration. This will also help the department to reduce the response time in reaching the left out areas so that the farmers are benefited. The state has set a target to procure 30 lakh metric tonne of paddy this year.
courtesy:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/Bengal-to-introduce-mobile-based-information-system-for-paddy-procurement/articleshow/26859963.cms

5
Dec

Bihar sets target to procure 30 lakh tonnes paddy

Bihar has set a target to procure 30 lakh tonnes of paddy this year at a minimum support price of Rs 1,310 per quintal for the ordinary produce, state Food Minister Shyam Rajak said on Wednesday.

Primary agricultural credit societies (PACS) have been asked to purchase 23 lakh tonne and the rest 7 lakh tones would be purchased by State Food Corporation, he said after a review meeting of Food and Civil Supplies Department in Patna.

The Minister said while ordinary paddy would be acquired at a minimum rate of Rs 1310 per quintal, grade A produce would be paid Rs 1,345 a quintal. Stress was being given this year on decentralization of the procurement centre to facilitate maximum purchse through PACS.

Direction has been given for purchase of moisture metre for every PACS for this end, he said. Review would be held on performance of all PACS next month, he added.

Courtesy:http://ibnlive.in.com/news/bihar-sets-target-to-procure-30-lakh-tonnes-paddy/437720-3-232.html

4
Dec

India Develops Two New Hybrid Rice Varieties

India’s Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) has developed new hybrid rice varieties that have higher yields and are more nutritious compared to other rice varieties in the southern state of Kerala.

According to KAU’s project coordinator Prof. S. Leena Kumary, the new rice variety Mo.16 (Uma) has an average yield of around 6 - 6.5 tons per hectare which can increase to 8 to 9 tons per hectare under favorable conditions. The rice variety Mo.21 (Prathyasa) has an average yield of around 5.5 – 6 tons per hectare. The yields of these varieties are about 2 – 3 times the national average yield of around 3 tons per hectare. The new varieties have good milling rate (of around 65%) and cooking quality. Mo.21 has higher content of zinc and is more nutritious than other varieties, Prof. S. Leena Kumary told Oryza.

Rice consumption in Kerala stands at around 3.8 – 4 million tons, but the state produces just about 600,000 tons of rice annually due to lack of irrigation and low hybrid rice cultivation.

Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/india-develops-two-new-hybrid-rice-varieties

4
Dec

Wonder rice gene discovered, may boost rice yields by a third

NEW DELHI: Scientists have discovered a wonder gene that could dramatically increase yields of rice, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) said Tuesday. Rice is the world's most widely consumed staples with global production in 2012-13 estimated at a record 490 million tonnes.

"Our work showed that SPIKE is indeed one of the major genes responsible for the yield increase that breeders have spent so many years searching for," IRRI genetic transformation laboratory chief Inez Slamet-Loedin said in a statement.

IRRI spokeswoman Gladys Ebron said the transfer did not involve genetical modification of the crop, a controversial issue in food production. "It's just conventional breeding," she added.

Preliminary tests show that yields can rise by 13-36 percent when infused with the so-called SPIKE gene, the Philippines-based institute said. Although the gene was first discovered in the 'japonica' variety of rice, tests are underway to introduce it in the modern long-grain "indica" rice varieties, the world's most widely grown types of rice.

Tropical japonica rice is mainly grown in East Asia and accounts for just 10 percent of global rice production. The rest is 'indica' variety. India, the world's second largest producer of rice after China mostly cultivates the indica variety.

"We discovered the gene, SPIKE, in an Indonesian tropical japonica rice variety," announced rice breeder Dr. Nobuya Kobayashi of the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization-Institute of Crop Science in Japan. Dr. Kobayashi is a former IRRI scientist seconded from the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS).

Testing of new rice varieties infused with the gene is under way across several developing countries in Asia, said rice breeder Tsutomu Ishimaru, head of the IRRI-led SPIKE breeding programme.

"We believe that these will contribute to food security in these areas once the new varieties are released," Ishimaru said.

There is no definite timetable for when the rice containing the SPIKE gene will be distributed to farmers, according Ebron.

To keep rice prices stable and affordable at about $300 a tonne, the institute estimates production needs to increase by 8-10 million tonnes every year. Asia accounts for about 90 percent of global rice production, it added.

Courtesy :  http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/Wonder-rice-gene-discove...

4
Dec

India Rice Prices Reach Record High in November 2013; Up 20% from Last Year

Average wholesale rice prices in India continue to soar, reaching around Rs. 2,931 per quintal in November 2013, up about 7% from around Rs. 2,750 per quintal in October 2013, and up about 20% from around Rs. 2,441 per quintal in November 2012. Current average wholesale rice prices are the highest since at least January 2011 and probably the highest on record, according to official sources.

In terms of USD per ton, average wholesale rice prices in India stand at about $473 per ton (using current exchange rates) in November 2013, up about 5% from around $451 per ton (using historical exchange rates) in October 2013, and up about 5% from around $450 per ton (using historical exchange rates) seen in November 2012.

Harvest of the main rice crop is going on in India, but local traders say rice prices are likely to remain high in the coming months and probably surge higher later next year due to lower anticipated production and continued exports. India’s 2013-14 rice production is estimated to fall about 5% from around 105 million tons produced in 2012-13 due to the adverse impact of consecutive cyclones in October – November 2013.

Last week, the Indian government extended stockholding limit for rice and paddy under the Essential Commodities Act for another year until November 2014 to prevent hoarding. However, rice exporters with government licenses are exempt from the limit until November 2014. The government said, “This [exemption] will help exporters benefit from economies of scale and bigger operation for optimally meeting export demands on a long-term basis.”

Maximum limit of stock for rice in India is decided by the state governments. In 2009, the northern state of Punjab had fixed 500 tons limit for rice wholesalers and 50 tons limit for retailers to control rice prices.

Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/india-rice-prices-reach-record-high-november-2013-...

3
Dec

India Winter Rice Crop Planting Area Reaches 106,000 Hectares; Up 22% from Last Year

Planting area under India’s Rabi rice (winter) crop has reached around 106,000 hectares as of November 29, 2013, up about 22% from around 87,000 hectares recorded during the same time last year, according to the Ministry of Agriculture. India’s Rabi rice crop accounts for about 10 – 15% of total annual rice production in the country.

India’s total Rabi planting area (including rice and other grains) stands at around 39.6 million hectares, up about 6% from around 37.5 million hectares during this time last year.

Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/india-winter-rice-crop-planting-area-reaches-10600...

3
Dec

తీరు మారకపోతే వరికి ఉరే!

  వాతావరణ మార్పులే అసలు సమస్యసాగుచేసే రకాలు.. పద్ధతులూ మారాల్సిందేలేకుంటే వరి సాగు కష్టమే!
నవంబర్, డిసెంబర్ నెలల్లోనే తుఫానులు అధికంగా వస్తున్నాయి. పంట నష్టం కూడా ఎక్కువగా ఉంటున్నది. ఖరీఫ్ వరి నాట్లు ముందుగానే పడితే.. నవంబర్ రెండో వారంలోగా పంట చేతికి వస్తే.. తుఫానుల బారి నుంచి చాలావరకు బయటపడవచ్చు. ఈ పనిని రైతులు ఎందుకు చేయలేకపోతున్నారు? సమస్యలేమిటి? దీనిపై మోహన్‌కందా కమిటీ అధ్యయనం చేసింది. శాస్త్రవేత్తలూ పరిశోధనలు జరిపారు. పరిష్కార మార్గాలు చూపారు. మరి అధికారులు, రైతులు వాటిని పాటిస్తారా? పాటిస్తేనే వ్యవసాయానికి మనుగడ. లేకుంటే...!
(హైదరాబాద్, ఆంధ్రజ్యోతి) వాతావరణంలో మార్పులు వరిసాగుకు శాపంగా మారాయని అంటున్నారు కేంద్రీయ మెట్ట వ్యవసాయ పరిశోధనా సంస్థ శాస్త్రవేత్తలు. గత 60 ఏళ్ల వర్షపాతం గణాంకాలను పరిశీలిస్తే.. వరినాట్లకు ముఖ్యమైన జూలై నెలలో 100 మిల్లీమీటర్ల వర్షపాతం నమోదు కావడానికి అధిక సమయం తీసుకుంటోందని, దీనివల్ల వరి నాట్లు ఆలస్యమవుతున్నాయని అంటున్నారు. నాట్లు ఆలస్యం కావడంతో దాని ప్రభావం దిగుబడిపైనా చూపుతోంది. రాష్ట్రంలో వరిసాగు గిట్టుబాటు కాకపోవడంతో రెండేళ్ల కిందట రైతులు క్రాప్‌హాలిడే ప్రకటించిన సంగతి తెలిసిందే. దీనిపై స్పందించిన ప్రభుత్వం అధ్యయనం కోసం మాజీ సీఎస్ మోహన్‌కందా నేతృత్వంలో ఓ కమిటీని వేసింది. నీటి విడుదలలో జాప్యం కారణంగా వరి సాగు ఆలస్యమవుతోందని, దీంతో నవంబర్లో వచ్చే తుఫాన్లు, అధిక వర్షాల బారినపడి రైతులు పంటనష్టపోవాల్సి వస్తోందన్నది మోహన్‌కందా కమిటీ గుర్తించిన ముఖ్యమైన అంశాల్లో ఒకటి. కాల్వల మరమత్తులు ఏప్రిల్‌లోనే పూర్తిచేసి సకాలంలో నీళ్లు వదలాలని రైతులూ డిమాండు చేస్తున్నారు. కాలువ చివరి భూములకు పొట్ట దశలో తగినంత నీరు అందకపోవడంతో దిగుబడులు తగ్గుతున్నాయని వాపోతున్నారు. ఈ నేపథ్యంలో మోహన్‌కందా నివేదిక, రైతుల అభిప్రాయాలను పరిగణనలోకి తీసుకుని హైదరాబాద్‌లోని కేంద్రీయ మెట్ట వ్యవసాయ పరిశోధనా సంస్థ(క్రీడా) శాస్త్రవేత్తలు బి.బాపూజీరావు, బి.వెంకటేశ్వర్లు విశ్లేషణాత్మక పరిశీలన చేశారు.
 
తమ పరిశోధనలో గమనించిన అంశాలను వారు వెల్లడించారు. అందులో వాతావరణ మార్పులు వరిసాగుపై ఎలా ప్రభావం చూపుతున్నాయన్న దానిపై ఆసక్తికరమైన విషయాలు వెల్లడించారు. వాటి ప్రకారం.. ఇటీవలికాలంలో కృష్ణా, గోదావరి నదుల ఆధారంగా నిర్మించిన ప్రాజెక్టుల నుంచి జూన్, జూలై నెలల్లో విడుదలయ్యే నీటి పరిమాణం బాగా తగ్గిపోయింది. గోదావరి నదికి సంబంధించి జూలైలో విడుదలయ్యే నీటి పరిమాణంలో చెప్పుకోదగ్గ మార్పులు లేనప్పటికీ.. జూన్ చివరలో విడుదలయ్యే నీటి పరిమాణం తగ్గుతోంది. దీంతో ఆయకట్టు అంతటికీ జూలై మొదటి పక్షంలో తగినంత నీరు చేరట్లేదు. కాగా.. ప్రకాశం బ్యారేజీ నుంచి విడుదలయ్యే నీటిని గమనిస్తే.. జూన్, జూలై నెలల్లో విడుదలయ్యే నీటి పరిమాణం తగ్గిపోయింది. దీనివల్ల కృష్ణా, తూర్పు, పశ్చిమ డెల్టాలకు తగినంత నీరు అందట్లేదు. ప్రకాశం బ్యారేజీ నుంచి నీటి విడుదల ఆలస్యమవుతుండడంతో నాట్లూ ఆలస్యమవుతున్నాయి. అయితే ఈ ప్రాంతాల్లో నాట్లు వేసేందుకు వ్యవసాయ వర్సిటీ సిఫారసు చేసిన సమయం జూలై. అలాగే సిఫారసు చేసిన రకాలు.. స్వర్ణ, బీపీటీ, చైతన్య, కృష్ణవేణి. వీటి పంట కాలం 150 నుంచి 165 రోజులు. జూలైలో నాటితే నవంబర్ మొదటి భాగంలో కోతకు వస్తాయి. దీంతో తుఫాన్లు, భారీ వర్షాల బారి నుంచీ తప్పించవచ్చు. అయితే నీటి విడుదలలో జాప్యం కారణంగా సకాలంలో పంట కోతకు రాక.. తుఫాన్ల వల్ల నష్టపోవాల్సి వస్తోంది. మరోవైపు వాతావరణంలో వచ్చిన మార్పులు కూడా నాట్ల ఆలస్యానికి కారణమవుతున్నాయి. నాట్లకు ముందు.. దుక్కి దున్నేందుకు 50 మిల్లీమీటర్లు, దమ్ము చేసేందుకు వంద మిల్లీ మీటర్ల నీరు అవసరం. ఈ నీటి మొత్తానికీ కాల్వల మీద ఆధారపడితే మధ్య, దిగువ ప్రాంతాల్లో నాట్లు ఆలస్యం అయ్యే అవకాశం ఎక్కువగా ఉంది.
ఈ వంద మిల్లీమీటర్ల నీటిలో కొంత భాగం వర్షాల ద్వారా లభిస్తే కాల్వ నీటి మీద ఒత్తిడి తగ్గుతుంది. డెల్టా ప్రాంతాల్లో సకాలంలో నాట్లూ పడతాయి. ఈ అంశంపై పరిశోధనకుగాను 1951 నుంచి 2007 వరకు జూలైలో వర్షపాతం వివరాలను పరిశీలించిన శాస్త్రవేత్తలు.. జూలై నెలలో వంద మిల్లీలీటర్ల వర్షం పడేందుకు పట్టే సమయం గతం కంటే పెరిగిందని గుర్తించారు. ముఖ్యంగా కృష్ణా, గుంటూరు, ఉభయగోదావరి జిల్లాల్లో ఈ తేడా స్పష్టంగా కనిపిస్తోంది. వంద మిల్లీమీటర్ల వర్షం పడేందుకు సమయం ఆలస్యమైన కొద్దీ రోజువారీ పడిన తేలికపాటి వర్షం ఆవిరవుతోంది. దీంతో దమ్ముకు సరిపడా తేమ భూమిలో ఉండడం లేదు. దీంతో దమ్ముకు కావలసిన నీటికోసం కాల్వలపైనే ఆధారపడాల్సి వస్తోంది. కాల్వల ద్వారా లభ్యమయ్యే నీరు ఏటికేడాది తగ్గుతుండడంతో నాట్లు ఆలస్యమవుతున్నాయి. ఉదాహరణకు పశ్చిమ గోదావరి జిల్లా మొగల్తూరులో 100 మిల్లీమీటర్ల వర్షం పడేందుకు 1990ల్లో 14 రోజులు పడితే.. 2000-10లో 26 రోజులు పట్టింది. కొన్నిసార్లు 32-41 రోజులు ఆలస్యమైనట్లు మండలాలవారీ వర్షపాతం వివరాలు చెబుతున్నాయి. సకాలంలో నాట్లు వేయని కారణంగా ఎరువుల మోతాదును పెంచేందుకు సగటున ఎకరానికి రూ.1250 ఖర్చు చేయాల్సి వస్తోంది. కృష్ణా, ఉభయగోదావరి, గుంటూరు జిల్లాలకు సంబంధించి పుణేలోని భారత ఉష్ణదేశ వాతావరణ పరిశోధన సంస్థ కంప్యూటర్ మోడల్స్‌ను పరిశీలించగా.. ప్రస్తుతం కనిపిస్తున్న వాతావరణ మార్పులు 2070 వరకు కొనసాగనున్నట్లు సూచిస్తున్నాయి. దమ్ముకు అవసరమైన 100 మిల్లీమీటర్ల వర్షం పడేందుకు 1960, 1970వ దశకాల్లో ఎంత సమయం పట్టిందో.. 2071-2098 సంవత్సరం కాలంలో అంతే 
అంటే అర్ధ శతాబ్దానికి పైగా ప్రస్తుత వాతావరణ పరిస్థితే కొనసాగుతుందన్నమాట. ఈ నేపథ్యంలో వరి దిగుబడులు తగ్గకుండా, ఖర్చులు పెరగకుండా ప్రణాళికలు రూపొందించుకోవాలని క్రీడా శాస్త్రవేత్తలు సూచిస్తున్నారు. 125 నుంచి 130 రోజుల్లో అధిక దిగుబడినిచ్చే రకాలు సాగు చేసుకోవాలని సూచిస్తున్నారు. తగినంత వర్షాలు పడని సంవత్సరాల్లో వెదజల్లి విత్తే పద్ధతిని ఆచరించాలని, గ్రామీణ విత్తన పథకం తరహాలో గ్రామీణ నారుమడి పథకాన్ని రూపొందించుకోవాలని సూచించారు. పోలవరం ప్రాజెక్టు పూర్తికాకుంటే గోదావరి జిల్లాల్లో నీటి లభ్యత తగ్గే అవకాశం ఉందని, కాబట్టి దాళ్వాలో సాగు చేస్తున్న 7.5 లక్షల ఎకరాల ఆయకట్టును మూడు భాగాలు చేసి.. ఒకదాంట్లో వరికి బదులు అపరాల పంటలను పండించుకోవాలని, తద్వారా నీటి ఎద్దడిని నియంత్రించుకోవచ్చని సూచిం చారు. దీనిని ఏడాదికో ప్రాంతంలో అమలు చేయాలన్నారు.
Courtesy http://www.andhrajyothy.com/node/36622#sthash.Coz4xT8o.dpuf
3
Dec

Gene discovery leads way to more rice

Scientists from Japan and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) have discovered a rice gene that in preliminary testing increased production by 13-36% in modern long-grain indica rice varieties—the world’s most widely grown types of rice.

Dr. Tsutomu Ishimaru is introducing the SPIKE gene