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The Indian government may increase buffer norms for rice and wheat in the central pool to ensure availability of food grains in the country for the implementation of the Food Security Act.
Today, the Cabinet referred a proposal by the National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research (NCAP) to a panel over a possible increase in buffer norms for rice and wheat by around 50% from the current norm of around 21 - 32 million tons of food grains to meet the requirement under the Food Security Act.
It is estimated that India’s food grains requirement under the National Food Security Act will increase to around 62-64 million tons, up from the current 56-60 million tons. The panel includes the Agriculture Minister, the Finance Minister and representatives of the Planning Commission.
Local sources say that increasing buffer norms for rice and wheat does not serve any purpose as current stocks are consistently about 100% than the required norms. Moreover, increasing buffer norms will make open sales of food grains difficult which may lead to higher prices and storage losses. Some experts say that increasing buffer norms for rice and wheat may also force the government to import food grains in a low production year or if domestic procurement does not meet the target.
India's buffer and strategic reserves were last finalized in April 2005. Strategic rice reserves stand at 2 million tons at any point of the year, while it is 3 million tons for wheat. The peak buffer norm for rice is 12.2 million tons as of April 1, while it is 17.1 million tons for wheat as of July 1. About 46% of total rice procurement in India takes place in the quarter October to December and 32.2% in the first quarter of calendar year.
Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/india-government-considers-increase-rice-buffer-norms
HAZARIBAG: The production of rice saw a sharp decline due to erratic rainfall in Hazaribag this year.
The local agriculture office here said this year's production was little over 20 lakh quintals of paddy, which is a deficit of more than five lakh quintals. This in turn has brought down farmers' income drastically.
After preserving the paddy stocks for seeds and also for their own consumption, the target for procurement of rice has come down even further. Speculation is rife about this year's target being much lower compared to the past two years.
Out of a target of 84,000 hectares fixed for cultivation of paddy crops, the crop could not be raised in more than 15,680 hectares of land. These lands remained fallow. For instance, in the entire Chouparan block bordering Gaya and Nawada districts of Bihar, only 5% of paddy could be raised due to severe drought. Paddy was raised in only 44,320 hectares of land in the district due to failure of monsoon.
"In 2010-2011 and 2011-2012, Hazaribag district topped the state for procuring the highest quantum of rice. Also, due to shortfall in the paddy production this year, farmers were forced to sell their paddy at throwaway prices as they wanted to clear their debts. They had borrowed money at high rates of interest. Due to non-functioning of the PACS designated for purchasing and procuring paddy, the middlemen are taking full advantage by luring poor farmers to sell their paddy so that they can clear their loans," said sources.
Though the state announced a support price for procuring rice at Rs 13.10 per kg against Rs 12.50 per kg last year, no arrangements have been made for fixing the responsibility with the concerned PACS centre, which is authorized to purchase the paddy as per policy of the rice procurement drive, said the sources.
So far no initiative has been taken by the district administration to solve the problems of the farmers in selling paddy at a higher rate fixed by the government.
Besides, the target has also been fixed for raising pulses in 8000hectares of land and oilseeds in 12,750 hectares of land respectively.
KORAPUT: Farmers of Koraput district gheraoed the collectorate on Thursday, protesting against massive irregularities at the paddy procurement centres.
They also said the mandis lack basic facilities such as threshing yard, water, rest shed, loading and unloading facilities.
"Of the total paddy procured at a mandi, the regulated marketing committee (RMC) takes 2% of the total amount to provide basic facilities there," said Narendra Kumar Pradhan, secretary of Zilla Krusaka Kalyana Manch (ZKKM), which led the agitation.
He said farmers coming from far-flung areas to sell their produce are not provided night shelter and the mandis do not have sufficient space to stock paddy. Polythene sheets are also not provided to farmers to cover their paddy sacks.
"While procurement agencies should bear loading and unloading costs of paddy and transport it to the mill, farmers are being forced to bear the costs," he alleged. "Middlemen at mandis are a big nuisance. The administration should take adequate steps to prevent entry of middlemen into mandis," he added.
The association has submitted a memorandum to the district administration for an early solution to their demands. "Problems of farmers will be looked into and necessary action taken to ensure that they don't face any problem at the mandis," said collector (Koraput) Sachin Jadhav
Mounting pressure from the farmers to procure paddy not conforming to the fair average quality (FAQ) norms has put the State Government in a fix.
The State has been waiting for nearly two weeks for getting relaxed specifications on the quality of paddy from the Ministry of Agriculture Food Processing to extend its benefit to the farmers affected by untimely rains and floods.
The paddy, which was saved from cyclone-induced rains which lashed the State in the second week of October and consequent floods, is not in conformity with the FAQ norms prescribed by the Centre due to moisture content and discolouring of grains.
Rice not conforming to the FAQ norms will not be accepted by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) for delivery under the public distribution system (PDS). The procured rice has to be consumed within the State without any subsidy support from the Centre, a senior officer of the Food Supplies and Consumer Welfare department said. Political parties and farmers’ organisations are putting pressure on the Government to procure all types of paddy from the farmers at the minimum support price (MSP) announced by the Centre for the current kharif season.
The Centre has fixed ` 1,310 per quintal for common variety of paddy and ` 1,345 per quintal for Grade-A variety as MSP.
In the absence of approved relaxed FAQ norms from the Centre, farmers are demanding MSP for their paddy and this has created unpleasant situation in the mandis. Refusal to accept under quality paddy by the Government agencies has forced the farmers to sell their produce to private traders, a field-level officer of the Cooperative Department said.
Meanwhile, the Central team, which visited a few affected districts in Western Odisha to assess crop damage, has submitted a report to the Food Ministry.
“We are waiting for the Centre’s response to our request for relaxation of FAQ norms,” the officer said, adding that there will be value cut on MSP under relaxed specification.
The State Government has procured 2.11 lakh tonnes of paddy till date as against more than three lakh tonnes during the corresponding period last year.
Farmers who attended the the PhilRice Batac grand field day (FD) held on October 22 were convinced that it is possible to achieve higher yields with lower costs, which is what the Palayabangan: The 10-5 Challenge of the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) wants to demonstrate.
“This seems distant for now, but with the correct technology, it will be possible,” said Leo Inocencio, project leader of PhilRice Batac Palayabangan entry.
Besides PhilRice Batac, the other entries to the Palayabangan Challenge were from SL Agritech and Syngenta.
The FD participants, especially the farmers, eventually agreed that it was possible to achieve 10 tons per hectare with a production cost of P5 per kilo upon viewing the different varieties entered into the competition, namely: NSIC Rc240, NSIC RC224H, NSIC Rc202H, SL18, and NK5070.
The current average yield of rice lands in the Philippines is four tons per hectare of palay (unmilled rice), while cost of inputs is around P11 per kilogram. The Palayabangan: The 10-5 Challenge supports the advocacies of the National Year of Rice (NYR) to help the country attain rice self-sufficiency.
Dr. Paz Monez, Regional Technical Director for Operations of Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Office I, also commended PhilRice Batac for conducting the FD. She said that field days are effective venues to promote different farming production technologies. She also encouraged farmers to adopt new technologies to improve their yields and income.
Among those who gained knowledge and information during the FD on raising yields for rice farms was Jesus Asuncion of Malibcong, Abra.
He is now confident that their one- to two-ton per hectare yield in Malibcong will increase with the adoption of the practices and information they obtained from the field day.
Asuncion is an active farmer-partner of PhilRice Batac, Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Office for the Cordillera Administrative Region, Office of the Provincial Agriculturist of Abra, and the Local Government Unit-Malibcong collaborative project, “Development of Appropriate Farming Systems for the Uplands of Abra through the Palayamanan.”
The worst affected areas are Karje, Kenjoor, Kalathur-Santhekatte, Kokkarne, Hebri, Nitte, Shirlal, Ajekar, Perdoor, Bairampally and Shivapura in Udupi district.
1,000 hectares of crop damaged by white-backed planthopper in Udupi
The attack of white-backed planthopper (Sogatella furcifera) on paddy saplings has caught farmers in Udupi district unawares.
Joint Director of Agriculture Anthony Maria Immanuel said 1,000 hectares of transplanted and directly sown paddy and 100 hectares of paddy nursery had been damaged in the attack by white-backed planthopper in the district. The large-scale damage to the paddy crop this season is being attributed to the late sowing of paddy. There was about a month’s delay in sowing. “Had this delay been avoided, the damage would not have been severe. The farmers never anticipated an attack by this pest as it was not seen in this region before,” Mr. Immanuel said.
Nearly 7,000 hectares of paddy is sown as rabi and summer crop (October, November) in the district. In contrast, for kharif (June, July), paddy is sown on about 45,000 hectares.
The increased acreage of paddy for kharif is season because of the monsoon; whereas for rabi and summer crops, farmers have to depend on canals, rivulets and other irrigation facilities. This year so far, paddy sowing is over only on 3,000 hectares of land.
Apart for the pest attack, the unexpected rain on November 27 added to the woes of the farmers. The worst affected areas in the district include Karje, Kenjoor, Kalathur-Santhekatte, Kokkarne, Hebri, Nitte, Shirlal, Ajekar, Perdoor, Bairampally, and Shivapura.
Suresh P., a farmer in Gundyadka village, said that he cultivated paddy on two acres.
Half of his crop is destroyed in the attack. “I used to get 15 quintals of paddy from my land. But I will be lucky if I get half of it this time. I have never seen such a loss in the last two decades years,” he said.
Shailaja Bhat, a farmer in Hatrabail village, said that she cultivated paddy on one acre of land. But nearly three-fourths of it is damaged due to the pest. “I used to get 12 quintals of paddy. Now it would be an achievement, even if I get three quintals,” she said.
P. Radhakrishna, a farmer, who cultivated paddy on 1.5 acres in Belapady village, said that his crop almost destroyed. “Rabi-summer crop used to yield 20 quintals for me. Now I will not get even one quintal. I have decided not to invest more on my paddy crop,” he said.
B.V. Poojary, president of district unit of the Bharatiya Kisan Sangha, demanded compensation from the government to the affected paddy farmers in the district.
A team of scientists from Zonal Agricultural Research Station (ZARS), Brahmavar, and officials from the Department of Agriculture have visited the worst affected areas and informed the farmers about the measures to be taken to check the damage.
According to S.U. Patil, Associate Professor (Entomology) at ZARS, fields amid forests were most affected by the pest because of high humidity. Temperature between 22 degrees centigrade and 27 degrees centigrade was conducive for the pest. The best way to check the pest was to drain out the water on the field to reduce humidity, reduction in application of nitrogen-based fertilizers, and use of granular insecticide like (carbosulfan at 1 kg/ha or carbofuron 3G at 8 kg/ha) to safeguard natural enemies, and leaving one row free after every 15 rows of planting for easy circulation of air.
“In case of severe incidence of pest, the only alternative is to spray chemical insecticides (acephate 1 gram and dichlorovas 1 ml per litre of water). But farmers should use this measure as the last resort,” he said.
BANGALORE: The government on Thursday decided not to buy rice for its Anna Bhagya scheme from Chhattisgarh or other states. Instead, it plans to meet the requirements by introducing the levy system for mill owners in Karnataka, and by hiking the minimum support price (MSP) for rice purchased directly from farmers.
Under the levy system, mill owners have to provide some quantum of rice depending on their hulling capacity. The target fixed to procure rice under the levy system is 5 lakh tonne per year. The MSP fixed to purchase rice from mill owners is Rs 2,400 per quintal. This is on the assumption that the Centre's MSP, to be announced in January, will be Rs 2,000 per quintal.
Law minister TB Jayachandra on Thursday said since Sona Masuri rice grown in Raichur and Koppal districts is generally exported, the MSP has been fixed at Rs 2,000 per quintal. For rice purchased from other districts, the rate has been enhanced from Rs 1,310 to Rs 1,600 per quintal.
Jayachandra said at present the government is purchasing rice from Chhattisgarh at Rs 29 per kg, and this will be stopped.
Timetable for PDS shops: To streamline distribution of rice under Anna Bhagya scheme, the government has introduced 'paditara khatri' (confirmed availability), under which ration shops across the state will have to remain open for the first 10 days of every month, even if it's a Sunday. This will come into effect from January 1.
To fight malnutrition among children, milk will be provided to students from Classes 1 to 10 for which Rs 314 crore has been sanctioned. The government intends to provide 150 ml of milk per child for 62 lakh schoolchildren. The scheme has already been implemented for 35 lakh anganwadi children.
Besides helping fight malnutrition, the programme will help KMF dispose off excess milk of about 4 lakh litres and about 40 MT mik powder. The milk federation collects excess milk.
Private purchase at low rates jumps, says Mandi Board.
Discoloured paddy due to untimely rainfall have brought losses to Punjab farmers this season because it coincided with higher purchases by private agencies, which usually pay less. Such purchases picked up from 23.39 lakh tonnes last paddy season to 28.95 lakh tonnes this season, a jump of about 24 per cent.
Paddy procurement by government agencies has dropped five per cent, as compared to the last paddy season.
Looking at the figures, Mandi (market) Board chairman Ajmer Singh Lakhowal has asked officials to conduct an inquiry to find where paddy procured by private purchasers has been stocked so that they can establish the price at which they procured it from farmers and how it differs from the price at which they are putting it on sale.
Mandi Board records say though the government had set a minimum support price of Rs 1,345 per quintal, the actual price has fallen as low as Rs 1,285 per quintal. A few varieties got up to Rs 2,500 per quintal.
Purchases at low cost were made by private agencies alone, board sources say. They alleged that some agencies sought to cover up high sales, and cited the example of a sale of 135 bags being shown as 130 bags to remove all traces of purchases below the MSP.
Lakhowal says, "In the absence of any complaints from farmers, we are not able to act against any agency in particular. But we are investigating this racket at our own level because figures indicate that purchase by private agencies jumped 24 per cent, and our survey reveals that over 15 per cent paddy was sold below the MSP."
As per the data till December 10, purchase by government agencies this year was 121.20 lakh tonnes against 127.39 lakh tonnes last year, a decrease of 5%. Farmers have already protested at various mandis over poor paddy procurement this season and over poor prices.
-వేసవిలో లోతుగా దుక్కులు దున్నండి
-సస్యరక్షణ చర్యలు పాటించండి
-ఏపీజీవీబీ ఆధ్వర్యంలో మెగా రైతు సదస్సులో ఏరువాక కేంద్రం శాస్త్రవేత్త లవకుమార్రెడ్డి
పుల్కల్, డిసెంబర్ 12 (టీ మీడియా) : వరి నాటేటప్పుడు సాళ్ల పద్ధతిలో నాటుతూ ప్రతి రెండు మీటర్లకు ఫీటు ఎడమ ఉండేటట్లు చూడాలని, ప్రతి పంటలో బొట్టు పద్ధతి పాటించినట్లయితే అధిక మొత్తంలో ఖర్చు తగ్గడంతోపాటు అధిక దిగుబడి వస్తుందని ఏరువాక కేంద్రం డాట్ శాస్త్రవేత్త ఎం.లవకుమార్డ్డి రైతులకు సూచించారు. గురువారం ఏపీజీవీబీ పుల్కల్ శాఖ ఆధ్వర్యంలో మండల అభివృద్ధి కార్యాలయంలో మెగా రైతు సదస్సు నిర్వహించారు. ఈ సందర్భంగా ఆయన మాట్లాడుతూ సేంద్రియ ఎరువుల వాడకం వల్ల అధిక దిగుబడులను పొందవచ్చని అన్నారు. వేసవిలో తప్పని సరిగా లోతు దుక్కులు దున్నితే చీడపీడల నుంచి పంటలను కాపాడుకోవచ్చన్నారు. ప్రతి రెండు సంవత్సరాలకు పంటమార్పిడి చేసినట్లయితే దిగుబడి పెరుగుతుందన్నారు.
వరి నారు మడుల్లో తూకం వేసేటప్పుడు కార్బోపిరాన్ గుళికలు తప్పకుండా వేసుకోవాలన్నారు. ప్రస్తుత వాతావరణ పరిస్థితులను దృష్టిలో ఉంచుకుని అదునాతన పద్ధతితోపాటు సేంద్రియ ఎరువులను వాడి అధిక దిగుబడులను పొందాలన్నారు. ఏపీజీవీబీ పుల్కల్ శాఖ మేనేజర్ రమేశ్ అధ్యక్షతన జరిగిన ఈ కార్యక్షికమంలో శాస్త్రవేత్త శ్రీనివాస్, ఏపీజీవీబీ సంగాడ్డి ఏరియా మేనేజర్ మనోహర్డ్డి, ఎంపీడీవో హేమలత, అధికారులు యాదయ్య, పీల్డ్ ఆఫీసర్ నాగేందర్, మండలంలోని అన్ని గ్రామాల సర్పంచులు, రైతులు పాల్గొన్నారు.
ఖరీఫ్ వరి కోతలు ముగుస్తున్నాయి. పడుగులు, కల్లాలు మొదలుకుని ధాన్యం మార్కెట్కు తీసుకుపోవడం తదితర పనుల్లో రైతులు తలమునకలై ఉన్నారు. మరికొద్ది రోజుల్లో సాగర్ ఆయకట్టులో రబీకి నీరు విడుదల కానుండడంతో నారుమళ్లు సైతం సిద్ధం చేసుకుంటున్నారు. నారు పెంపకంలో సరైన యాజమాన్య పద్ధతులు, వ్యవసాయ శాస్త్రవేత్తల సూచనలు తీసుకుంటే ఆశించిన దిగుబడి సాధించవచ్చు. ఏ మాత్రం అజాక్షిగత్తగా ఉన్నా పంటకు చీడపీడలు సోకే అవకాశాలున్నాయి.
- టీ మీడియా, త్రిపురారం
రైతులు నారుమడులను పెంచుకోవడం కోసం ఎకరానికు 25కేజీల నుంచి 30 కేజీల విత్తనాలు అవసరం. నాణ్యమైన విత్తనాలు ఎంచుకుని కిలో విత్తనాల్లో వగాముల కార్బండిజమ్ పౌడర్ కలుపుకుని 24గంటల తరువాత నారుమడిలో చల్లుకోవాలి. అదే దుంపనారుమళ్లయితే లీటరు నీటికి గ్రాము కార్బండిజమ్ కలిపి ఆ ద్రావణంలో విత్తనాలను 24గంటలు నానబెట్టాలి. 24 గంటలు మండెకట్టి మొలకలను చల్లుకోవాలి. కిలో విత్తనాలు నానబెట్టడానికి లీటరు మందునీరు చొప్పున 30కిలోల విత్తనాలు నానబెట్టడానికి 30కిలోల మందునీరును తయారుచేసుకోవాలి.
రబీలో నారుమడిని చల్లుకోవడం కంటే ముందుగా పశువుల ఎరువును వేసుకుంటే నారు మంచిగా పెరుగుతుంది.
పశువుల ఎరువుతో పాటుగా డీఏపీ లేదా ఎస్ఎస్పీని తగిన మోతాదులో చల్లుకోవాలి.
రాత్రి వేళల్లో నీటిని తీసివేసి పగటిపూట మాత్రమే నీటిని పెట్టుకోవాలి.
చలిబాగా ఉండడం వలన నారుమడులపై మంచు బాగా పడుతూ ఉంటుంది. మంచు పడితే నారు అంతా కూడా చలికి ఎర్రగా మారి పెరుగుదల ఆగిపోతుంది. కాబట్టి నారుమడులపై రాత్రి సమయాలలో టార్బెల్స్ను కప్పుకోవడం వలన నారుమడులను మంచు, చలి నుంచి రక్షించవచ్చు. దీని వలన నారుమడులు ఆరోగ్యవంతంగా పెరుగుతాయి.
నారు అంతా వత్తుగా కాకుండా పలుచగా బెడ్లాగా ఎత్తుగా తయారుచేసి నీరు పెట్టడానికి,
తీయడానికి వీలుగా కాలువలను ఏర్పాటు చేసుకోవాలి. ఒక సెంట్ భూమికి సుమారు 5కిలోల చొప్పున విత్తనాలను చల్లుకోవాలి.
-5సెంట్ల నారుమడికి 2కిలోల యూరియా, 2కిలోల డీఏపీ, కేజీన్నర పొటాష్ దుక్కిలో చల్లుకోవాలి. విత్తిన 12నుంచి 14 రోజులకు 2కిలోల యూరియా మరల వేసుకోవాలి.
నారు ఒక ఆకు పూర్తిగా పురివిచ్చుకునే వరకు ఆరు తడులు నీరు ఇచ్చి తరువాత పలుచగా నీరు కట్టాలి.
విత్తిన 10 రోజులకు కార్బోప్యూరేన్ 3జి గుళికలు సెంటు నారుమడికి 160 గ్రాములు చొప్పున చల్లుకోవాలి.
నారుమడిలో ఊద నిర్మూలన కొరకు బూటాక్లోర్ కలుపుమందును 7.5 మిల్లీ లీటరును లీటరు నీటిలో కలిపి పిచికారీ చేసుకోవాలి.
ఎంటీయూ 1010వేసే రైతులు 25 రోజుల నారును, బీపీటీ 5204 వేసే రైతులు 30 నుంచి 35 రోజుల నారు నాటు వేసుకోవాలి.
నారు ముదిరిపోయినా, పిలక కట్టినా దిగుబడి తగ్గిపోతుంది.
ఎంటీయూ 1010వేసే రైతులు చదరపు మీటరుకు 44 వరకు కుదుళ్లు వచ్చేటట్లు చూసుకోవాలి. అదే విధంగా బీపీటీ 5204 వేసే రైతులు చదరపు మీటరుకు 33కుదుళ్లు వచ్చేలా చూసుకుంటే అధిక దిగుబడి సాధించవచ్చు.
మండలంలో కంపసాగర్ గ్రామంలోని ఆచార్య ఎన్జీ రంగా, కృషి విజ్ఞాన కేంద్రంలో రబీకి వరి నారుమడులు సిద్ధం చేస్తున్నారు. కొత్తవంగడాలపై ఇక్కడ నిత్యం పరిశోధనలు కొనసాగిస్తూ ఉంటారు. సుమారు 150ఎకరాల్లో వరి సాగుచేసేందుకు పనులు ప్రారంభించారు. ఇక్కడ పాలిటెక్నిక్ విద్య అభ్యసిస్తున్న విద్యార్థులకు ప్రయోగాత్మక విద్యనందిస్తుంటారు. వరిసాగులో దుక్కులు దున్నుకోవడం, నారుమడులు చల్లుకోవడం, పంట నూర్పిడి, ధాన్యం నిల్వ తదితర అంశాలపై విద్యార్థులకు ప్రయోగాత్మకంగా విద్యనందిస్తారు. వరిసాగులో భాగంగా ఖరీఫ్ ముగిసిపోయి రబీ ప్రారంభమవుతుండడంతో నారుమడులను సిద్ధం చేస్తున్నారు.
A team of Tamil Nadu government officials visited Bangarpet town in Kolar district on Wednesday to check what they said illegal transportation of free rice meant for the poor of that State.
The officials appealed to rice mill owners in the taluk not to purchase the rice which was being transported illegally into Karnataka.
The team visited Bangarpet as part of a mission of the Tamil Nadu government to create awareness among rice mill owners in border States against purchasing rice meant for free distribution among the poor through the Public Distribution System.
It was suspected that 38,000 tonnes of rice meant for distribution among the poor in Tamil Nadu reaches Bangarpet through various points. A number of rice mill owners here purchase the rice at Rs. 10 to Rs. 12 a kg and polish it and re-sell in the market at Rs. 30 a kg, it was said.
The team consisting of about two dozen officials held a meeting at the Agriculture Produce Marketing Committee yard in Bangarpet on Wednesday. Local police officials and rice mill owners participated in the meeting, Circle Inspector of Police G.N. Venkatachalapathy told The Hindu .
However, rice mill owners reportedly objected to the action of the Tamil Nadu government team. They expressed displeasure over the move which they said cast aspersions on rice mills in Karnataka.
“Let the Tamil Nadu government set up check points in border areas to prevent any illegal transportation of PDS rice meant for the poor. It should first take action against officials who colluded with illegal traders,” the merchants are believed to have told the team.
However, Mr. Venkatachalapathy told the visiting officials that steps will be taken to detect illegal haulage of rice and seize it.
Karnal, Dec. 12:
The rice market is likely to rule without much change on account of steady demand and ample stocks in the coming days, said trade experts.
With not much trading taking place in the market, prices of almost all the varieties remained unchanged on Thursday.