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सुरेश उपाध्याय, नई दिल्ली :
धान की एक ऐसी किस्म का विकास किया गया है जो इसके उत्पादन में 30 से 40 फीसदी तक की बढ़ोतरी कर सकती है। इंडियन काउंसिल ऑफ एग्रिकल्चरल रिसर्च की हैदराबाद इकाई के वैज्ञानिकों ने इस नई किस्म का विकास किया है। अभी देश में हर साल करीब सवा 10 करोड़ टन धान पैदा होता है। नई किस्म भारत को धान उत्पादन के मामले में एक नए मुकाम पर पहुंचा सकती है।
धान की नई किस्म का विकास करने वाली टीम से जुड़े वैज्ञानिक कुतुबुद्दीन मौला बताते हैं कि लीफ और सीड ब्लाइट के कारण भारत में हर साल धान की 30 से 40 फीसदी फसल बर्बाद हो जाती है। इस बर्बादी को रोकने के लिए उनके संस्थान ने धान की जिस नई किस्म का विकास किया है वह लीफ और सीड ब्लाइट से निपटने में काफी कारगर पाई गई है। इसके कारण किसानों का इस रोग से निपटने के लिए कीटनाशकों पर होने वाला खर्च तो बचता ही है, पर्यावरण का भी भला होता है। वैज्ञानिकों की जिस टीम ने इस नई किस्म का विकास किया है, उसकी अगुवाई डॉ. के. दत्ता कर रहे हैं। इस नई प्रजाति पर अभी काम जारी है। उम्मीद है इससे अभी और बेहतर नतीजे हासिल किए जा सकते हैं।
धान की फसल को लीफ और सीड ब्लाइट से भारी खतरा रहता है। इसमें धान के पत्ते और बीज झुलस जाते हैं। इसे झुलसा रोग भी कहते हैं। इसकी वजह बैक्टीरिया और फंगस होते हैं, जो धान को नुकसान पहुंचाते हैं। पत्तों को नुकसान पहुंचने से धान का पौधा अपना भोजन नहीं बना पाता, जिससे वह वक्त से पहले ही नष्ट हो जाता है। बीज पर बैक्टीरिया या फंगस का अटैक होने पर उसका विकास नहीं हो पाता। इसके कारण या तो बीज बन ही नहीं पाता या फिर उसका पूरी तरह से विकास नहीं हो पाता। वातावरण में नमी होने पर लीफ और सीड ब्लाइट का खतरा बढ़ जाता है। इससे निपटने के लिए किसानों को बड़ी मात्रा में पेस्टिसाइड्स का इस्तेमाल करना पड़ता है। इससे उन पर आर्थिक बोझ तो बढ़ता ही है, साथ ही ये पेस्टिसाइड्स पर्यावरण के लिए भी बड़ा खतरा बनते हैं। इसके साथ ही इनके इस्तेमाल से मिट्टी की क्वॉलिटी भी खराब हो जाती है।
Courtesy : http://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/india/national-india/-30-40--/artic...
The Agriculture Department and Krishi Vigyan Kendra of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (KVK-TNAU) have stepped in to help farmers, who were struggling to save standing paddy crop by buying water.
After ‘The Hindu’ reported the plight of the farmers fighting hard to save the crop at the terminal stage in Erumaipatti, Naranamangalam and Mudhunal in Ramanathapuram block, officials of the department and the KVK have come to the rescue of the farmers.
Farmers in these areas had managed to bring up the crop for the first 60 days, using water from nearby waterbodies, but found it difficult after the water level in the irrigation tanks went low. While a section of them hired diesel engines for Rs.200 an hour to pump water, others left the crop to wither away.
As the tanks went dry and the crop, cultivated on about 100 acres in Erumaipatti and Naranamangalam areas and about 70 acres in Mudhunal were at the terminal stage, the farmers became desperate and hired water tankers paying Rs.1,200 for 6,000 litres of water.
Reacting to the report, R. Ramasamy Pandian, Assistant Director of the Agriculture Department (Ramanathapuram block), visited the areas and coordinated with the KVK to spray Pink Pigmented Facultative Methylotroph (PPFM) bacteria to mitigate drought and save the crop.
The KVK sprayed the PPFM on about 15 acres at Erumaipatti and Naranamangalam and about 10 acres in Mudhunal, free of cost, demonstrating the efficacy of the spray to mitigate drought even as the farmers substituted it with life-saving irrigation, R. Durai Singh, Programme Coordinator, KVK-TNAU, said here on Friday. The farmers were encouraged to spray the PPFM, by spending about Rs.200 an acre, he said.
As the farmers could not judiciously use the water from tankers, the KVK helped them with mini mobile sprinklers. By letting out the water from the tankers, the farmers could irrigate only about 20 cents in an acre, but by using the mobile sprinklers they could use one tanker of water for the entire one-acre area, Mr.Durai Singh told ‘The Hindu.’
R. Balasundaramurthy, a progressive farmer in Mudhunal, said farmers who had cultivated paddy crop on about 70 acres in the area could save it only on 10 acres.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/officials-...
With the closure of all the 17 irrigation channels in Cumbum Valley, paddy crop on 14,707 acres in the valley and 5,000 acres irrigated by Thanthai Periyar Channel has started withering.
“Farmers harvested 10.14 tonnes per hectare, the highest in the State, during the last season. But, we may harvest only half the quantity now. The production loss is estimated at 80,000 tonnes,” say members of Cumbum Farmers Association.
The worst-affected are farmers in Gudalur and Cumbum blocks, where the crop is 80 days old. One wetting with the release of 25 cusecs of water for five days will suffice to protect the crop on 2,000 acres, they say.
In other areas, the crop is 35 to 60 days old. It requires water for 45 to 60 days. The farmers will lose Rs.25,000 to Rs.35,000 per acre, they add.
They say PWD officials refuse to release Periyar dam water for irrigation.
The level in the dam stood at 111 feet, and water can be released till it reaches 104 feet.
The officials want water to meet the drinking water needs of 65 lakh people living in Madurai, seven municipalities, 736 town panchayats and over 2,000 panchayats in five southern districts till June.
Poor planning, lethargic attitude of the government, violation of government orders, excessive political intervention in releasing water and illegal tapping in the Periyar river are the reasons for the present situation, the valley farmers say.
The PWD had drawn water from Periyar dam to improve Vaigai dam storage level, expecting rain in October and November, but there was no rain.
They released water from Vaigai to irrigate the first crop in Madurai district in June, instead of September as done normally, says progressive farmer A. Abbas.
Illegal tapping is also rampant in Periyar river. Kerala is drawing a lot of water from leading supply channel of Periyar river. But Tamil Nadu did not prevent it. Over 25,000 oil pumps are used to draw water illegally from the Periyar river between Gudalur and PC Patti to save perennial and cash crops, allege farmers.
“We are tired of staging protests demanding water, as the government has failed to understand the situation,” says H. Sowber Ai, secretary, Periyar Irrigation Farmers Association, Uthamapalayam.
“Now the paddy crop is at milking stage in Uthamapalayam,” he noted.
Good news for paddy farmers! They can now doubly benefit by growing an additional crop without incurring extra cost, apart from contributing to the nation’s fuel needs.
A student of Ph.D at the Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bangalore, has devised a technique to grow paddy along with an oil-producing algae, which helps farmers earn additional income.
Termed ‘Algiculture’, it is a sustainable method of algae cultivation in paddy fields. The interesting part is that it requires no additional land, water or nutrients. “Algiculture has the potential to benefit farming, especially in semi-arid regions, by offering an opportunity to farmers to attempt multiple-cropping and simultaneous generation of algal bio-fuel,” says Abitha, the student.
While paddy grows to be harvested, the new method allows farmers to raise an additional 100 kg algae in a hectare. In two months, it produces nearly six tonnes of algae that can be used as bio-fuel, as algae is looked upon as a source of renewable bio-fuel.
Abitha’s path-breaking project was the second runner-up at the innovation competition, ‘Power of Shunya : Challenge for Zero’, organised by DuPont. She teamed up with Vikas Gujral from Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad, to win the Rs. 2.5 lakh prize money.
In the new technique, algae rise as floating ‘flocs’ that are harvested every afternoon and sent for drying, oil extraction and cattle feed supplement. The dung is finally deposited in the paddy field for higher sustainability.
Abitha has successfully completed a pilot project at Tumkur in Karnataka. “Following its success, all farmers in the area are now keen to follow it, as it is not only financially beneficial but also enriches their land with nutrients.”
According to her, paddy is cultivated in 44 million hectares in the country, and even if 17 per cent of it is used for ‘algiculture’, India’s fuel needs can be met with no additional energy input.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/an-inn...
रायपुर :राष्ट्रपति प्रणब मुखर्जी ने छत्तीसगढ़ को वर्ष 2012-13 में देश में धान उत्पादन में सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रदर्शन के लिए कृषि कर्मण पुरस्कार से नवाजा है। यह पुरस्कार आज नई दिल्ली के विज्ञान भवन में आयोजित गरिमामय कार्यक्रम में राष्ट्रीपति प्रणब मुखर्जी की ओर से प्रदान किया गया।
मुख्यमंत्री के प्रतिनिधि के रूप में प्रदेश के कृषि मंत्री बृजमोहन अग्रवाल ने राष्ट्रपति के हाथों यह पुरस्कार ग्रहण किया। मुख्यमंत्री डा. रमन सिंह ने राज्य को लगातार दूसरी बार राष्ट्रीय कृषि कर्मण पुरस्कार मिलने पर प्रदेश के किसानों को बधाई और शुभकामनाएं दी है। मुख्यमंत्री ने कहा है कि हमारे किसानों की कड़ी मेहनत से ही प्रदेश को यह गौरव प्राप्त हुआ है। इसके पहले 16 जुलाई 2011 को भी छत्तीसगढ़ को केन्द्र सरकार की ओर से कृषि कर्मण पुरस्कार से नवाजा जा चुका है। उस वक्त मुख्यमंत्री डा. रमन सिंह ने प्रधानमंत्री डा. मनमोहन सिंह के हाथों यह पुरस्कार ग्रहण किया था। राष्ट्रपति मुखर्जी ने नई दिल्ली के विज्ञान भवन में आयोजित कृषि-वानिकी सम्मेलन में प्रदेश के कृषि मंत्री बृजमोहन अग्रवाल को प्रदेश के किसानों के लिए यह पुरस्कार सौंपा। राष्ट्रपति ने इस उपलब्धि के लिए छत्तीसगढ़ सरकार और राज्य के किसानों को बधाई दी। इस अवसर पर छत्तीसगढ़ के दो किसानों- जांजगीर-चांपा जिले के ग्राम जाजंग निवासी सुशीला गबेल और धमतरी जिले के ग्राम जुगदेही निवासी भोलाराम साहू को धान की खेती में सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रदर्शन और सर्वाधिक उत्पादन के लिए पुरस्कृत किया। समारोह में केन्द्रीय कृषि मंत्री शरद पवार, केन्द्रीय पर्यावरण एवं पेट्रोलियम मंत्री वीरप्पा मोईली, मध्यप्रदेश, बिहार, मेघालय, उड़ीसा और मणिपुर के मुख्यमंत्रियों सहित देश के विभिन्न राज्यों के कृषि वैज्ञानिक, छत्तीसगढ़ सरकार के अपर मुख्य सचिव एवं कृषि उत्पादन आयुक्त अजय सिंह, संचालक कृषि पीआर कृदत्ता और प्रदेश के पूर्व कृषि मंत्री चन्द्रशेखर साहू भी मौजूद थे।
छत्तीसगढ़ के कृषि मंत्री बृजमोहन अग्रवाल ने इस मौके पर बताया कि राज्य को सर्वाधिक चावल उत्पादन के लिए दूसरी बार कृषि कर्मण पुरस्कार प्रदान किया है। राज्य में धान के उत्पादन में 71 फीसदी की बढ़ोतरी दर्ज की गई है, जो कि विकास का सूचक है। वर्ष 2011 में राज्य में धान का उत्पादन 1751 किलोग्राम प्रति हेक्टेयर था, जो 2012-13 में बढ़कर किलोग्राम प्रति हेक्टेयर हो गया। कृषि मंत्री बृजमोहन अग्रवाल ने यह पुरस्कार राज्य के मेहनतकश किसानों को समर्पित किया है। उन्होंने कहा कि मुख्यमंत्री डा. रमन सिंह के नेतृत्व में राज्य सरकार ने किसानों की बेहतरी के लिए कई पहल की हैं। जिनमें धान के एक-एक दाने की खरीद, संपूर्ण खाद्य आपूर्ति श्रृंखला का सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रबंधन पिछले दस सालों में धान की खरीद के लिए किसानों को 43000 करोड़ का भुगतान किया है। उल्लेखनीय है कि मुख्यमंत्री डा. रमन सिंह के नेतृत्व में राज्य शासन की ओर से नए वित्तीय वर्ष 2014-15 के बजट में खेती और उससे जुडे़ विभिन्न क्षेत्रों के लिए आठ हजार 459 करोड़ का प्रावधान किया है। इसमें से 4 हजार 102 करोड़ कृषि और उद्यानिकी में खर्च किए जाएंगे। प्राथमिक सहकारी समितियों से राज्य शासन की ओर से किसानों को अब तक एक प्रतिषत ब्याज पर अल्पकालीन कृषि ऋणों की सुविधा दी जा रही थी, अब किसानों को इन समितियों से ब्याज मुक्त ऋण मिलेगा। धान पर 300 रुपये प्रति क्विंटल की दर से बोनस देने का प्रावधान भी नये बजट में किया गया है।
विगत दस वर्षों में कृषि ऋणों की ब्याज दरों मे निरंतर कमी, सिंचाई के लिए पांच हार्स पावर तक सिंचाई पम्पों को सालाना साढ़े सात हजार यूनिट निःशुल्क बिजली, सहकारी समितियों में धान खरीदी की सर्वोत्तम व्यवस्था, कृषि उपकरणों पर आकर्षण अनुदान जैसी योजनाओं से राज्य के किसानों में खेती के लिए नये उत्साह के साथ आत्मविश्वास जागृत हुआ है। और वे अधिक से अधिक मेहनत करके राष्ट्र के कृषि उत्पादन में अपना महत्वपूर्ण योगदान दे रहे हैं।
Courtesy : http://www.nayaindia.com
Farmers are desperately in need of the Tamirabharani water to save standing paddy crop.
To safeguard the livelihoods of paddy farmers, water is required to irrigate paddy fields, according to K.P. Perumal, district secretary, Tamil Nadu Vivasayigal Sangam.
At this critical stage, the farmers were looking forward to get water for irrigation at least in two spells. The standing paddy crop had attained ear head emergence and milky stage and hence water is the need of the hour. The northeast monsoon failure had already dashed the hopes of farmers this year also, who were now largely dependent on irrigated farming.
On the wetland ayacut, paddy cultivation was normally taken up on 18,000 to 20,000 acres. “The entire district has 46, 000 acres of ayacut covered under irrigation system. Apart from paddy, the farmers are also pinning their hopes on banana cultivation,” he said here on Tuesday. Fifteen to thirty quintals of paddy yield could be got if sufficient water was released to irrigate the paddy fields, he added.
Farmers in the tail-end regions in Korampallam were bearing the brunt of inaccessibility to water.
N.K. Dhakshinamoorthy, Joint Director of Agriculture, Tuticorin, told ‘The Hindu’ that to avoid moisture stress and ensure better yield of paddy, water resources were essentially required especially at the tail-end regions at this stage. About 1, 500 acres to 1, 800 acres of paddy crop were in flowering and milky stages in the tail-end regions in Korampallam, Mr. Dhakshinamoorthy said.
Four blocks including Alwarthirunagari, Karungulam, Tiruchendur, Srivaikuntam and some parts of Pudukottai had been identified as potential irrigation pockets in the district.
Cultivation of paddy, millets and rice fallow pulses would be taken up under State-sponsored summer programme after ‘pisanam’ season. Under the summer package of food grain mission, paddy cultivation is expected to cover 2, 500 ha, millets on 4, 500 ha and rice fallow pulses on 12, 500 ha. Soil with residual moisture would be conducive to raise these crops.
The officials from Department of Agriculture had been streamlining activities to achieve the objective of good yield of produce, hopefully. The farmers in these identified blocks would be trained on suitable methods of cultivation and better management practices to achieve the desired results, the Joint Director said.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/farmers-ba...
Under the support price policy of Chhattisgarh, cash and linking purchase of paddy from farmers at procurement centres of all Primary Agriculture Credit Cooperative Societies during the Kharif marketing year 2013-14 will be completed by February 15. On the last date of paddy purchase, any kind of slip regarding paddy purchase will not be issued.
According to an official press statement issued here on Monday, whatever paddy reaches for sale in the procurement centres till 5 pm in the evening of the last day of purchase, would be weighed and purchased up to 7 pm. At 7 pm, Samiti’s software will automatically be locked. The Food Civil Supplies and Consumer Protection department has issued necessary guidance in this respect to all collectors of the State.
Secretary, Food department, Vikassheel, said in the circular that cash and linking purchase of paddy under the support price policy of the state has been scheduled up to February 15. The National Informatics Centre (NIC) will issue separate version 14.7 on February 11 for paddy purchase on the last day. All the procurement centres were asked to download the version from the departmental website and install up to February 13.
It has been said in the circular to issue clear instructions to the nodal officers appointed for the procurement centres to be present at the centres from February 13 to 15 and to ensure weighing of paddy under their observation. The nodal officer, after the locking of software in the procurement centre on February 15 at 7 pm, will take the stock report of paddy and gunny bags and after physical verification will make its entry in the software of the society. Only after the stock entry, paddy will be lifted from the society.
It has been said in the circular that a ban has been imposed on issue of new DO for the supply of paddy to rice millers from the societies of all districts. Only after physical verification of stock and its entry by the nodal officers, new DO should be issued to supply paddy from the society to rice millers.
Courtesy : http://www.dailypioneer.com/state-editions/raipur/paddy-procurement-at-s...
India’s total rice (basmati and non-basmati) exports in April - November of the fiscal year 2013-14 (April 2013 - March 2014) have increased to around 7 million tons, up about 10% from around 6.39 million tons exported during the corresponding period in the FY 2012-13, according to provisional data by the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA). At the current pace, India’s total rice exports are expected to reach around 10.5 million tons in FY 2013-14, up about 3% compared to around 10.15 million tons exported in FY 2012-13.
In value terms, India’s total rice exports have increased sharply to around Rs. 291,243 crore (around $4.884 billion) during April – November 2013, up about 44% from around Rs. 202,846 crore (around $3.716 billion) in the same period in FY 2012-13. In USD terms, value of rice exports grew by 31% during April – November 2013.
India's basmati rice exports have increased to around 2.37 million tons in April - November 2013, up about 11% from about 2.13 million tons exported in the same period in FY 2012-13. In value terms, basmati rice exports surged to about Rs.17,529 crore (around $2.962 billion) during the first eight months of FY 2013-14, up about 56% from around Rs.11,219 crore (around $2.055 billion) earned in the same period in FY 2012-13. In USD terms, India’s basmati rice exports grew by 44% in April – November FY 2013-14.
India’s non-basmati rice exports in April - November 2013 increased to around 4.65 million tons, up about 9% from around 4.26 million tons recorded in the same period in FY 2012-13. In value terms, non-basmati rice exports earned about Rs.11,595 crore (around $1.921 billion), up about 28% from around Rs.9,066 crore (around $1.661 billion) in the same period in FY 2012-13. In dollar terms, non-basmati rice exports grew by 16% during the period.
Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/rice-news/india-exports-7-million-tons-rice-april-...
Hyderabad, February 10: The foodgrain output in the State is set to touch a record high of 207.29 lakh tonnes in spite of three cyclones — Phailin, Helen and Lehar impacting the State.
This is against 204.21 lakh tonnes in 2008-09. In 2012-13, the output was 187.37 lakh tonnes, according to Finance Minister Anam Ramanarayana Reddy. As per the latest estimates, the area under paddy crop is all set to showcase a new record. From 36.28 lakh hectares in 2012-13, it has increased to 43.95 lakh hectares during 2013-14, an increase of 21.14 per cent. During 2013-14, crop loans of ₹28,820 crore and agricultural loans of ₹9671 core were disbursed up to September 2013.
It is proposed to extend ₹62,224 crore of credit to the agriculture sector during 2013-14. Referring to the micro-irrigation system, the Finance Minister said about 9.75 lakh hectares have been brought under micro irrigation benefitting about 9 lakh farmers. The State had earmarked ₹572 crore for micro-irrigation during 2013-14.
During 2014, the State is expecting to add additional power generation capacity of 3910 MW. This includes two units of 800 MW each at APGenco Krishnapatnam, 1040 MW of Hinduja National Power Corporation, and 600 MW at Bhupalapally of APGenco, 120 MW of hydel power at lower Jurala and 50 MW at Nagarjunasagar tailpond.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/markets/commodities/record-foodgrain...
Karnal, February 10: The rice market witnessed a steady trend with prices of aromatic and non-basmati rice ruling flat on Monday on restricted trading.
With not much buying taking place in the market, rice prices were unchanged, said Amit Kumar, proprietor of Ginni Rice. Following steady domestic demand and easy availability of stocks, retail and bulk buyers are placing orders based on their requirement, he added.
According to the trade experts, the market may see only hand-to-mouth buying and prices may rule with marginal fluctuation for the next few days.
In the physical market, Pusa-1121 (steam) sold at ₹9,200-50, while Pusa-1121 (sela) quoted at ₹8,150. Pure Basmati (Raw) quoted at ₹12,500. Duplicate basmati (steam) sold at ₹7,000. Pusa-1121 (second wand) was at ₹7,050, Tibar at ₹6,100 while Dubar at ₹5,000.
In the non-basmati section, Sharbati (Steam) sold at ₹5,000 while Sharbati (Sela) was quoted at ₹4,800. Permal (raw) sold at ₹2,300, Permal (sela) at ₹2,350 a quintal, PR-11 (sela) sold at ₹2,900 while PR-11 (Raw) was at ₹2,800. PR14 (steam) sold at ₹3,200 a quintal.
About 6,000 bags of different paddy varieties arrived at the Karnal Grain Market Terminal. About 5,000 bags of Pusa-1121 arrived and went for ₹4,200 while 1,000 bags of Sharbati went for ₹2,230 a quintal.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/markets/commodities/rice-market-to-w...
Paddy production in West Bengal is likely to be lower by 10-15% this year due to crop damage on account of extended rainfall and floods. Consequently, paddy prices are at a record high level this year, higher than the minimum support price.
In 2012-13, the state produced 15.3 million tonnes (MT) ofrice, an increase of 5.5% over the previous year.
Overall paddy production in the state is likely to be about 5-10% lower than last year’s production on account of crop damage, according to Pranab Chatterjee, professor at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya.
“Last year the rainfall persisted till the flowering period, which has dragged down the average productivity,” said Rajoshri Kundu pf Mali Agrotech.
Against the normal productivity of nearly five to six tonne per hectare, this year paddy productivity has been no more than 4.6 tonne per hectare.
Paddy prices of the commonly sold paddy are ruling at nearly Rs 1400 per quintal, against the MSP of Rs 1310 per quintal. Prices of fine variety is ruling between Rs 1500-1900 per quintal, against the average price of Rs 1500 per quintal.
This year, the districts which were affected by floods included high rice-productivity districts of Bardhaman, Hooghly, Birbhum and Nadia. Burdwan, Birbhum, Nadia and Hooghly have the highest productivity and account for about 27% rice acreage and 32% production.
Rice production in West Bengal is spread across three seasons---aus, aman and boro. Of these, thekharif rise aus and aman) account for about 70% of the state’s production.
While Aman or summer crop was damaged on account rainfall, Boro or winter cultivation could be higher on account of high ground level water retention and ample supply of water from Damodar Vally Corporation.
“This year Boro rice could be grown over 15 lakh hectare, which against 9 lakh hectare due to good prices and weather condition,’” said Chatterjee.
While districts like Bankura, Bardhman and Birbhum are likely to benefit from water supply from Kangsabati and Mayurakshi, areas where lift irrigation is in vogue (Nadia), higher ground level would be beneficial for paddy cultivation, said Kundu.
However, high input prices have prompted many small growers to shift to alternative crops.
“While acreage for winter crop could be higher than last year, unprecedented rise in cost of electricity, fertilizer, labour and diesel, have prompted many small farmers to go for jute cultivation instead of paddy, said Ramprasad Biswas, Gotra Krishi Samavayi Samiti, Burdwan.
“Per unit price of electricity has gone up from 50 paise to Rs 5 per unit in the last four to five years. Similarly, fertilizer and diesel prices have gone up more than three times. On the other hand, rise in paddy prices have not risen proportionately, which paddy cultivation unviable,” said Biswas.
However, paddy production during the Boro season is about 4.5 million tonnes--minuscule compared to the peak production months.
West Bengal accounts for 14-16% of India’s rice production.
The Philippines-based International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is developing a new variety of rice, "3-in-1"climate tolerant rice, which can tolerate flooding, a prolonged dry season, and saltiness near coastal areas, according to local sources.
According to the IRRI, the new variety will be a climate-resilient variety and help mitigate climate change and sustain agricultural productivity in rice-producing countries. The IRRI first developed the “2-in-1” variety, which could tolerate flooding and drought situations.
Flood resistant variety "IR 64 Sub1" was derived from an Indian rice variety. Scientists isolated the SUB 1A gene and identified the genetic code that controls submergence tolerance. The SUB 1A gene activates when the plant is submerged, making it dormant and conserving energy until the floodwater recedes. The "IR 64 Sub1" can tolerate flooding for 14 days and still can produce an average yield of 6.4 tons per hectare.
The drought-tolerant variety "Sahod ulan" was derived from the Indian variety "Sahbhagi Dhan" and the Nepal variety "Sookha Dhan". The IRRI scientists identified quantitative trait loci (QTLs) genes which give the drought-tolerance and improve yield. These are activated in popular varieties like IR64 to produce better yields even in drought conditions.
Now the IRRI is in its last stage of developing the "3-in-1" variety. It is developing seeds that have genes that can sustain climatic changes and yet provide good yields. IRRI's Deputy Director General says IRRI is working closely with the Philippines Department of Agriculture and the Philippine Rice Research Institute (Philrice) to help the government attain its rice self-sufficiency target. The IRRI promises technology support to the Philippines to accelerate high-yielding varieties, he adds.
Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/research-development/irri-developing-%E2%80%983-1%...
Paddy farmers in the eastern part of the district are fretting over the shortage of labourers and non-availability of harvest machines.
Owing to it, paddy crop in over 80 hectares of Pambakkuda block panchayat, ready for harvest, is withering. According to farmers, paddy ought to be harvested by this week and if immediate steps are not taken it would lead to heavy loss.
C K Prakash, president, Karshakasangam Koothattukulam area, said it is not easy to find labourers as they have opted for other jobs. The authorities of the local bodies instead of taking immediate steps remain apathetic to the issue, he said.
The two harvest machines available at the block panchayat were defunct as against the requirement of five and no steps have been taken to repair them. The issue will intensify as paddy crop in over 830 hectares in the block panchayat is getting ready for harvest.
“The authorities should mobilise as many harvest machines as possible from other panchayts. If the block panchayat authority continues its apathy towards the issue, we will stage protests,” he said.
Isha Madavan, president, Pambakkuda block panchayat, said paddy crops in the area, including Piravom, Pambakkuda and nearby areas attain maturity at same time which causes hurdles. The block panchayat will take all possible steps to tackle the issue. We are planning to take machines on lease from nearby panchayats, she said.
She noted that labourers were taking up other jobs which has led to a shortage.
Courtesy : http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/No-MachineManpower-to-Harv...
Farmers in tail-end areas of Kanyakumari district are concerned over the depletion of storage in all dams — Pechipparai, Perunchani, Chittar-I, Chittar-II and Poigai. They have demanded immediate implementation of the turn system as it will be difficult to save the standing paddy crop in the prevailing water scenario.
Farmers in east Kanyakumari, which includes Thovalai, Chenbakaramanputhur, a portion of Anjugramam, Azagappapuram Kottaram, Myladi, Tamaraikulam, Asaripallam, Rajakkamangalam and Muttom, cultivate paddy in over 19,000 acres. As the crop in tail-end areas, which has attained the ‘milky stage,’ needs more water, farmers have urged the district administration to introduce the ‘turn system’ at the earliest.
Speaking to The Hindu on Wednesday, the chairman of Kodayar Irrigation Project (Water Resource Organisation), A. Vinsanto, pointed out that the government used to issue a special order every year on March 1 for water release in Padmanabhapuram-Puthanar channel up to March 15 for devotees to take holy dip during Mondaicadu Bhagavathy Amman Masi Kodai Viza. Water also would be released in Thovalai and Ananthanar channels during the Mondaicadu festival.
This step will benefit farmers in tail-end areas.
While paddy raised around the dam head needs water for only 15 days more, in the tail-end areas, it requires a month’s more of water.
Thus, farmers in Kottaram and surrounding areas have appealed to the PWD officials to implement turn system immediately, before the special GO is issued.
Over the years, cultivable area in the district has shrunk from 35,000 hectares to 25,000 hectares owing to conversion of land into sites for houses. In the absence of remunerative price for paddy, farmers have also switched to cash crops like banana and rubber.
Though the district administration has taken steps to create awareness of the need to protect waterbodies under the ‘Nanneer Kumari’ initiative, it is yet to take off due to poor cooperation from farmers, according to officials in the Department of Agriculture.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/paddy-farmers-seek-turn...
The rice procurement drive by government agencies for the 2013-14 marketing season (October-September) is likely to fall below the target of 34 million tonne (mt).
Food ministry officials attribute the reasons for the slow progress in procurement from farmers to mainly late arrival of the kharif crop in eastern states and adverse impact of cyclone on key rice-growing areas of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
Besides, the slow pace of rice procurement has been also attributed to active participation of private traders in the market due to lower kharif output. As per latest data, with the exception of Chhattisgarh, all other key states that contribute to the government's rice procurement drive have recorded lower volume of purchase this year compared to last year.
Till Tuesday, FCI and the state government-owned agencies purchased more than 21.5 mt of rice from the farmers compared to 23.3 mt last year. This decline in total volume of procurement is more than 8% and is expected to widen in the next few months.
“Kharif crop arrivals in eastern states have been slower this year while a chunk of crop area was adversely impact by cyclone,” an agriculture ministry official told FE.
The government agencies have purchased 8.1 mt in Punjab, 4.6 mt in Chhattisgarh, 2.4 mt in Haryana and 2.4 mt rice in Andhra Pradesh, as per latest data.
Prior to the formal commencement of rice procurement in October, 2013, the food ministry, in consultation with states, set targets for each of the key contributing states.
Punjab and Andhra Pradesh were estimated to contribute 8.3 mt and 6 mt, respectively, the other key contributors to the central pool would be Chhattisgarh (5.5 mt), Haryana (2.3 mt), Uttar Pradesh (2.7 mt), Orissa (2.6 mt) and West Bengal (2.2 mt).
With the exception of Chhattisgarh, where state government has purchased more than 4.6 mt till now, in all the other key growing states --- Punjab, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa – the volume of rice procurement from farmers have been less than the target.
In Punjab and Haryana, where procurement is complete, the state agencies have purchased 8.1 mt and 2.4 mt of rice this season against 8.5 mt and 25.9 mt last year. Due to an untimely storm in many districts of Punjab in September, rice procurement was marginally lower in the state.
The biggest fall in procurement was witnessed in the cyclone-hit Andhra Pradesh, where state agencies purchased 2.4 mt till Tuesday against 2.9 mt last year. The government's rice stock with the FCI and other agencies was reported at 14.6 mt at the start of this month, which is more than double of strategic reserve and buffer stock norms.
The government had approved a minimum support price for 2013-14 at Rs 1,310 per quintal for common paddy rice, which is an increase of about 5% from around Rs1,250 a quintal last year.
Courtesy : http://www.financialexpress.com/news/rice-procurement-likely-to-miss-34m...
सोनभद्र : जनपद में कछुआ चाल चल रही धान खरीद को लेकर किसानों में मायूसी व्याप्त है। खरीद कार्य बंद होने में मात्र 25 दिन से भी कम का समय बचा हुआ है और अभी तक जिला प्रशासन लक्ष्य से कोसों दूर है।
निर्धारित 45 हजार मीट्रिक टन के सापेक्ष संबंधित विभाग अभी तक 50 प्रतिशत भी खरीद नहीं कर पाया है। किसान मंगला प्रसाद, सुलोचन सिंह, विनोद शुक्ल ने कहा कि हम लोग क्रय केंद्रों पर चक्कर काटते-काटते थक गए हैं अब तो अपने उपज को बाजार में औने-पौने दाम पर बेचना ही मुनासिब है। जिला प्रशासन पर उपेक्षा का आरोप लगाते हुए कहा कि जिलाधिकारी ने पूरे खरीद के दौरान लगातार उदासीन रवैया अपना रहा, जो गलत है।
Courtesy : http://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/sonbhadra-11060052.html
The country has to unlock the potential of non-conventional methods, including new hybrid variety seeds, genetically modified crops and effective crop management system, to meet the future foodgrain requirements, said Padma Shri EA Siddiq, former vice chancellor of agri-research body ANGRAU.
"With the climate change already costing farmers with decreasing crop yields (up to 10 per cent) and new crop land constraints, efforts should be made to develop hybrid varieties that can withstand physical stresses, including water submergence during severe monsoon, drought and high salinity," said Siddiq, who is now honorary director of Institute of Biotechnology, Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), Hyderabad.
Supported by the Melinda Gates Foundation, world scientists are re-engineering photosynthesis aspect in C3 cultivated variety of rice to combat the affect of climate change. "The new C4 rice variety would see changes in anatomy, biochemistry, and would see increased yields of up to 50 per cent and improved nitrogen use efficiency," Siddiq said.
The foundation is also helping scientists develop high-yielding Green Super Rice (GSR) suited for tropical countries of Asia.
"Till now, the irrigated area, accounting for only 35 per cent of the total cropped area was acting as an anchor to our claims of higher food production. However, hybrid technology has to be utilised to achieve higher production in the larger rain-fed area," he said.
According to him, we could simply add 30-40 million tonnes (mt) to our foodgrains production by employing hybrid technology varieties in the rain-fed area without bringing additional area into the system.
"In India, we've under-exploited hybrid technology in rice, mustard seed and pigeon pea among others. We have to try crop biotechnology to overcome difficulties that cannot be mitigated by conventional approach," he said.
He said China had already embarked upon a mega project for breeding super rice varieties and hybrids for raising yield in paddy to 15 tonne per hectare. China has employed hybrid varieties of rice in 20 million ha since 1990s, as against India's 2.01 million ha, by taking advantage of parental lines of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines.
The country had to produce around 460 mt of foodgrains by 2050, up from the current 257 mt, he said. India's total food grain production rose from 51 mt in 1950 to 257 mt now. Despite this, around 240 million people in the country do not get proper access to food. To adjust this gap, the country has come up with the Food Security Act to provide foodgrains at subsidised rates.
Courtesy : http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/need-to-try-non...
Planting area under India's Rabi (winter) rice crop (November – April) stands at around 2.1 million hectares as of January 31, 2014, which is up about 40% from about 1.5 million hectares recorded during same time in 2013, according to the Ministry of Agriculture. Rabi rice crop accounts for around 10% – 15% of total annual rice production in India.
India’s total Rabi planting area (including rice and other grains) stands at about 64.3 million hectares as of January 31, 2014, up about 6% from about 60.8 million hectares recorded during this time last year.
Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/rice-news/india-winter-rice-crop-planting-area-rea...
The Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company (Mahyco) and Arcadia Biosciences of the US, an agricultural technology company, have announced a key milestone in the development of “salt-tolerant rice”.
Arcadia's Salt Tolerance (ST) technology enables plants to produce increased yields under saline water and soil conditions, expanding the range of usable acreage for crop production and reducing requirements for fresh water, said a statement in Chennai.
In achieving this key milestone, Mahyco demonstrated that Arcadia’s ST technology significantly increased plant growth and yield in multiple rice lines developed by Mahyco. Rice varieties incorporating ST technology showed substantial increases in key plant performance measures.
Rice is the world’s second-largest crop, grown on 161 million hectares annually.
It plays a critical role in food security for more than half of the world’s population. India, with a population of more than 1.2 billion, is the second most populous country in the world, and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimates that 221 million people in India, or about one-fifth of the population, are undernourished.
As such, there is significant pressure on Indian farmers to increase agricultural productivity.
"With this milestone, we are closer to bringing the benefits of this technology to farmers who are challenged with increased salinity in their farms and improving overall productivity of the crop," said Usha Zehr, chief technology officer of Mahyco.
"With the growing demands on fresh water and land resources for agriculture, the ability to maintain high crop yields in salt impacted environments is critical,” said Eric Rey, president and chief executive officer of Arcadia Biosciences.
"This key technology is just one of a number of improvements Arcadia and Mahyco are developing together to increase farm productivity and reduce the overall environmental impact of agriculture in the region," he added.
Courtesy : http://www.financialexpress.com/news/mahyco-arcadia-develop-salttolerant...
A paddy variety meant for the sodic soil in Manikandam block has recorded better yield in non-sodic soil.
The TRY(R) 3, a paddy variety released by the TNAU – Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural College and Research Institute to suit the alkaline soil in Manikandam block, has proved its mettle in non-alkaline soil. The TNAU – ADACRI was founded in Manikandam block, about 25 years ago, to evolve and release paddy varieties suited for the alkaline soil. Soil in around 5,000 hectares in the block have turned alkaline affecting the yield.
N. Periyasamy, farmer from Manachanallur, has raised the variety in his one acre in his fields. The ‘field day’ celebrated on Tuesday when the crop was harvested and on Friday, the farmer along with scientists from the Krishi Vigyan Kendra found that the yield was 13.5 tonnes a hectare. “The grain weighs 27 grams per 1,000 grains indicating the high yield,” says A. Sakunthalai, Project Coordinator KVK. The soil is less sodic nature, she said.The Kendra not only provided seeds but also guided the farmer with crop cultivation techniques. “A sustained follow-up on the cultivation practice, supply of Dhaincha seeds and prevention of leaf folder disease were some of the measures adopted by us to achieve a higher yield,” she said.
R. Pandiyarajan, Dean of TNAU – ADACRI, said that the variety, yielded 5.1 tonnes in sodic soil of Manikandam. The grain weight was 23 grams. He said that the variety could be raised during the thaladi season too.
Gururaj Singh, Joint Director of Agriculture and officials ascertained the quality of paddy.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/tryr-3-var...