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Paddy seeds


Harvest hit as farmers given substandard paddy seeds

Sivaganga: Farmers who cultivated paddy in about 200 acres in Idaikattur village in Manamadurai taluk of Sivaganga district had their hopes dashed as they were given substandard paddy seeds by the government seed farm, according to them.

The Primary Agriculture Co-operative banks in Idaikattur supplies paddy seeds, pesticides and fertilizers to farmers of this region. Idaikattur is one region which has been able to tide over the worst water crisis, be it the people's needs or agriculture. This year, people from the villages of Pathinettamkottai, Pappankulam, Kallarkulam, Velur, Sirukudi, Idaikattur and Arulanandhapuram approached the bank for their seeds and were given ADT45 which is suited for their region.

The farmers were happy when the seedlings started showing healthy signs of growth initially, but they got disturbed when the paddy started appearing by the 55th day. According to the farmers, this is a sign of the crop failing, because when the paddy starts emerging at a very early stage it also withers before it mature. The due period for emergence of the paddy is 90 to 120 days, when it matures naturally and gets ready for a good harvest.

According to Thiagavalli of Idaikattur, this is the first time in recent times that the crop is failing. "We have been cultivating paddy in seven acres of land for over 50 years and such signs are bad for our crops," she said. The farmers say that they were confident that they would have a good harvest because their water supply was sufficient. But now the bad seeds have sounded the death knell for them.

CPM union secretary Manamadurai said that they had surveyed the region based on the farmers' request and found that the seeds given were substandard. These farmers said that they had purchased a 30 kg bag of paddy seed for Rs 960. If all had gone well they would have got 50 bags of paddy and made Rs 50,000 per acre, including the Rs 25,000 for the initial cultivation process. But, now nearly 70 farmers have been affected and their livelihood is gone and they are seeking a compensation of Rs 20,000 per acre, he said.

Meanwhile, the additional director of agriculture of Sivaganga visited the affected areas and ordered a testing of the seeds and soil.


Paddy seed scarcity hits farmers hard

Jeypore, Odisha : Farmers of Jeypore sub-division are now running from pillar to post seeking paddy seeds to begin agricultural works. The seed stocked by the farmers was washed away in the recent floods.

About 50 per cent of crop land in the area have not been cultivated for scarcity of seeds in both private and Government outlets in the district.

In the kharif season, the district agriculture officials had targeted to cultivate paddy in 1.40 lakh acres in Jeypore sub-division. For the purpose, 40,000 quintals of seeds were required.

Though the seeds should have reached the farmers by third week of this month, those are yet to arrive. So far, the farmers have sown seeds procured from outside the district in only 70,000 acres.

The much sought after seed varieties like Lalat, 1001 and Puja are not available. “We lost our paddy seed stock in the recent floods. When we approached the Government and private outlets, they were either closed or had no stock,” said Sada Tripathy, a farmer leader of Konkodahandi.

On the other hand, some unscrupulous traders are trying to take advantage of the situation by offering paddy seeds at higher rate.

Sources alleged that the seeds sold by these traders are not even certified by the Seed Verification Authority of Odisha.

Several pani panchayat leaders met the authorities concerned recently and sought Government intervention in the issue.

District Seeds Production Officer KCH Panda said Government seed production centres had distributed 18,000 quintals of paddy seeds for this kharif season prior to the flood in the region two weeks back.

 “We are aware of the shortage situation and necessary action would be taken soon,” he added.

Courtesy :


India Government Assures Adequate Rice Seed Supply for 2013 Planting Season

India’s Ministry of Agriculture said this week that around 692,000 tons of certified and quality rice seeds are available for planting in the current kharif season (May - November), which is about 10% higher than the projected requirement of around 625,000 tons.

The ministry added that while there is a slight shortage of good quality seed supply for corn and some pulses, but overall, around 1.54 million tons of quality seeds (for all crops) are available for the current Kharif season, up around 10% compared to an estimated requirement of about 1.4 million tons.

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Amazing variety of seeds of paddy & others protected by tribal people

For people living in the plains variety is a few types of vegetables, paddy and millets and one believes that chemical fertilizers and pesticides alone can increase the yield and protect the crops. But a visit to the annual Paata Vittanala Panduga (old seeds festival) held in the Agency area of Visakhapatnam district is a revelation.

The festival has scores of varieties of paddy, millets and vegetables that are not found even in large urban markets or big villages. While the agriculture products of various colours were a pleasing sight, the important fact is that the Girijan farmer has not forgotten his traditional methods in farming.
Unique event:Tribal persons taking out a procession of old seeds before performing bhumi puja and tilling of land in Panasavalasa village near Araku Valley. -photo: C. V. SUBRAHMANYAM
The Girijans seldom use chemical fertilizers and pesticides and organic farming is widely practised. He does not generally buy seed, but prepares them from the previous crop setting a part of it aside for sowing. Thus the crop from the yield is nutritious and healthy. This is an age old practice and in spite of polished rice, snacks like idli becoming part of the diet, Girijans still practise it.

Sanjeevani, an NGO working among Girijans, with the help of another NGO Samata and CRYNET, a network of rural youth organisations, organises the old seeds festival every year at different villages. This year it was held at Panasavalasa in Dumbriguda mandal, 25 km from the famous tourist centre Araku Valley on Sunday.

The NGO has bagged the Union Government's Plant Genome Saviour Community Award for 2011-12.

"The old seeds festival is organised to encourage farmers to retain and to protect seeds of many varieties of high quality seeds which are facing a threat due to changing food habits and farm practices. There is also a threat to biodiversity if the seeds are not protected and promoted. Through our Paata Vittanala Pandaga we are also creating awareness among the people, NGOs and the Government", secretary of Sanjeevani, P. Devullu said.

A couple of energetic and young farmers from Malingavalasa came with 178 varieties of paddy, millets and vegetables and 10 medicinal plants and farmers from other villages were keen on learning about them, for example many collected the seeds of Saatekalu paddy variety brought by farmers of Kusumguda village.

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