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Basmati Rice


Rice basmati, Wheat strengthen on increased buying

Wheat and rice basmati prices strengthened up to Rs 100 per quintal on the wholesale grains market today on increased buying by flour mills and stockists.

However, other grains traded in a tight range in limited deals and settled around previous levels.

Traders said increased buying by flour mills and stockists mainly strengthened wheat and rice basmati prices.

In the national capital, wheat dara (for mills) added another Rs 5 to Rs 1,640-1,645 per quintal, while atta chakki delivery enquired higher by the same margin to Rs 1,645-1,650 per 90 kg.

In the rice section, rice basmati common and Pusa-1121 variety also moved up by Rs 100 each to Rs 8,700-9,000 and Rs 8,100-8,700 per quintal respectively.

The following were today's quotations per quintal:

Wheat MP (deshi) 2,070-2,270, Wheat dara (for mills) 1,640-1,645, Chakki atta (delivery) 1,645-1,650 Atta Rajdhani (10 kg) 220, Shakti bhog (10 kg) 220, Roller flour mill 870-890 (50 kg), Maida 930-950 (50 kg) and Sooji 970-990 (50kg).

Basmati rice (Lal Quila) 10,400, Shri Lal Mahal 10,000, Super Basmati Rice, 9,500, Basmati common new 8,700-9,000, Rice Pusa-(1121) new 8,100-8,700, Permal raw 2,100-2,200, Permal wand 2,275-2,300, Sela 2,950-2,975 and Rice IR-8- 1,875-1,900, Bajra 1,270-1,275, Jowar yellow 1,450-1,500, white 2,350-2,550, Maize 1,400-1,405, Barley 1,430-1,440, Rajasthan 1,080-1,090.

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India FY 2013-14 Basmati Rice Exports Forecast to Reach Record 4 Million Tons

India’s basmati rice exports are forecast to reach around 4 million tons in FY 2013-14 (April – March), the highest annual basmati rice exports on record and up about 12.5% from around 3.5 million tons in FY 2012-13.

Trade sources say that India's basmati rice exports between April and December 2013 have increased to around 2.8 million tons, up about 15% from around 2.45 million tons exported during the corresponding period in 2012.

According to the executive director of the All India Rice Exporters Association (AIREA), India's basmati rice exports are expected to reach a record high in 2013-14 due to demand especially from the Middle East countries including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iran.

According to official sources, Iran is the top buyer of India rice and basmati rice sales to the country have almost doubled during the first two quarters of FY 2013-14. India’s basmati rice exports to Iran between April-September 2013 stood at around 851,859 tons, up about 77% compared to around 481,328 tons exported during the same period in 2012.

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The next billion-dollar basmati?

New Delhi, Jan. 5: 

A decade after the release of Pusa-1121, a rice variety that accounts for roughly three-fourths of India’s $4 billion-plus annual basmati exports, farm scientists hope to replicate its success through yet another blockbuster.

Pusa-1509, a new high-yielding basmati developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), was planted in around 5,000 hectares in the 2013 kharif season. “I expect it to reach one million hectares (mh) in the coming season, replacing a large part of the 1.4 mh now covered under Pusa-1121,” says Ashok K. Singh, Project Leader (Rice) at IARI and the main breeder of Pusa-1509.

Shorter maturity

According to Singh, who was also involved in developing Pusa-1121, the main advantage of the new variety is its maturing — in just 115-120 days from the time of sowing in the nursery bed to harvesting the grain.

“Both Pusa-1121 and Pusa Basmati-1 (an older improved basmati) take 140-145 days. Thirty days less time means farmers needn’t transplant the seedlings in the peak mid-June summer.

“They can do it in mid-July with the onset of the monsoon rains, saving 5-6 irrigations,” he pointed out.

Alternatively, they could raise an additional crop — say, a 60-day moong or green gram — between harvesting of wheat in mid-April and transplanting Pusa-1509 in mid-July.

Higher yields

Moreover, the average paddy yields in Pusa-1509, at 25 quintals an acre, are more than the 20 quintals for Pusa-1121. The main reason: a lower plant height of 80 cm as against 120 cm for Pusa-1121.

“Lower height enables more fertiliser application. You can apply 2-3 bags of urea in Pusa-1509 for the entire season.

“Pusa-1121 cannot tolerate more than one bag. The plant will simply lodge and the grains, too, may shatter or drop from the panicles,” Singh explained.

Preetam Singh, a farmer from Urlana Khurd in Haryana’s Panipat district, said that the 30-day early maturity and 25 per cent extra yield made Pusa-1509 an attractive proposition.

Also, since there is no lodging or grain-shattering, the entire crop can be harvested using combines.

“This time, I planted 28 acres of Pusa-1509 and 11 acres under Pusa-1121. From next season, I will stop Pusa-1121,” he told Business Line.

What about grain quality? “Pusa-1509 scores over Pusa-1121 in aroma, but probably not as much as in fluffiness and linear elongation on cooking.

“The percentage of brokens on milling is also higher in Pusa-1509 for the raw white rice, though not for the par-boiled rice that India predominantly exports,” said Anil Kumar Mittal, CMD of the Rs 2,100-crore KRBL Ltd.

But these minute quality parameter differences may not matter vis-à-vis the vastly superior returns for farmers from growing Pusa-1509. “Pusa-1121 may still survive, but Pusa-1509 will definitely be the farmer’s first choice,” he added.

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Rice basmati rises on stockists buying

Prices of rice basmati rose by Rs 200 per quintal at the wholesale grains market today on stockists buying against slowdown in arrivals from producing regions.

However, other grains ruled steady in scattered deals.

Traders said stockists buying following rising demand against restricted arrivals from producing belts mainly pushed up rice basmati prices.

In the national capital, rice basmati common and Pusa-1121 variety rose by Rs 200 each to Rs 8,600-8,800 and Rs 7,950-8,450 per quintal, respectively.

The following were today's quotations per quintal:

Wheat MP (deshi) 2,070-2,270, Wheat dara (for mills) 1,660-1,665, Chakki atta (delivery) 1,665-1,670 Atta Rajdhani (10 kg) 220, Shakti bhog (10 kg) 220, Roller flour mill 920-930 (50 kg), Maida 970-990 (50 kg) and Sooji 1,010-1,030 (50kg).

Basmati rice (Lal Quila) 10,400, Shri Lal Mahal 10,000, Super Basmati Rice, 9,500, Basmati common new 8,600-8,800, Rice Pusa-(1121) new 7,950-8,450, Permal raw 2,100-2,200, Permal wand 2,275-2,300, Sela 2,950-2,975 and Rice IR-8- 1,875-1,900, Bajra 1,320-1,325, Jowar yellow 1,400-1,450, white 2,300-2,500, Maize 1,405-1,410, Barley 1,400-1,410, Rajasthan 1,080-1,090.

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बासमती धान के दाम गिरे, किसान मायूस

पिहोवा (वधवा): पिछले दिनों 6,000 के आसपास का रेट छूकर बासमती धान के रेटों में मंदी आने से किसानों के चेहरे पर मायूसी दिखाई देने लगी है। इसमें सबसे ज्यादा नुक्सान उन किसानों का हो रहा है जिन्होंने दाम में तेजी की संभावना को देखते बासमती को घर पर ही स्टोर कर लिया था। उल्लेखनीय है कि 2 साल पहले लगभग 1600 रुपए किंवटल बिकने वाली बासमती इस बार 4000 से शुरू होकर 6000 को छू गई थी जिससे किसानों को पहली बार रिकार्ड रेट मिलते हुए जबरदस्त लाभ मिला था।

इस बार अनेक किसानों को एक एकड़ से लगभग 80-90 हजार की फसल प्राप्त हुई। बासमती में आई तेजी के कारण किसानों के चेहरे खिल उठे तथा कम दाम पर बासमती बेचने वाले किसानों को पछतावा भी हुआ। पिछले 3-4 दिनों में बासमती के दाम में लगभग 500 रुपए किंवटल कम हो जाने से अब यह 5,500 रुपए के आसपास बिक रही है। दाम में मंदी आने के कारण किसानों के साथ साथ उन व्यापारियों को भी नुक्सान उठाना पड़ सकता है जिन्होंने ऊंचे दाम पर बासमती की खरीद की थी।

मंदा-तेजी व्यापार का हिस्सा चावल एक्सपोर्ट करने वाले संजय सिंगला व आढ़ती नरेंद्र पुरी, कृष्ण अरोड़ा, सुनील कुमार व बंटा गर्ग ने बताया कि मंदा-तेजी व्यापार का हिस्सा है। संजय सिंगला ने कहा कि इस बार बासमती के रेटों ने इतिहास बनाया है तथा फिर से कब तेजी आ जाए इसके बारे में कहा नहीं जा सकता। वहीं किसान बलबीर सिंह व रणजीत सिंह ने कहा कि बासमती में मंदी आने से उनको नुक्सान हुआ है। बासमती धान की कीमतों में इस बार किसानों की बल्ले-बल्ले करवा दी जिसके चलते ठेके पर जमीन दिए जाने के भाव में भी तेजी आ गई है। पता चला है कि इस बार जमीन का ठेका पिछले साल की अपेक्षा 5 से 10 हजार रुपए प्रति एकड़ ज्यादा हो सकता है तथा ठेके पर जमीन लेकर खेती करने वाले किसानों ने अभी से जमीन की बुकिंग करवानी शुरू भी कर दी है।

सप्ताह के अंदर एक साथ 500 रुपए गिरे दाम पिपली (सुकरम): बारीक धान के दामों में आई तेजी से जहां किसानों के चेहरों पर मुस्कान नजर आने लगी थी, वहीं इस सप्ताह बासमती व 1121 किस्म की धान में आई भारी गिरावट ने बारीक धान का स्टोर करने वाले किसानों के चेहरों पर मायूसी जरूर ला दी है। बासमती धान जहां पिछले सप्ताह 6,000 रुपए प्रति किंवटल का आंकड़ा पार कर चुकी थी। वहीं दामों में गिरावट आने से बासमती 5,000 से 5,500 रुपए प्रति किंवटल बिकने लगी है। इसी प्रकार 1121 किस्म की धान में भी 200-से 300 रुपए की गिरावट आई है। हालांकि मुच्छल धान में भी 50 से 100 रुपए की गिरावट देखने में आई।

बारीक धान के खरीदार व्यापारी मनोज गुप्ता, अमृत लाल, राजकुमार, बीर सिंह, दीपांशु सिंगला, सुरेंद्र ढींगड़ा व राजु गुलियानी आदि व्यापारियों ने बताया कि बारीक धान के दामों में आई गिरावट ने व्यापारियों को भी एक दम सकते में डाल दिया है। उन्होंने बताया कि जिस ढंग से बासमती 6,000 हजार रुपए का आंकड़ा पार कर चुकी थी। उससे उसके दामों में ओर तेजी आने की संभावना थी लेकिन अब बारीक धान के दामों में बढ़ौतरी के बारे में कुछ नहीं कहा जा सकता। इस मौके पर मंडी प्रधान नरेंद्र पाल झांब, मामचंद मुकरपुर, दविंद्र पाल गंभीर, पूर्व सरपंच ललित मोहन सिंगला, पवन मदान व सुभाष जग्गा आदि व्यापारी मौजूद थे।

Courtesy : punjabkesari news Date: 16.11.2013


Punjab’s waiver of levies on basmati paddy purchase may encourage growers

 New Delhi, Nov. 15:  The Punjab Government’s recent move to waive levies on procurement of basmati paddy has put a section of the rice processing industry in a quandary not only in the State but also in neighbouring Haryana.

Punjab had waived levies to the extent of 7 per cent (2 per cent market fee, 2 per cent rural development fund and 3 per cent infrastructure cess) on purchase of basmati paddy for processing in the State.

Also, the value added tax of about 5 per cent has been waived on exports of basmati, besides imposition of a 5 per cent entry tax on basmati paddy entering from other States.
crop diversification

The latest move is aimed at encouraging the State’s food processing industry, while trying to discourage the cultivation of the water-intensive non-basmati paddy as part of the Government’s crop diversification programme, said D.V. Kapoor, General Secretary of the Punjab Rice Millers Association.

Also, it would help bring in more investments in the rice processing sector, while creating more jobs in the State, Kapoor, a miller in Jalandhar, said.
millers baffled

However, Anil Mittal, Chairman of KRBL Ltd, the country’s largest exporter, which has a basmati processing facility in the State, termed Punjab’s move of imposing an entry tax “as confusing.”

About 80 per cent of the basmati paddy grown in Punjab is the 1121 variety, while the traditional and Pusa basmati varieties account for the rest.

Large millers such as KRBL have to depend on States such as Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to meet their paddy requirement and the entry tax would make their raw material expensive.

Ajay Jakhar, President of the Bharat Krishak Samaj, said that the latest move would encourage rice growers to shift to basmati.
shift to basmati

“There would be at least 40-50 per cent increase in basmati area next year,” he said.

However, Jhakar believes that restricting buyers from neighbouring States may prove counter-productive, especially during a glut and when prices crash.

Farmers may not feel the impact this year because prices are ruling higher than last year.

“There should not be any curbs on the inter-State movement of agri-produce. Restricting the movement is like indirectly taxing the agricultural produce,” Jhakar said.
Cartel fears

Rice mills in Haryana, which depend on Punjab to meet a sizeable chunk of their paddy demand, are upset over the latest move.

“Reduced competition from buyers is a loss to farmers. Avoiding competition would lead to cartelisation of buyers in Punjab,” said Vijay Setia, Executive Director at Chaman Lal Setia Exports Ltd, which has processing units in Karnal and Amritsar, demanding a level-playing field.

However, Kapoor and KRBL’s Mittal dismissed fears of cartelisation.

“There are more than 500 millers in the State,” Kapoor said.

Punjab accounts for about 40 per cent of India’s basmati rice production estimated between 4 and 5 million tonnes.

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Pusa rice may soon zoom to Rs 10,000 a quintal

Karnal, Nov. 11:  An unexpected rally in the market pushed up aromatic and Sharbati rice prices by Rs 200-500 a quintal on Monday, while PR varieties ruled firm on moderate buying.

Amit Chandna, Proprietor, Hanuman Rice Trading Company, told Business Line thatfrantic buying by bulk buyers in order to build inventories pushed aromatic and sharbati prices further up.

Rice millers don’t have much carry-forward stocks this year and the new stocks are not ready yet. The market is getting good demand from overseas markets too, he said.

According to the market experts, if the current situation persists, Pusa-1121 (steam) may even touch the Rs 10,000 a quintal mark in the coming days.

In the physical market, Pusa-1121 (steam) moved further up by Rs 500 and sold at Rs 9,200-9,300, while Pusa-1121 (sela) improved by Rs 300 to Rs 8,100 .

Pure Basmati (Raw) went up by Rs 200 to Rs 12,700 . Duplicate basmati (steam) sold at Rs 7,300 , Rs 300 up.

In the non-basmati section, Sharbati (Steam) was up by Rs 400 at Rs 5,500-5,700, while Sharbati (Sela) quoted at Rs 5,200 , Rs 300 up.

Permal (raw) sold at Rs 2,350-2,400, while Permal (sela) was at Rs 2,400. PR-11 (sela) sold at Rs 3,100 while PR-11 (Raw) quoted at Rs 3,000-3,100.

PR14 (steam) sold at Rs 3,400 .
Paddy arrivals

About 40,000 bags of PR paddy arrived and quoted at Rs 1,350-1,500 , around 40,000 bags of Pusa-1121 arrived and sold at Rs 3,750-4,400 , while 10,000 bags of Sharbati arrived and sold at Rs 2,400-2,550 . Around 10,000 bags of Duplicate Basmati arrived and went for Rs 4,000-4,200 , while 1,000 bags of Pure Basmati sold at Rs 5,600-5,900 a quintal.

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India Basmati Rice Exports Likely to Increase 11% to 4 Million Tons in FY 2013-14

India’s basmati rice exports are likely to grow to around 4 million tons in the fiscal year 2013-14 (April – March), up around 11% from around 3.6 million tons exported in FY 2012-13, according to local sources.

Traders in India say that better returns and government’s crop diversification program have helped boost basmati rice production in Punjab and Haryana, two main basmati rice producing states in India. India produced around 7.1 million tons of basmati rice in 2012-13, and some trade sources say that production is likely to increase by around 30% to around 9 million tons in 2013-14.

However, basmati purchase prices are high this year due to high demand in the international market in the Middle East helped by a weak Indian currency. Traders say that they are already paying around Rs. 3,200 per quintal (about $523 per ton, using current exchange rates) of basmati paddy rice, up about 50% from last year’s Rs. 2,200 per quintal (about $410 per ton, using historical exchange rates). Prices are likely to increase in the coming weeks, say trade sources.

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Taleigao farmer harvests first Basmati crop in Goa

    PANAJI: A shot at growing long-grained scented Basmati rice has succeeded for the first time in Goa with nearly one tonne of the famed rice harvested by a farmer.

The Pusa 1171 Basmati variety has not been harvested in the hinterland farming regions as one would expect but close to Panaji city in Taleigao.

A farmer Cesar Machado has managed to harvest over 800 kgs of Basmati rice in his field admeasuring 2,700 sq metres. He is very satisfied with the yield of 16 bags (each bag weighing at least 60 kg) claiming that it is beyond his expectations because he was not sure whether Basmati rice could even be grown. The rice will be sent to Belgaum, he said, as Goa lacks the facility to mill it. 

Machado also disclosed that every year like others, he too undertakes cultivation of Jaya, Jyoti and Revati, the three main varieties of locally-grown paddy. However, this Kharif season he decided to “try out something new” and procured by courier 30 kgs of seeds of Basmati rice from Amritsar. 

The seeds were sown on June 29 and harvested in September-end. Cultivation was smooth without much trouble, except for the unseasonal heavy rain which wiped off one fourth of the crop. After the rains, the water refused to dry up so that part of the crop got damaged.  Nonetheless the undamaged crop is “good Basmati” which has been kept in the hot sun for drying, given plenty of airing and is stored for about two months in the farm shed after which it will be sent for de-husking and polishing.

Machado also disclosed that growing Basmati is very satisfying since his field gave out a pleasant scent while the stalks were in bloom. However he has not thought about whom to sell the crop to and what price it will fetch since he is presently only concerned about getting help in transporting the rice to Belgaum for milling.

The total cost of cultivating the 16 bags, he said, worked out to Rs 6,000 including labour costs during sowing, replanting, organic manure, harvesting, etc. The seeds were free of cost as they were given by a friend in Amritsar who “persuaded him to try out the fragrant rice for the first time.”

Machado adds that the Indian Council of Agriculture and Research (ICAR) has been very supportive during his efforts and helped in soil testing and gave advice on manure and other matters during each stage of the cultivation.

Machado also disclosed that they have been growing paddy along with vegetables and onions depending on the time of the year in their ancestral land. Despite the surrounding buildings and land getting water logged, he is among one of the few farmers who has continued with farming activities and has also been encouraging others in the Taleigao farmer’s club “not to give up.”

H R Prabhudesai, agronomist, ICAR, Goa said that cultivation of Basmati rice was tried in the 1990s but because of the absence of milling facilities, they could not support farmers. Further he said that the locally grown rice will be slightly less fragrant than the crop in Dehra Dun because of weather conditions.  Meanwhile, Machado hopes the agriculture department helps in transporting the crop for milling.

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Basmati is good tiding for Fazilka farmers

Farmers in the district who opted to grow basmati, instead of the traditional parmal paddy crop are getting a good price for their produce at Rs. 2,900-3,500 a quintal.

The area under basmati doubled in comparison to last year, at about 70% of the total area under paddy.

The two main varieties grown this year, the PR 1121 and PR 1509,  are selling quickly and between Rs. 2,900 and Rs. 3,400 per quintal. Most of the procurement is being done by private traders. Farmers claim that the 1,509 variety has been a runaway success this year.

"The crop was ready in 70 days and is in demand. The price has even touched Rs. 3,500 per quintal, due to its long and good quality grain," said Jaswant Singh, a farmer of Jangawala village under Jalalabad.

The 1121 variety will arrive in grain markets by the end of the month and will be sold at Rs. 2,800-3,100 per quintal, a great price for farmers.

"The 1121 variety requires less water. The state government has also waived off the market fee as well as the rural development cess to enhance diversification. As a result, many farmers opted for the variety," added Ravi Sharma, a commission agent.

Rice miller Ashok Grover said that paddy procurement had been dismal over the years and this the basmati farmers have some reason to be happy.

"The demand for basmati in the Gulf countries has also proved beneficial to basmati growers," said Grover.

Non-basmati growers were getting Rs. 40,000-45,000 per acre, while basmati was fetching almost the double, he claimed.

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Basmati under bacteria attack, yield to lessen

Bacterial leaf blight has launched a massive attack on the basmati crop in the district which will cause decrease in yield and quality of the crop, said director, Directorate of Rice Development,Patna, Bihar MC Divakar at the fields of farmer Dhir Singh in Talwandi Rama village of Dera Baba Nanak sub division of Gurdaspur district on Friday after inspecting the disease affected basmati crop fields.

Divakar said normally PUSA 1121 variety of basmati has the potentiality of surviving this disease, but unfavourable weather conditions have made the disease acute.

He said this disease had attacked the basmati crop grown in Dhariwal, Kalanaur and Dera Baba Nanak blocks. Speaking on the signs of the bacterial leaf blight disease, Divakar said first the leaves went dry from the upper part to the lower part.

"If watched closely, the plants, early in the morning like dew drops on leaves, bacteria can be seen clinging in the shape of water drops to edges of the leaves,"he said.

He added that this disease spread with the strong winds accompanied by rains. "The disease spread with the rain water and irrigational water standing on the fields for days,"he added.
Divakar said this disease caused more loss if it attacked the crop at the time of flowering and enrichment of the grains because the new leaves got completely dried and the plants did not get proper nourishment.

Gurdaspur chief agriculture officer Ravi Kumar Sabharwal said basmati crop grew on 69,000 hectares in the district this season.

He said there was no remedy to this disease at this stage. "Basmati growers of the district should immediately drain out the standing water from their fields. Do not spray any insecticides on the affected crops. Consult the agriculture development officer of their respective area before adopting any remedy,"said Sabharwal.

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Pusa Basmati rice set for a comeback in Goa

Agricultural scientists in Goa are trying to revive the cultivation of Pusa variety of Basmati rice, which was tried unsuccessfully in the coastal state about a decade back.

India Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR) has been working with the farmers in Taleigao village near here to shift the paddy cultivation from normal to Pusa variety of Basmati rice, which has a high export value.

Initial attempts are garnering a good response with farmers coming forward to plant this variety and some even ready to cultivate it on a large area of land in Taleigao village, ICAR scientist Dr H R Prabhudesai said.

"This crop grows well in monsoons. The farmers who tried it are now fetching good results of this export variety of the rice," he said.

The variety, developed by Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI), was initially tried by farmers in the coastal state in 1990s, Prabhudesai said, adding that results were good but Goa lacked the facility to mill the rice.

State agriculture department cultivated 1,500 hectare of its land with this variety then, but later shifted to the conventional variety, the scientist said.

"The improper milling resulted in the rice getting cut into pieces which discouraged the farmers," he said.

The ICAR scientists reworked on their attempt this year and have been getting an encouraging response.

"Goa still does not have milling facility but the farmers have decided to visit nearing Ramnagar in Karnataka to mill the rice," he said.

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BHU scientists develop new variety of Basmati rice with higher yield

BHU scientists develop new variety of Basmati rice with higher yield
VARANASI: The agriculture scientists of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) have developed a Basmati rice variety (HUBR 10-9), which recorded 60% higher yield than TarawadiBasmati, 20% higher than PusaBasmati and 12% higher than Pusa 1121.

The 66th meeting of the Central Varietal Release Committee held at New Delhi recommended HUBR 10-9 (Malaviya Basmati Dhan 10-9) developed by BHU scientists for notification to the states of Punjab and Haryana. The scientists of the department of genetics and plant breeding, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, HK Jaiswal (senior rice breeder), RP Singh (senior rice breeder) and VK Srivastava, (senior rice agronomist) developed this variety. HUBR-10-9 possesses long aromatic fine grains.



बासमती धान को ऊपर से काटते वक्त रखे समय का ध्यान

जागरण संवाद केंद्र, पानीपत : बासमती धान अधिक बढ़ने पर अधिकांश किसान फसल को ऊपर से काट रहे हैं। ऐसा धान की फसल को गिरने से बचाने के लिए किया जा रहा है। वैसे तो बासमती धान को ऊपर से कटाने से फसल की पैदावार पर कोई असर नहीं पड़ेगा, लेकिन रोपाई के 60 दिनों बाद काटने से नुकसान हो सकता है। ऐसे में बासमती धान की कटाई से पहले विशेषज्ञों की सलाह लेना जरूरी है।

आमतौर पर बासमती धान के पौधे अधिक लंबे हो जाते हैं। धान के पौधे नाजुक होते हैं और थोड़ी सी हवा चलते ही लंबा पौधा गिर जाता है। इसलिए किसान बासमती धान को ऊपर से काट देते हैं, लेकिन पौधों की कटाई करते समय खास बातों पर ध्यान देना बहुत जरूरी है। विशेषज्ञों का मानना है कि यदि बासमती धान के पौधे अधिक लंबे हो जाएं तो रोपाई के 55 से 60 दिनों के अंदर ऊपर से कटाई कर सकते हैं। अगर 60 दिनों के बाद फसल की कटाई करेंगे तो इसका सीधा असर फसल की पैदावार पर पड़ेगा। निर्धारित समय के बाद ऊपर से फसल काटने से पौधे में पत्तों की संख्या कम हो जाएगी, जिससे पौधा पर्याप्त मात्रा में भोजन नहीं बना सकेगा। जब पौधे को पर्याप्त खुराक नहीं मिलेगी तो फसल की पैदावार पर असर पड़ेगा।

कटे हुए पत्ते को पशुओं को न खिलाएं

बासमती धान को ऊपर से कटाने के बाद पशुओं को न खिलाएं। विशेषज्ञों का कहना है बासमती धान के पत्ते नुकीले होते हैं। अगर कटे हुए पत्ते पशु खाएंगे तो पशुओं के मुंह को नुकसान पहुंचा सकते हैं। इसलिए बासमती धान को ऊपर से काटने के बाद फेंक दें।

समय का ध्यान रखना जरूरी : गर्ग

कृषि वैज्ञानिक डॉ. राजबीर गर्ग का कहना है कि बासमती धान को ऊपर से काटने से पहले समय का ध्यान रखना बहुत जरूरी है। रोपाई के 60 दिनों बाद धान की ऊपर से कटाई करने से फसल की पैदावार पर असर पड़ेगा। इसलिए विशेषज्ञों की सलाह पर ही धान की ऊपर से कटाई करें।

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Rice gathers steam on overseas demand

 Karnal, Aug. 22:  Prices of aromatic rice varieties ruled firm, while fresh buying by the neighbouring States kept non-basmati and brokens rice unchanged this week.

Praveen Kumar, a rice miller, told Business Line that demand for brokens from the Uttar Pradesh and the Sela rice from Rajasthan kept non-basmati and brokens firm.

On the exports front, overseas demand especially from Iran may help India to export about 3.8 tonnes of aromatic rice in 2013-14, while 7.5 tonnes non-basmati rice are also likely to be exported.

In the physical market, Pusa-1121 (steam) sold at Rs 8,000 a quintal, while Pusa-1121 (sela) quoted at Rs 7,650-7,700.

Pure basmati (raw) was Rs 8,650. Duplicate basmati (steam) sold at Rs 6,550.

For the brokens of Pusa-1121, Dubar quoted at Rs 3,600, Tibar sold at Rs 4,250 while Mongra was at Rs 2,900.

In the non-basmati section, Sharbati (Steam) sold at Rs 4,500-4,600 while Sharbati (Sela) quoted at Rs 4,300.

Permal (raw) sold at Rs 2,300-2,350 while Permal (sela) went for Rs 2,300 . PR-11 (sela) sold at Rs 2,900 while PR-11 (Raw) quoted at Rs 2,750 . PR14 (steam) sold at Rs 3,100 a quintal.
Paddy arrivals

Around 5,000 bags of different paddy varieties arrived from the Uttar Pradesh. About 500 bags of Pusa-1121 arrived and quoted at Rs 3,250 . Around 4.500 bags of PR arrived and quoted at Rs 1,220 a quintal.

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Foot rot a serious bottleneck in successful cultivation of basmati rice in Punjab: Punjab Agricultural University

 LUDHIANA: Foot rot, a fungal diseaseis a serious bottleneck in the successful cultivation of basmati rice in the Punjab State, say scientists at Punjab Agricultural University (PAU). The diseases if not checked can cause tremendous losses to yield.

The disease can be recognized by the elongation of affected plants in the nursery as well as in the field after transplantation. The affected plants turn yellow and do not produce any grain, and are ultimately die in the field. Roots are also formed from the lower nodes of the plants.

The surveys conducted by the scientists of the Punjab Agricultural University have revealed that the disease has started appearing in certain pockets of the villages in Bakhatpur (Kalanaur), Lakhanpur in Gurdaspur district, and Muchhlan, Jausmera in Amritsar district. A few reports of its occurrence have also been received from Patiala district. The University has recommended the protective seed treatment with solution of Bavistin (20g)+ Streptocycline (1g) in 10 litres of water before sowing of nursery and seedling root dip treatment in 0.2% (2gram/litre) solution of Bavistin before transplanting, the time for which has already passed.

Scientists of PAU have observed that In order to check this disease in the field, the farmers have started application of Sanjivani ( Trichoderma ) and Bavistin (carbendazim) mixed with sand which is a wasteful practice.

"So, it is advised to the farmers that post application of this treatment would not control this disease and it would unnecessarily result in increase in the cost of cultivation. Instead, they are advised to uproot the affected plants and replace them with new seedlings (if available) after treating in the 0.2% (2g/litre) solution of Bavistin (Carbendazim)," says a PAU advisory. "Another strategy which would be helpful to check this disease in future is the production of disease free seed. The same can be obtained by spraying 200 ml. of Tilt 25EC in 200 litres of water at boot stage of the crop. This seed can be used for the next year crop".

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लक्ष्य से आगे निकली बासमती धान की बुआई

 जाब्यू, लखनऊ : समय से पहले झमाझम बरसात के चलते धान बुआई लक्ष्य से आगे निकल रही है। बुधवार को कृषि अनुसंधान परिषद सभागार में आयोजित फसल मौसम सतर्कता समूह की बैठक में खरीफ फसलों के आच्छादन आंकड़ों पर चर्चा की गई। महानिदेशक राजेंद्र कुमार ने बताया कि धान, मक्का, ज्वार व बाजरा फसलों की बुआई क्षेत्रफल अनुमान पूरा होने को है। फसल आच्छादन के लक्ष्य 93.33 लाख हेक्टयर के सापेक्ष 84.98 लाख हेक्टयर की पूर्ति हो चुकी है। बासमती धान की बुआई लक्ष्य से आगे निकल चुकी है। अब तक प्राप्त आंकड़ों के अनुसार 5.91 लाख हेक्टयर के सापेक्ष 6.36 लाख हेक्टयर भूमि में बासमती सुगंधित धान की रोपाई हो चुकी है। इसी क्रम में अरहर, ज्वार, बाजरा व मक्का आदि की बुआई भी लक्ष्य के आसपास है। बुआई क्षेत्र बढ़ने की जानकारी को देखते हुए खरीफ का उत्पादन बढ़ने के आसार है।

बैठक में एकत्रित मौसम वैज्ञानिकों ने बताया कि आने वाले सप्ताह में प्रदेश के समस्त अंचलों में हल्की से मध्यम बरसात के आसार है लेकिन अलीगढ़, मथुरा, मेरठ, बदायूं, गाजियाबाद और हापुड़ जिलों में भारी वर्षा के संकेत मिल रहे है। सब्जियों की फसलों को कीड़ों से बचाने के लिए नीम का तेल इस्तेमाल करने की सिफारिश करते हुए कृषि वैज्ञानिकों ने किसानों को देर से धान की रोपाई करने के नुकसानों के बारे में बताया।

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Agri policy takes root: Area under basmati increases, paddy decreases

Amritsar, Punjab : The area under basmati in Amritsar this year will cross 1 lakh hectares, an increase of 13,500 hectares over last year, while the area under paddy will fall from 97,000 hectares to 81,000 hectares. Amritsar, Tarn Taran and Gurdaspur are major basmati growing areas not only in Punjab, but also in
the country.

Under the new agriculture policy prepared by the Punjab Farmers Commission, the area under paddy is proposed to be cut down by about 12 lakh hectares in the state. This proposal was mooted taking into consideration falling groundwater table, with paddy being targeted as it requires a huge quantity of water, which is met, mostly from tubewells.

The two varieties which are expected to occupy almost 80 percent of the area under basmati, not only in Amritsar district but also in the entire state, are Pusa – 1121 and Pusa – 1509. The traditional aromatic varieties like Punjab Basmati 1, Punjab Basmati 2 and Basmati 386 are also expected to occupy some of the area as these are in great demand by rice millers for export. PUSA-1509 is being introduced for the first time in the country.

PUSA 1509, is long grained like 1121, the earlier popular variety, but it will give a higher yield, which will touch 23-24 quintals per acre. In such a scenario the farmers are expected to go in for the new variety.

Being a short duration variety, PUSA-1509 will mature early and require less water. It will require at least six irrigations less than the 1121.

All India Rice Exporters Association and the union ministries concerned have also approved PUSA 1509 and the necessary notification on according it the basmati status has been issued, so that farmers have no doubt in their minds about the status of this variety.

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India Punjab State Plans Minimum Support Price for Basmati Rice, Tax Concessions for Traders

The loss in non-basmati rice production in India’s northern state of Punjab due to decreasing water supply in 2013-14 could turn into gain for basmati rice, with the state government planning to announce several benefits for farmers and buyers of basmati rice ahead of this year's Kharif (main) crop season (June - November).

According to local sources, the Punjab government may announce an MSP of around Rs. 2,500 per quintal (about $442 per ton) for basmati paddy rice in 2013-14 to lure farmers to switch from non-basmati rice to basmati rice cultivation under the state government’s crop diversification policy. The Punjab Chief Minister is also likely to announce tax benefits for traders if they purchase basmati rice at prices above the MSP. According to local traders, purchase prices of basmati paddy rice were around Rs. 2,400 – 2,500 per quintal (about $425 - $442 per ton) during sufficient supplies last year and around Rs. 3,500 per quintal (about $620 per ton) during the lean season.

Earlier this year, Member of Parliament and rice scientist Prof. M.S. Swaminathan said that basmati rice requires less water compared to non-basmati rice. The state government has since placed basmati rice among other crops in its crop diversification plan. Currently, around 750,000 hectares of total rice area of around 2.75 million hectares in Punjab is used for basmati rice cultivation. The state government plans to increase basmati rice acreage to around one million hectares in the next five years.

India produces around 7-8 million tons of basmati rice annually, including around 2.5 million tons produced in Punjab. India is the world's largest exporter of basmati rice with around 3.5 million tons of annual basmati exports.

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