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29
Jul

Macrocentrus philippinensis Ashmead

Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Braconidae
Genus : Macrocentrus
Species : philippinensis
Common Name : Braconid wasp

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Macrocentrus_philippinensis_Ashmead_68.htm
Photo Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Macrocentrus_philippinensis_Ashmead_68.htm
29
Jul

Description of Cotesia flavipes Cameron

Economic importance: Parasitoid.
Hosts: Stem borer and semilooper larvae.
Description
1. Cotesia flavipes is a black wasp. Its legs and short antennae are red except for the spotted brownish yellow to red basal part of the hind legs.
2. The tegulae, stigma, and costal veins of the wings are reddish brown. The first abdominal segment is widened behind and the apicolateral corners are weak and roundly constricted.
3. The ovipositor sheath of the female adult is short.
Biology and ecology

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cotesia_Apanteles_flavipes_Cameron_67.htm
29
Jul

Cotesia (=Apanteles) flavipes Cameron

Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Braconidae
Genus : Cotesia
Species : flavipes
Common Name : Braconid wasp

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file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cotesia_Apanteles_flavipes_Cameron_67.htm
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file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cotesia_Apanteles_flavipes_Cameron_67.htm
29
Jul

Description of Cotesia angustibasis

Economic importance: Parasitoid.
Hosts: Leaffolder larvae.
Description
1. These black braconid wasps are small and stout. Their head, and particularly their vertex, frons, and temples are very smooth and impunctate.
2. They have very clear wings. The anterior of their mesoscutums has distinct punctures. Their coxae and femora of the legs are all black.
3. The apical half of the hind tibia and the base of the hind tarsus are brownish black.

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cotesia_Apanteles_angustibasis_Gahan_65.htm
29
Jul

Cotesia (= Apanteles) angustibasis (Gahan)

Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Braconidae
Genus : Cotesia
Species : angustibasis
Common Name : Braconid wasp

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cotesia_Apanteles_angustibasis_Gahan_65.htm
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file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cotesia_Apanteles_angustibasis_Gahan_65.htm
29
Jul

Description of Cardiochiles philippinensis Ashmead

Economic importance: Parasitoid.
Hosts: Leaffolder larvae.
Description
1. Cardiochiles philippinensis is a black parasitoid of medium size. It has hairy eyes and black legs with white hairs.
2. The brown front wings have infuscation after the stigmal vein. The hindwings are also brown with infuscation along the costal area, basal one-fourth, and apical one-fourth. The tips of both wings are dark.
3. The immatures, particularly the larvae of C. philippinensis, are creamy white.
Biology and ecology

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cardiochiles_philippinensis_Ashmead_64.htm
29
Jul

Cardiochiles philippinensis Ashmead

Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Braconidae
Genus : Cardiochiles
Species : philippinensis
Common Name : Braconid wasp

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cardiochiles_philippinensis_Ashmead_64.htm
Photo Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Cardiochiles_philippinensis_Ashmead_64.htm
29
Jul

Description of Tomosvaryella (Pipunculus) subvirescens

Economic importance: Parasitoid.
Hosts: Nephotettix spp.
Description
1. Tomosvaryella subvirescens is a small black fly with large rounded head formed entirely by its compound eyes. Its shoulders or humeri are yellow.
2. It has hyaline wings. Its hind trochanters are trapezoidal. A hairy ridge on each femur is visible.
3. The abdomen of the male is stout and brownish black. It is clothed with short pubescence. Its posterior abdominal end is slightly twisted on the right side.
4. The female has a straight ovipositor.
Biology and ecology

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Tomosvaryella_Pipunculus_subvirescens.htm
29
Jul

Tomosvaryella (Pipunculus) subvirescens

Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Pipunculidae
Genus : Tomosvaryella
Species : subvirescens
Common Name : Big-headed fly

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file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Tomosvaryella_Pipunculus_subvirescens.htm
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file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Tomosvaryella_Pipunculus_subvirescens.htm
29
Jul

Description of Tomosvaryella oryzaetora

Economic importance: Parasitoid.
Hosts: Nephotettix spp.
Description
1. Tomosvaryella oryzaetora is a small black fly with large and round head covered entirely by its compound eyes. Its compound eyes do not meet at the middle on the front.
2. A narrow convergence point on the anterior of the ocelli is evident. It has black or gray shoulders or humeri. Its wings are tinged with brown. Its hind femora are devoid of hairs.
3. Both sexes have elongate and sub-cylindrical abdomens. All the segments are shining black and gray.

File Courtesy: 
http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/ipm/index.php/predators/100-scientific-name-tomosvaryella-oryzaetora-koizumi
29
Jul

Tomosvaryella oryzaetora (Koizumi)

Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Pipunculidae
Genus : Tomosvaryella
Species : oryzaetora
Common Name : Big-headed fly

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Tomosvaryella_oryzaetora_Koizumi_60.htm
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file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Tomosvaryella_oryzaetora_Koizumi_60.htm
29
Jul

Description of Pipunculus mutillatus

Economic importance: Parasitoid.
Hosts: Leafhopper.
Description
1. This small black fly has prominent setae on the lateral basal half of its abdominal tergum. Its legs are yellowish brown except for its femora and distal end of the tarsi.
2. A distinct brown spot is present on the marginal vein of the front wings.
3. The right side of the male genitalia has a narrow oblique cleft. The ovipositor of the female is curved toward the basal three abdominal segments.
Biology and ecology

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Pipunculus_mutillatus_Loew_58.htm
29
Jul

Pipunculus mutillatus (Loew)

Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Pipunculidae
Genus : Pipunculus
Species : mutillatus
Common Name : Big-headed fly

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Pipunculus_mutillatus_Loew_58.htm
29
Jul

Description of Pipunculus javanensis

Economic importance: Parasitoid.
Hosts: Leafhopper and planthopper nymphs and adults.
Description
1. The parasitoid is a black fly with a large head occupied mainly by its compound eyes. Its third antennal segment is dark brown.
2. It has a row of hairs and a distinct brown spot on the front wings. The legs are black except for the yellow patches along the tibiae and tarsi.
3. The tip of the fly’s abdomen is indented at the center. Its body length is 3 mm.

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Pipunculus_javanensis_de_Meijere_57.htm
29
Jul

Pipunculus javanensis de Meijere

Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Pipunculidae
Genus : Pipunculus
Species : javanensis
Common Name : Big-headed fly

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Pipunculus_javanensis_de_Meijere_57.htm
Photo Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Pipunculus_javanensis_de_Meijere_57.htm
29
Jul

Description of Goniozus nr. triangulifer Kieffer

Economic importance: Generalist predator.
Hosts: Leafhoppers, stem borers, and flies.
Description
1. Tetragnatha maxillosa is commonly known as the long-jawed spider. It has long legs and body, measuring 6 to 10 mm in length. Its eyes are arranged in two distinct rows.
2. Its abdomen is brownish yellow, with or without markings and usually four or more times longer than it is wide. It has a 3-segmented tarsus.
3. The male long-jawed spider has large chelicerae, which are as long as or longer than the carapace.
Biology and ecology

File Courtesy: 
http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/ipm/index.php/predators/96-scientific-name-goniozus-nr-triangulifer-kieffer
29
Jul

Goniozus nr. triangulifer Kieffer

Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Bethylidae
Genus : Goniozus nr
Species : triangulifer
Common Name - Bethylid wasp

File Courtesy: 
http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/ipm/index.php/predators/96-scientific-name-goniozus-nr-triangulifer-kieffer
Photo Courtesy: 
http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/ipm/index.php/predators/96-scientific-name-goniozus-nr-triangulifer-kieffer
29
Jul

Parasitoids

1. Insect parasites are mostly specialists.
2. They prey on one or very few species and then usually only attack one life stage, for instance the egg or larval stage.
3. Insect parasites, which are mostly wasps and flies, generally destroy their prey.

File Courtesy: 
http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/ipm/index.php/predators/94-parasitoids
Photo Courtesy: 
http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/ipm/index.php/predators/94-parasitoids
29
Jul

Description of Tetragnatha maxillosa

Economic importance: Generalist predator.
Hosts: Leafhoppers, stem borers, and flies.
Description
1. Tetragnatha maxillosa is commonly known as the long-jawed spider. It has long legs and body, measuring 6 to 10 mm in length. Its eyes are arranged in two distinct rows.
2. Its abdomen is brownish yellow, with or without markings and usually four or more times longer than it is wide. It has a 3-segmented tarsus.
3. The male long-jawed spider has large chelicerae, which are as long as or longer than the carapace.
Biology and ecology

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Tetragnatha_maxillosa_Thorell51.htm
29
Jul

Tetragnatha maxillosa

Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Family: Tetragnathidae
Genus : Tetragnatha
Species : maxillosa
Common Name - Long-jawed spider

File Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Tetragnatha_maxillosa_Thorell51.htm
Photo Courtesy: 
file:///G:/Beneficials/Scientific_name_Tetragnatha_maxillosa_Thorell51.htm
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