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Rice based Cropping/Farming Systems

Rice based Cropping/Farming Systems

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6
Aug

Unpuddled direct seeded rice

Direct sowing of rice can also be practised with the adoption of following points to make this technology a success:

1. Sow rice by direct seeding onlyin medium to heavy soils and its cultivation is not successful on light textured soils due to severe iron deficiency

2. Proper control of weeds is very essential for raising a healthy crop of direct seeded rice

3. Ensure its proper establishment by sowing it with rice drill

4. For direct sowing , sow during first fortnight of June by raising 8-10kg seed per acre with tractor drill at 20 cm row spacing. For controlling weeds apply Stomp 30 EC(pendimethalin @ 1.0 litre/acre with in two days of sowing followed by Nominee Gold/Taarak/Wash out/Macho 10SC(bispyribac)100ml per acre/Segment 50 DF(azimsulfuron@16g per acre at 30-35 days after sowing. Spray these herbicides uniformly by mixing them in 150-200 litres of water per acre and use flat fan/flood jet nozzle for spray. Use Nominee Gold 10 SC when the crop is infested with swank and paddy mothas and Segment 50 DF can be used only if paddy mothas are present in the field. Sowing of short duration varieties should be preferred.Apply 60kg nitrogen (130kg Urea) per acre in four equal splitsat two, four,seven and tenweeks after sowing. Phosphorus and potash should be applied only if the soil tests showdeficiency of these nutrients.To fulfill the water need of the crop, apply irrigation at 5 days intervaldepending upon the soil type. The interval may be adjusted with rainfall. Stop irrigation 10 days before harvesting. Depending upon the soil type, there will be saving of 10-15 percent irrigationwater in direct seeded rice as compared to transplanted rice

5. For direct seeding PR 115 is the most suitable variety

File Courtesy: 
Package of practices for crops of Punjab: PAU Ludhiana
24
Jan

Commercialization of Rice-Fish Farming System

 Model of CRRI-A Scuccess Story by D.P Sinhababu and G.A.K Kumar 


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5
Aug

Rice based cropping pattern

The crop and cropping intensity of Chhattisgarh is depend on soil types and its moisture retention capacity of soils in rainfed farming and follow suitable cropping system in irrigated areas. Based on crop area, the major cropping pattern in three agro-climatic zones of Chhattisgarh is as follows.
Chhattisgarh Plain Zones
Rice- Fallow
Rice- Utera (lathyrus/ linseed)
Rice- Linseed / chickpea/ lentil/ wheat/ mustard/ safflower
Rice- Rice
Bastar Plateau zone
Rice- fallow
Rice- Fallow/ chickpea/ linseed/ vegetables
Rice – chickpea/ linseed/ vegetables
Northern hills zone
Rice- fallow

File Courtesy: 
IGKV, Raipur
4
Aug

Farming System IV (modern)

The components of this Farming System IV are as follows:

 Settled cultivation in the valley lands between the two hills, bullock ploughing under rainfed condition, various types of agricultural crops are grown .

 Rearing of livestock like cattle, pig, goat and poultry.

  Horticultural plantation.

 Cultivation of annual and seasonal crops like cereals, pulses, oilseeds and vegetable with improved technology on the terraces on hill slopes made by the Government.

 Plantation crops like rubber.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
4
Aug

Farming System III (semi-modern)

Five components are found to have existed in this Farming System III .

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
4
Aug

Farming System I (Traditional) of Meghalaya

This Farming System I was found to have three components:

  • Settled cultivation in the valley lands between the two hills, bullock ploughing under rainfed condition, various types of agricultural crops are grown .
  • Shifting cultivation in the hill slopes. A single crop of rice or maize and mixed crops of rice + maize + cotton + tapioca +ginger are grown.
  • Rearing of livestock like cattle, pig, goat and poultry.
File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
4
Aug

Farming System 2 (Marginally Modern)

The components of this Farming System are:

  • Settled cultivation in the valley lands between the two hills, bullock ploughing under rainfed condition, various types of agricultural crops are grown.
  • Shifting cultivation in the hill slopes. A single crop of rice or maize and mixed crops of rice + maize + cotton + tapioca +ginger are grown.
  • Rearing oflivestock like cattle, pig, goat and poultry.
  • Growing of horticultural crops like areca nut, banana, orange and pineapple in hill slopes.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
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