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5
Aug

Preparation of the main field for Irrigated Rice

 

1. Dry plough the field three weeks before planting time and submerge by flooding with 5 – 10 cm of standing water.

2. Add 10 tonnes of farm yard manure, or 10 – 20 tonnes of green manure (Sesbania, Sunhemp, Glyricidia or cowpea) and incorporate by puddling.

3. These green manure crops could be sown in pre-kharif season. Apply basally recommended fertilizers for your area before the last puddle and incorporate. Level fields well.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
CRRI
5
Aug

Raising of nursery for irrigated Rice

 

Nursery. Seedlings can be raised using wet nursery or dry nursery. Dry nursery is recommended on hills.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
ZARS, Mandya
5
Aug

Harvesting

1. Harvest when more than 95% plants are mature. It may be needed to provide protection against birds at harvesting stage.

2. Leave the border rows and select the seeds from middle rows for storage.

3. Store seeds after proper sun drying in a dry place. Label seeds properly.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
5
Aug

Disease and pest control

 

1. Rice blast is the major disease. Seed dressing with tricyclazol or triconazol gives protection for 40 – 60 days. It may be needed to give one foliar spray also.

2. Consult you local agriculture officer for suitable fungicide for your area. Stem borer, root aphids, termites are effectively controlled by basal application of carbofuran.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
Mr. Y. Kondal Rao (DRR)
5
Aug

Interculture and weed control

 

1. Adopt hand weeding or harrowing thrice at 20, 40 and 60 days after germination. Apply fertilizer only after weeding.

2. A combination of chemical (2, 4-D) Sodium salt 80% @ 0.75-1.0 kg/ha and manual control will produce better results.

3. Rogue all off type plants as and when detected.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
5
Aug

Seed selection and seed rate

 

Seed selection : Select seeds using common salt solution as described earlier.

Seed rate and sowing :.Use 60 – 80 kg seeds per hectare. Treat seeds with a systemic fungicide (consult agriculture officer of your locality for brand name) overnight.

Sow seeds thinly in furrows and cover with soil. Irrigate the field if the soil is very dry and rain is not expected within 2 – 3 days.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
Mr. Chaitanya, DRR
5
Aug

Fertilize Application

1. Use 60kg/ha nitrogen in three split dosages.

2. Apply the first dose as basal dose, second as top dress at active tillering stage (40 – 45 days after germination) and the third just before panicle initiation.

3. Phosphorus and potash fertilizers are applied as basal dose.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
5
Aug

Land Preparation for Rainfed Upland rice

 

1. With the initial summer rainfall, prepare the field. Plough the field well. Use the disc harrow twice. Apply farm yard manure at 10 t/ha.

2. Apply lime every 3 years. Determine dosage after soil testing. Furrow application of lime will reduce lime requirement. Ensure proper leveling of the field before sowing. Make uniform rows at 25cm distance.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
CRRI
5
Aug

Harvesting of Rice Crop

 

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
Dr.R.M. Kumar (DRR)
4
Aug

Weed Management in Rice

 

Weed Management Practices in Direct Sown Rice:

1. By ensuring thorough land preparation, the weed can be minimized. Summer ploughing is generally recorded for facilitating stubble management as well as weed control.

2. Rain water conservation, preparation of seed bed before sowing by way of providing one round harrowing and levelling after the land preparation minimizes weeds.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
Mr. Chaitanya, DRR
4
Aug

Water Management in Rice

 

Water Management in Transplanted rice :

1. Continuous submergence of 2-5 cm during crop growth (transplanting to maturity) gave higher yield. This practice helps to suppress weed growth right from the beginning.

2. Water is drained out during fertilizer application. The depth of water should not exceed 5 cm in the field particularly at the tillering stage of the crop.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
ZARS, Mandya
4
Aug

Manure and fertilizers

 

a) Direct sown:

In upland direct seeded crop, application of 60 : 60 : 40 kg Nitrogen (N) in the form of urea or ammonium sulphate, Phosphorus (P) in the form of single super phosphate and Potash (K) as Murate of potash should be applied.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
CRRI
4
Aug

Sowing / Transplanting time

 

A) Direct sowing: 20 cm row to row (5gm seed / 3 meter row).

B) Transplanting: 1. 20 x 10 cm. 2. 10 x 10 cm, if transplanting is delayed.

3. High and mid altitude areas: 4 -5 seedlings/hill.

4. Low altitude/valley land: 2 to 3 seedling/hill.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
CRRI
4
Aug

Sowing / Transplanting time

 

A) Direct sowing: 20 cm row to row (5gm seed / 3 meter row).

B) Transplanting: 1. 20 x 10 cm. 2. 10 x 10 cm, if transplanting is delayed.

3. High and mid altitude areas: 4 -5 seedlings/hill.

4. Low altitude/valley land: 2 to 3 seedling/hill.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
Dr.R.M. Kumar (DRR)
4
Aug

Seed Requirement

Seed treatment: Soak the seeds in Bavistin 50 WP @ 0.1% (1g/litre) solution for 24 hours.

Seed rate:

• Direct seeding @ 80 -100 kg/ha.

• Transplantation @ 35 -40 kg/ha.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
Dr.R.M. Kumar (DRR)
4
Aug

Methods of Sowing

 

1. Direct sowing: Four ploughings are necessary for getting good tilth and well-pulverised soil.

Apply lime @ 2 t/ha at least 1-2 weeks before sowing every3rd year.

Lime should be applied at least 1-2 weeks before sowing. Liming should be repeated every 3-4 years.

All the phosphorous and Potash should be placed in furrow before sowing.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
CRRI
4
Aug

Soil of Meghalaya

 

1. Rice can be grown on wide range of soils viz., sandy loam to silty clay loam.

2. pH around 6.0 is the most suitable for good rice production.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
4
Aug

Production technology of rice in Meghalaya

1. Rice is the most important cereal crop of North Eastern Hill. It is the staple food of the inhabitants of the region.

2. Presently its average yield is low as compared to that of the country.

3.The increase in productivity of rice will ensure food security of the region.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
4
Aug

Harvesting

 

1. Harvest when more than 95% plants are mature.

2. It may be needed to provide protection against birds at harvesting stage.

3. Leave the border rows and select the seeds from middle rows for storage.

4. Store seeds after proper sun drying in a dry place. Label seeds properly.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
CRRI
4
Aug

Weed control and interculture

 

1. Adopt hand weeding 2-3 times at 20 days interval starting from 20 days after planting. This is done before the top dressing of urea.

2. Wherever weed problem is acute, selectively apply selective herbicides after the seed germination and before emergence of the weeds.

3.Apply Butachlor @ 1. 5-2.0 kg/ha at the time of transplanting (pre-emergence) followed by hand weeding at 25-30 days after transplanting.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH, Umiam
Photo Courtesy: 
CRRI
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