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Recommended POP

Recommended POP
23
Jul

Sowing of nurseries and seed rate required for Krishna Zone

Time for Sowing of nursery :

Sowing can be done Up to July 15th .

Seed rate required:

• For Nursery transplanting 20-25 Kg,

• for dry seed nurseries 25-30 Kg,

• For Direct seeding (in deltas) 16-20 Kg,

• For Direct Seeding with Gorru 30-35 Kg,

• For SRI method 2 Kg per acre is required.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Districts come under Krishna zone

The districts come under Krishna zone are

Krishna

Guntur

Prakasam.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Harvesting and storage of High Altitude and Tribal zone

• Harvesting should be done when at least 75% of the grains are matured. If the crop is harvested without proper maturity it leads to loss of viability of grains.

• The harvested material should be dried in the field for 2-3 days.

• The grain should be free from inert material after threshing and winnowing.

• The winnowed grains should be sun dried until the moisture content reaches less than 13%.

• Both over drying and under drying will lead to breakage of the grain during processing.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Chemical control of pests at Post flowering stage High Altitude and Tribal zone

BPH/WBPH: • The insecticides as recommended at boot stage should be used.

Cutworm:

• Irrigate the field and spray in the evening hours with any of the following combinations, dichlorvos @ 1.0 ml + endosulfan @ 2.0 ml (or) dichlorovos 1.0 ml + chlorpyriphos 2.5 ml/litre of water.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Chemical control of pests at Panicle initiation to booting stage in High Altitude and Tribal zone

BPH/WBPH:
• Spray acephate @ 1.5 g or monocrotophos @ 2.2 ml or ethofenprox @ 2.0 ml or fenobucarb @ 2.0 ml or imidacloprid @ 0.25 ml or thiamethoxam @ 0.2 g or Buprofuzin 1.6ml per litre of water.
• Spray fluid (200 litres/acre) should be directed towards the base of the plant.
• Avoid spraying of combination of insecticides and synthetic pyrethroids.
• If second spray is warranted alternate the previous chemical preferably belonging to another group.
Stemborer:

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Chemical control of pests at Tillering stage in High Altitude and Tribal zone

Stemborer, Thrips and Hispa:

• Spray monocrotophos @ 36 SL 1.6 ml or chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 2.5 ml or phosphamidon 40 SL@ 2.0 ml/litre of water.

Gallmidge:

• Apply phorate 10G @ 12.5 kg/ha or carbofuran 3 G @ 25 kg/ha at 15 DAT in 1– 2 inches of standing water.

Leaf folder:

• Spray profenophos @ 2.0 ml or chlorpyriphos @ 2.5 ml or monocrotophos 36 SL @ 1.6 ml/litre of water.

Hispa:

• Spray profenophos @ 2.0 ml or chlorpyriphos @ 2.5 ml or monocrotophos @1.6 ml/litre of water .

Leaf mite:

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Plant Protection for High Altitude and Tribal zone

1. Plant protection measures are of two types
• Cultural practices
• Chemical control

2. Chemical control Practices can be done at different stages of crop growth like Tillering stage, Panicle initiation to booting stage, Post flowering.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Irrigation management for High Altitude and Tribal zone

• Avoid moisture stress at tillering, panicle initiation, flowering and grain filling stages .

• A thin film of water (2-3 cm) should be maintained at the time of weedicide application and should not be drained upto one week.

• Maintain water level at 5 cm depth during first seven days after planting and there after up to completion of tillering at 2-3 cm depth .

• Maintain water level at 5 cm depth from panicle initiation to grain maturity.

• Drain the water before fertilizer application.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Fertilizer recommendations for High Altitude and Tribal zone

a) Fertilizer recommendations in nursery

• Basal fertilization with 0.5 kg of `N’; 0.5 kg of `P’ and 0.5 Kg of `K’ per every 100 sq.mt is required to get robust seedlings, followed by another 0.5 kg `N’ at 12 days after sowing.

• Spray ZnSO4 @ 2.0 g /l for correction of Zinc deficiency if deficiency is observed.

• Spray 5-10 g Ferrous sulphate (or) Ferrous ammonium sulphate with 0.5 to 1.0 gram of citric acid per litre of water to correct Iron deficiency in the nursery crop.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Weed control for High Altitude and Tribal zone

• Weed growth should be checked during first four weeks after transplanting (two hand weeding at 20 and 40 days after transplanting).

• Application of Butachlor @ 1.25 l/acre (or) Pretilachlor @ 600 ml (or) Anilophos @ 500 ml /acre by mixing 25 kg of sand when monocot and sedges dominates at 3-5 DAT in thin film of water to control grasses and sedges effectively.

• If Echinocloa is a problem apply Benthiocarb @ 1.25 l/acre.

• To control broad-leaved weeds, apply 2,4 –DEE granules @ 8-10 kg/acre at 3-5 DAT.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Sowing nurseries and seed rate for High Altitude and Tribal zone

Time of Sowing:

Sowing nurseries can be done up to June 30th .

Seed rate recommended :

• For Nursery transplanting 20-25 Kg,

• for dry seed nurseries 25-30 Kg,

• For Direct seeding (in deltas) 16-20 Kg,

• For Direct Seeding with Gorru 30-35 Kg,

• For SRI method 2 Kg per acre is required

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Land preparation for High Altitude and Tribal zone

• Ploughing followed by puddling ten days before transplanting and by following perfect leveling.

• Normally 33 hills/ sq.mt. (20 x 15 cm) is optimum plant density for heavy and fertile soils.

• In light and sub marginal soils a spacing 15 x 15 cm (44 hills/esq.) may be adopted.

• In delayed conditions, adopt 44 hills/sq.mt.

• In order to reduce the weed growth and for better water management, good leveling of the main field has to be followed.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Districts comes under High Altitude and Tribal Zone

The Districts comes under high altitude and tribal zone are

Vijayanagaram

Vishakhapatnam

East Godavari

Khammam

Parts of Srikakulam.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Harvesting and storage for Godavari Zone

• Harvesting should be done when at least 75% of the grains are matured. If the crop is harvested without proper maturity it leads to loss of viability of grains.

• The harvested material should be dried in the field for 2-3 days.

• The grain should be free from inert material after threshing and winnowing.

• The winnowed grains should be sun dried until the moisture content reaches less than 13%.

• Both over drying and under drying will lead to breakage of the grain during processing.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Chemical control of pests at Post flowering stage for Godavari Zone

BPH/WBPH:

• The insecticides as recommended at boot stage should be used.

Cutworm:

• Irrigate the field and spray in the evening hours with any of the following combinations, dichlorvos @ 1.0 ml + endosulfan @ 2.0 ml (or) dichlorovos 1.0 ml + chlorpyriphos 2.5 ml/litre of water.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Chemical control of pests at Panicle initiation to booting stage for Godavari Zone

BPH/WBPH:

• Spray acephate @ 1.5 g or monocrotophos @ 2.2 ml or ethofenprox @ 2.0 ml or fenobucarb @ 2.0 ml or imidacloprid @ 0.25 ml or thiamethoxam @ 0.2 g or Buprofuzin 1.6ml per litre of water.

• Spray fluid (200 litres/acre) should be directed towards the base of the plant.

• Avoid spraying of combination of insecticides and synthetic pyrethroids.

• If second spray is warranted alternate the previous chemical preferably belonging to another group.

Stemborer:

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Chemical control of pests at Tillering stage for Godavari Zone

Stemborer, Thrips and Hispa:

• Spray monocrotophos @ 36 SL 1.6 ml or chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 2.5 ml or phosphamidon 40 SL@ 2.0 ml/litre of water.

Gallmidge:

• Apply phorate 10G @ 12.5 kg/ha or carbofuran 3 G @ 25 kg/ha at 15 DAT in 1– 2 inches of standing water.

Leaf folder:

• Spray profenophos @ 2.0 ml or chlorpyriphos @ 2.5 ml or monocrotophos 36 SL @ 1.6 ml/litre of water.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Cultural practices recommended for control of insect pests in Godavari Zone

Cultural practices recommended for reducing the build up of insect pests.

• Summer ploughing.

• Grow suitable resistant varieties.

• Use recommended doses of fertilizers.

• Clipping of the leaf tips of seedlings while planting.

• Adopt normal spacing.

• Formation of alleyways.

• Alternate wetting and drying.

• Weed management.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Plant Protection for Godavari Zone

1. Plant protection measures are of two types

• Cultural practices.
• Chemical control

2. Chemical control Practices can be done at different stages of crop growth like Tillering stage, Panicle initiation to booting stage, Post flowering.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
23
Jul

Irrigation for Godavari Zone

• Avoid moisture stress at tillering, panicle initiation, flowering and grain filling stages.

• A thin film of water (2-3 cm) should be maintained at the time of weedicide application and should not be drained up to one week.

• Maintain water level at 5 cm depth during first seven days after planting and there after up to completion of tillering at 2-3 cm depth.

• Maintain water level at 5 cm depth from panicle initiation to grain maturity.

• Drain the water before fertilizer application.

• Drain the field one week before harvest.

File Courtesy: 
APRRI, Maruteru
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