1. In this disease, a few grains in an ear are affected, the infection being either partly or wholly. The symptoms appear first as minute black Streaks bursting through the glumes at the ripening.
2. If the infected grain is crushed between the fmgers, a black powdery mass of spores emerges. The causal organism of the disease is Tilletia barclayana.
3. The is that develops inside the grain is filled with spores, which are spherical and dark, with a spiny epispore. The spore germinates and produces sporadic. These produce secondary sporadics in large numbers.