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Punjab

6
Aug

Transplanting

(i) Dates of Transplanting : Time of transplanting is a single factor which influences rice yield substantially. For getting maximum yield of rice and for the timely vacation of the field for sowing wheat and other crops adopt the following transplanting schedule :

 Second fortnight of June : PR 122, PR 121, PR 118, PR 116, PR 114, PR 113 and PR 111

 Under late sown conditions : PR 115

(ii) Age of Seedlings at Transplanting : Start uprooting the nursery when the seedlings become 25 to 30 days old. As the transplanting proceeds, use seedlings from the same nursery sown in May. Seedlings older than 30 days upto 55 days give better yield under late transplanting for long duration varieties. However, in short duration varieties seedlings of 25-30 days should be preferred.

(iii) Uprooting of Seedlings : irrigate the nursery before uprooting, Wash the seedlings in water to remove mud.

(iv) Method of Transplanting :

(a) Flat puddled transplanting : Transplant seedlings in lines at 20 x 15 cm (33 hills/sq m) for normal and 15 x 15 cm (44 hills/sq m) for the late transplanting. Put 2 seedlings per hill. The seedlings should be transplanted upright and about 2-3 cm deep. This practice ensures good establishment of seedlings and early tillering, which are essential for good tiller development and synchronous flowering.

(b) Bed transplanting : Transplant 30 days old seedlings on the middle of the slopes of beds prepared with wheat bed planter on heavy textured sols. After field preparation (without puddling), apply basal dose of fertilizer and prepare beds. Irrigate the furrows and immediately transplant seedlings by maintaining a plant to plant distance of 9 cm to ensure 33 seedlings/m2. During the first 15 days after transplanting rrigation water should be allowed to pass over the beds once in 24 hours. Threreafter apply irrigation in furrows only two days after

the ponded water has infiltrated into the soil. Every care should be taken that field does not develop cracks in the furrows. In this way about 25 per cent of total applied irrigation water can be saved without affecting the grain yield. For controlling weeds spray Nominee Gold/washout 10 SC (bispyribac) at 120 ml per acre in 150 litres of water as post emergence‘, 20-25 days after transplanting. Hand pulling of weeds can be done, if needed. Follow other cultural practices as recommended for flat puddled transplanted rice.

File Courtesy: 
PAU, Ludhiana
6
Aug

Long slender grain varieties of Punjab

File Courtesy: 
PAU, Ludhiana
6
Aug

Basmati/Aromatic rice varieties of Punjab

File Courtesy: 
PAU,Ludhiana
6
Aug

Coarse grain varieties of Punjab

File Courtesy: 
PAU,Ludhiana
6
Aug

Unpuddled direct seeded rice

Direct sowing of rice can also be practised with the adoption of following points to make this technology a success:

1. Sow rice by direct seeding onlyin medium to heavy soils and its cultivation is not successful on light textured soils due to severe iron deficiency

2. Proper control of weeds is very essential for raising a healthy crop of direct seeded rice

3. Ensure its proper establishment by sowing it with rice drill

4. For direct sowing , sow during first fortnight of June by raising 8-10kg seed per acre with tractor drill at 20 cm row spacing. For controlling weeds apply Stomp 30 EC(pendimethalin @ 1.0 litre/acre with in two days of sowing followed by Nominee Gold/Taarak/Wash out/Macho 10SC(bispyribac)100ml per acre/Segment 50 DF(azimsulfuron@16g per acre at 30-35 days after sowing. Spray these herbicides uniformly by mixing them in 150-200 litres of water per acre and use flat fan/flood jet nozzle for spray. Use Nominee Gold 10 SC when the crop is infested with swank and paddy mothas and Segment 50 DF can be used only if paddy mothas are present in the field. Sowing of short duration varieties should be preferred.Apply 60kg nitrogen (130kg Urea) per acre in four equal splitsat two, four,seven and tenweeks after sowing. Phosphorus and potash should be applied only if the soil tests showdeficiency of these nutrients.To fulfill the water need of the crop, apply irrigation at 5 days intervaldepending upon the soil type. The interval may be adjusted with rainfall. Stop irrigation 10 days before harvesting. Depending upon the soil type, there will be saving of 10-15 percent irrigationwater in direct seeded rice as compared to transplanted rice

5. For direct seeding PR 115 is the most suitable variety

File Courtesy: 
Package of practices for crops of Punjab: PAU Ludhiana
6
Aug

Rice root weevil

This weevil is a localized pest in the rice area around Rajpura. However this pest has also been observed in some other areas in the state.Its white ,legless grubsfeed on roots in the soil from July to September.The attacked plants turn yellow , stunted and produce only a few tillers .

Control : Apply any of the following granular pesticides in standing water: 3kg of Thimet/Foratox 10G(phorate) per acre

File Courtesy: 
Package of practices for crops of Punjab- PAU Ludhiana
16
Mar

Non-aromatic Rice varieties for Punjab – Pusa 44

File Courtesy: 
IARI
Photo Courtesy: 
IARI
16
Mar

Fine grain aromatic basmati rice variety for Punjab–Pusa Basmati 1

File Courtesy: 
IARI
Photo Courtesy: 
IARI
16
Mar

Fine grain aromatic basmati rice variety for Punjab–Pusa Sugandh 2

File Courtesy: 
IARI
Photo Courtesy: 
IARI
16
Mar

Fine grain aromatic basmati rice variety for Punjab–Pusa Sugandh 3

File Courtesy: 
IARI
Photo Courtesy: 
IARI
16
Mar

Fine grain aromatic basmati rice variety for Punjab–Pusa RH 10 (Hybrid)

File Courtesy: 
IARI
Photo Courtesy: 
IARI
16
Mar

Fine grain aromatic basmati rice variety for Punjab –Pusa Basmati 1121

File Courtesy: 
IARI
Photo Courtesy: 
IARI
16
Mar

Fine grain aromatic basmati rice variety for Punjab –Pusa Sugandh 5 (Pusa 2511)

File Courtesy: 
IARI
Photo Courtesy: 
IARI
16
Mar

Fine grain aromatic basmati rice variety for Punjab – Improved Pusa Basmati 1 (Pusa 1460)

File Courtesy: 
IARI
Photo Courtesy: 
IARI
15
Mar

Fine grain aromatic basmati rice variety for Punjab – Pusa Basmati 6 (Pusa 1401)

File Courtesy: 
IARI
2
Aug

Leaf Folder

 

1. The larvae fold the leaves, eat out the green tissue and produce white streaks.

2. The damage is highest during August-October. Spray the crop when the leaf damage reaches 10 per cent (ETL) with 350 ml of Hostathion 40 EC (triazophos) or 1 litre of Coroban/ Durmet/ Force 20 EC (chlorpyriphos) or 560 ml of Monocil 36 SL (monocrotophos) in 100 litres of water per acre.

File Courtesy: 
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
Photo Courtesy: 
Mr. Y. Kondal Rao (DRR)
2
Aug

Grasshoppers

 

1. Grasshoppers can damage rice at all stages of crop growth.

2. Both nymphs and adults feed on leaves by cutting the edges of leaves at all the growth stages of the rice crop.

3. Damage is found more on the margins of the field.

4. They sometimes cut the plants similar to cut worms.

5. When the grasshoppers are in greater numbers they can even feed on the midribs and total leaves and cause extensive defoliation.

File Courtesy: 
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
Photo Courtesy: 
http://www.google.co.in/imgres
2
Aug

Grasshoppers

 

1. Grasshoppers can damage rice at all stages of crop growth.

2. Both nymphs and adults feed on leaves by cutting the edges of leaves at all the growth stages of the rice crop.

3. Damage is found more on the margins of the field.

4. They sometimes cut the plants similar to cut worms.

5. When the grasshoppers are in greater numbers they can even feed on the midribs and total leaves and cause extensive defoliation.

File Courtesy: 
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
Photo Courtesy: 
http://www.google.co.in/imgres
2
Aug

Rice-ear-cutting-caterpillar

1. The larvae of this insect are gregarious in habit and are commonly known as ‘armyworm’. The young larvae feed on leaves, leaving only the mid-ribs and stems.

2. The old larvae cut off the panicles mostly at the base and hence the name “rice ear cutting caterpillar”. This stage of the insect causes serious loss to the paddy crop.

3. The larvae are shy of sunlight and generally feed at night. The damage to paddy crop is caused mostly during September to November.

File Courtesy: 
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
2
Aug

Rice Root Weevil

1. This weevil is a localized pest in the rice area around Rajpura. However, this pest has also been observed in some other areas in the State.

2. Its white, legless grubs feed on roots in the soil from July to September. The attacked plants turn yellow, stunted and produce only a few tillers.

3. Apply one of the following granular insecticides in the standing water:- 3 kg of Thimet/Foratox 10G (phorate) per acre.

File Courtesy: 
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
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