CRRI, Technical Bulletin 3 (2008 August)
Parentage: Annada / CR 143-2-2
Release & notification: 1992
Breeder: Dr. K. Prasad
Ecology: Aerobic & semi-aerobic uplands
Area of adaptability: Orissa
Special feature: Semi-dwarf, duration 75 days, long bold grain, resistant to stink bug (rice bug) and rice tungro, suitable for multiple-cropping, average yield 2.0-2.5 t/ha, record yield 4.0 t/ha.
CRURRS's Varieties And Their Package Practices . 2008. Central Rainfed Upland Rice Research Station, Hazaribag, India, Extension Bulletin.pp.8
1. In this that water saving would be in the range of 35-40% while curtailing conventional irrigation water requirement of 1700-1800 mm (application efficiency 35-38%) to 1000-1200 mm (application efficiency 40-45%) in aerobic rice: that results in water productivity of 0.45-0.55 g grain'' liter of applied water compared with 0.25-0.30 g grain/ liter of applied water in conventional system
1. Grow a suitable non rice crop after growing aerobic rice in two successive seasons,
2. Grow groundnut, cowpea or green gram during dry season at alternate year in sequence with dry season-wet season aerobic rice system, or growing them at 2 years' interval in sequence with dry season aerobic rice alone.
3. Apply Curbofuran 3G at 33 kg/ha as precautionary measures against rice root -knot nematode (Meloidogyne graminicola), the most prevalent disease.
1. The optimum soil water condition would be maintained around field capacity (30-40 kPa'' 0.3-04 bar soil moisture potential) across the growth stages.
2. Apply irrigation upon visible symptom of developing hair cracks on surface soil, or initiation of tip rolling of first top leaves,
3. Irrigation, applied at this stage attaining the condition of saturated soil moisture regime.
4. Usually, scheduling irrigation at 5-7 days interval may supplement the optimum water requirement in aerobic rice.
1. For N application, use Leaf Colour Chart (LCC)
2. Apply N (Urea) at 20 kg /ha 12 days after crop emergence.
3. Apply 30 kg N/ha at each critical stage of N deficiency as indicated by LCC (scale 4),
4. Apply SSP and MOP, each at 60 kg/ha at sowing.
5. Apply ZnS04 at 20 kg/ha and FeSCi at 30 kg/ha at sowing in deficient soil or upon their deficiency at later stage.
1. Use finger weeder / hand racker, preferably in moist soil after irrigation to keep soil loosen by reducing soil compaction in addition to nip newer weed Hash.
2. Two manual weeding at 3 and 5 weeks* crop growth stage,
3. Alternately, applying pre-emergence herbicide, e.g., Pretilachlor at 1.0 lit/ha within 2-3 days of sowing followed by manual weeding at 5 weeks growth stage
1. Off-season/ summer ploughing at least one month before final land preparation,
2. Seed rate - 40-50 kg/ha , depth of sowing- 2-3 cm. spacing - 15 X 20 cm in wet season and 15X15 cm in dry season.
3. Optimum time of sowing - 1st to 2nd week of December in dry season and 1st- 2nd week of June in wet season.
4. Use manual/ bullock drawn seed drill for small areas, while tractor drawn seed drill for larger areas.
5. Apply well decomposed FYM within furrows during sowing.
Apo, Sahabhagi dhan, Annada - grain yield- 4.5-5.0 t/ha.
1. Rice, on aerobic condition, requires less water as compared with that grown with conventional irrigation.
2. Aerobic rice, basically managed like wheat or maize crops, is used to be grown under un-puddled, non saturated, well drained rainfed bunded upland or medium land conditions.
3. To reap a bountiful harvest in aerobic rice, both suitable variety as well as improved management needs to be adopted concurrent!
• 60 kg n, 30 kg p2o5 and k2o/ha during kharif season rabi - 80-90 kg n, 40 kg p2o5 and k2o/ha during dry season
• Kasturi, ranbir basmati and iet 8579(gitanjali, pusa basmati 1, pusa sugandh 2, pusa sugandh 4, ketakijoha)
• Ensure 33 -50 hills/m2. July planting in kharif (wet) and january /february in rabi(dry). Transplanting 27% superior to direct seeding.
1. Rice-groundnut(r 8808,icgs11,drg12,npg22),
2. Rice-mustard(pusa bold, m27, tlc2 and toria)
3. Rice - bhindi( hybrids)
4. Rice - cucumber ( hybrids)
5. Rice - watermelon ( sugar baby)
6. Rice - wheat
7. Rice - maize
8. Rice - sweet potato
9. Rice - potato - sesamum
Fertilizer management :
• Kharif - 60-75 kg n/ha in 50:50 (fym : urea) was comparable to three splits of prilled urea along with 40 kg each of p2o5 and k2o/ha
• Rabi - 90-100 kg n with 40 kg p2o5 and k2o/ha application of n in three splits ( 50%basal, 25% at active tillering and the rest 25% at panicle initiation)
Weed management :
• Pre-emergence application of butachlor (1kg ai./ha),thiobencarb(1 kg ai /ha) pretilachlor+ safner at 0.4 kg a.i./ha anilofos at 0.6 kg a.i./ha
• Kharif - Gayatri, Savitri,Dharitri
• Rabi - Annada, ratna, ir 36, udaya, cr 749-20-2, gautam.
Stand establishment ( planting):
• Kharif - july with 20 x 15 cm spacing
• Rabi - january with 15 x10 cm spacing
1. Rice +sesamum / mungbean
2. Rice + jute
3. Rice - lentil(at utera) with 50% higher seed rate than normal for lentil
4. Rice + fodder maize- linseed
5. Rice +fish (provided fish can be closed)
6. Sugarcane may also be profitably grown using cos 8118 variety in place of rice
Jaladhi-1, jaladhi -2, jalnidhi , jalmagna , jalpriya ,barh awarodhi , sudha, janaki , vaidehi(for bihar)
Stand establishment :
• Direct seeding during second fortnight of may in orissa but in march itself in other parts like bihar and assam, at 20 cm row spacing with a seed rate of 80 - 100 kg/ha (400-600 seedling/m2)
Fertilizer Management: 40 Kg N/Ha All Basal
1. Furrow placement of all the npk with fym (5 t/ha) at sowing proved the best
(40: 20:20 kg n: p2o5:k2o/ha).
2. Foliage pruning
3. To prevent lodging and fodder supply.
4. Once at 80-95 or 110-125 days after germination in variety cn 573-321-7-1
• Nalini,matangini, panidhan , lunishree
Stand establishment :
• Sowing during second fortnight of may using 400
seeds/m2 (80 kg/ha)
• Planting with clonal tillers/ aged seedlings
Weed control :
• Removal of wild rice ipomoea raptance (kalam) and gadgad, manually.
• Off-season tillage/summer ploughing,
• Application of butachlor @ 2 kg and thiobencarb @ 2 kg a.i./ha at first shower after seeding.