Goswami (1996) did an economic appraisal of indigenous hill farming systems (FS) in West Garo hills district of Meghalaya to identify the existing fanning systems and their transition flow to modern system of agriculture. Four types of indigenous farming systems were reported to have existed in West Garo Hill district of Meghalaya such as traditional FS, marginally modern FS, semi-modern FS and modern FS.
In the valley lands between the hills, rice is predominantly grown. Here the agriculture system followed is like that of plains. Jhum mixture is the predominant crop component occupying 29.50% of the gross cropped area. It is grown in the hill slopes by almost all the farm households. Next to jhum mixture, autumn rice occupies a larger scale of 19.94% of gross cropped area followed by winter rice,jhum rice and spring rice: In the valley and terraced lands, rice is the principal crop as it accounts for 52.88% (all rices) of the total cropped area. Major portion of the gross cropped area (55.62%) is in jhum land, followed by valley land (26.16%) and terraced land (26.16%). Of the total production, major share is from jhum (38.64%), followed by terrace (32.42%) and valley land (28.94%) indicating the dominance of jhum in the agriculture of the district.
A.K. Mohanty, Chandan Kapoor, R. Gopi, S. N. Meera and R. K. Avasthe, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, published in Rice Knowledge Management for Food and Nutritional Security.