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Jharkhand

25
Aug

Location specific Nutrient management to rice crop

Manure: Apply 5 tones FYM or Compost or 5 quintal Karanj or Neem cack per ha in direct seeded rice or before 15 days after transplanting. Karanj or Neem cack are also effective in controlling nematodes in field. Integrated Nutrient Management for Rice: INM approach is required to ensure higher yield. As for as possible, apply fertilizer as per soil test recommendation. If it is not followed, adopt blanket recommendation as follows in Jharkhand state.

File Courtesy: 
BAU,Ranchi
25
Aug

Low land ecosystem

1. (Don I) for transplanted rice.
Clay-loam soil, lowest in top sequence, suitable for long duration rice crop.

Suitable varieties: Swarna (MTU 7029), Rajshri, Sambha Mahsuri (BPT 5204) and Birsamati.

File Courtesy: 
BAU,Ranchi
25
Aug

Medium land ecosystem

Medium land (Don II and Don III) for transplanted rice
• Don II: Clay loam soil and Best for rice production, Rarely faces drought, Suitable for medium duration rice.
• Don III: Drought prone, clay loam soil, transitional lands between don & tanr, upper toposequence and suitable for short duration rice

Suitable varieties : Anjali, Birsa Vikash Dhan 110, Sahbhagi, Abhishek, Naveen, Lalat, IR 36 and IR 64 etc.

File Courtesy: 
BAU,Ranchi
25
Aug

Upland or Tanr land ecosystem

1. Upland or Tanr land (Tanr I, Tanr II &Tanr III) for direct seeded rice

• Tanr I: Loam soil and land immediately adjacent to the houses. Land used for vegetables, maize and rice seedlings.
• Tanr II: Sandy loam soil, gentle sloppy, good soil depth, low WHC, poor in organic matter, erosion prone, acidic in nature.
• Tanr III: Sandy loam soil, sloppy, poor soil fertility, shallow soil depth, low WHC, Near foothills and acidic in nature.

2. Suitable varieties : Birsa Dhan 108, Birsa Vikash Dhan 109 and Vandana etc.

File Courtesy: 
BAU,Ranchi
25
Aug

Distribution of rice based ecosystems for Jharkhand state

Rice based ecosystems for Jharkhand state are
1. Upland or Tanr land ecosystem
2. Medium land ecosystem
3. Low land ecosystem

File Courtesy: 
BAU,Ranchi
25
Aug

Distribution of rice based zone wise for Jharkhand state

1. The state is divided into the three rice sub zones.

File Courtesy: 
BAU,Ranchi
25
Aug

Agro climatic zones of Jharkhand

The state has been divided into 3 agro-climatic sub zones viz.,
Central and North eastern plateau sub zone, Western plateau sub zone and South eastern plateau sub zone. The soils are laterite, red-yellow loams, red sandy / gravelly type.

File Courtesy: 
Rice Almanac
18
Aug

Rice growing season of Jharkhand

There are three distinct seasons in Jharkhand under which rice is grown. Summer Rice (February-March to July-August); Kharif Rice (June to September); Boro Rice (October-November to April-May).

File Courtesy: 
Rice Almanac
18
Aug

Rice Based Cropping Systems in Jharkhand

1. Rice-Wheat/Rice/Potato/Vegetable.
2. Rice-Wheat.
3. Rice-Wheat-Green gram.
4. Rice-Wheat-Rice.
5. Rice-Chick pea-Berseem

File Courtesy: 
Rice Almanac
18
Aug

Importance of Agriculture in Jharkhand State Economy

1. The state has a cultivated area of about 1.8 m ha comprising 22% of the geographical area.

2. The net irrigated area is 0.16 m ha. Coverage under irrigation in rice is 5.6%. Rice, maize, wheat and chickpea are the main food crops.

3. The cropping intensity is about 126%. Being largely rainfed, rice is under cultivation in about 1.4 m ha under upland and shallow lands.

4. Rice is cultivated in 1.628 m ha of which 1.078 m ha is covered with high yielding varieties in 2006-07 which is 66.4%.

File Courtesy: 
Rice Almanac
18
Aug

Agro climatic zones of Jharkhand

The state has been divided into 3 agro-climatic sub zones viz.,
Central and North eastern plateau sub zone, Western plateau sub zone and South eastern plateau sub zone. The soils are laterite, red-yellow loams, red sandy / gravelly type.

File Courtesy: 
Rice Almanac
18
Aug

Geography, Climate of Jharkhand

1. Jharkhand is a newly formed state of the country and is situated between 21o58' and 25o30' N latitude and 83o22' and 88o40' E longitude.

2. The climate is warm and sub-humid with an average annual rainfall of 1372 mm.

File Courtesy: 
Rice Almanac
18
Aug

Jharkhand

1. Date of formation: 15th Nov 2000.
2. No. of districts: 24
3. Area: 79,714 sq km
4. Villages: 29,354
5. Capital: Ranchi
6. Towns: 152
7. Population: 26,909,428
8. Per capita income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs 19,066

File Courtesy: 
Rice Almanac
Photo Courtesy: 
Rice Almanac
28
Jul

Production technology for Transplanted Rice Cultivation

 

Varieties suitable for Transplanted Rice Cultivation.

1. Early (100-115 days): Anjali, Birsa Vikash Dhan 110 and Sahbhagi.

2. Medium (120-135days): Abhishek, Naveen, Lalat, IR 36 and IR 64.

3. Late (140 days): Swarna (MTU 7029), Rajshri, Sambha Mahsoori (BPT 5204) and Birsamati.

File Courtesy: 
BAU Ranchi
Photo Courtesy: 
Mr. Chaitanya, DRR
28
Jul

Production technology for Summer-Rice Cultivation (Garma Dhan)

 

Around 10,000 hectare lands near Baharagora and Getalsood dam of Jharkhand state are cultivated as summer-rice (garma dhan). Sowing should be done after 15th January when temperature is reducing.

Seed should be soaked in warm water for 24 hours, after that covers with wet jute bags.

Germinated seeds should be sown in puddled land. Covers with white plastic sheet during night cold.

File Courtesy: 
RARS, Karjat
Photo Courtesy: 
Mr. Chaitanya, DRR
28
Jul

Production technology for Rice Cultivation by SRI Method in Jharkhand

 

Variety : Any improved or hybrid variety.

Seed Rate : 5 kg/ha.

Nursery : Broadcasting 20 gm germinated seeds / m2 (Toatl 250 m2 area).

Transplanting : 8 or 12 days plant with soil from nursery in space of 25 X 25 cm (one plant per hill).

Mannure : 10 tons FYM / Compost or 5 q/ha Neem Cake before 15 days before sowing.

Fertilizer : 120:60:40 kg NPK / ha (dwarf variety) and 150:75:90 kg NPK / ha (hybrid variety).

Full doses of Phosphorus and Potash at the time of transplanting.

File Courtesy: 
BAU Ranchi
28
Jul

Production technology for Hybrid Rice Cultivation in Jharkhand

 

Variety : Proagro or Arise 6444, Arise 6201.

Date of Sowing : 1 June - 20 June.

Seed Rate : 15 kg/ha.

Mannure : 5 - 10 tons FYM / Compost or 5 q/ha Neem Cake before 15 15 days before sowing.

Fertilizer : 150:75:90 kg NPK / ha. Full dose of Phosphorus and 60 kg Potash (DAP and MOP) and ¼ Nitrogen at the time of transplanting.

File Courtesy: 
BAU Ranchi
Photo Courtesy: 
RARS, Karjat
28
Jul

Production technology for Aromatic Rice Cultivation

 

Variety: BR 10 and Birsamati.

Date of Sowing : 1 June - 25 June.

Fertilizer: 60:40:40 kg NPK / ha (BR 10) and 120:60:40 kg/ha (Birsamati).

Apply full dose of Phosphorus and Potash after puddling.

Apply ½ dose of Nitrogen at the time of transplanting and remaining doses as topdressing at 2 time, 3 and 6 weeks after transplanting.

Harvesting & Threshing : when 80% grains are ripped in field.

File Courtesy: 
BAU Ranchi
Photo Courtesy: 
CRRI
28
Jul

Production technology for Upland or Tanr land (Rainfed) rice Cultivation in Jharkhand

 

Variety: Birsa Dhan 108, Birsa Vikash Dhan 109 and Vandana.

Date of Sowing: 15 - 30 June. Seed Rate: 100 kg/ha (forbroadcasting) and 80 kg/ha (for in line behind plough furrow. ).

Mannure: 5 tons FYM / Compost or 5 q/ha Neem Cake before 15 days before sowing.

Fertilizer: 40:20:20 kg NPK / ha. Apply 20 kg Phosphorus (125 kg SSP or 50 kg TSP) and 20 kg Potash (50 kg MOP) / ha at the time of sowing.

File Courtesy: 
BAU Ranchi
Photo Courtesy: 
Mr. Chaitanya, DRR
12
Jul

Perennial sedges - Cyperus rotundus L. (Purple nut sedge)

 

File Courtesy: 
BAU Ranchi
Photo Courtesy: 
Dr.Sreedevi (DRR)
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